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CVE-2019-15949

Status Candidate

Overview

Nagios XI before 5.6.6 allows remote command execution as root. The exploit requires access to the server as the nagios user, or access as the admin user via the web interface. The getprofile.sh script, invoked by downloading a system profile (profile.php?cmd=download), is executed as root via a passwordless sudo entry; the script executes check_plugin, which is owned by the nagios user. A user logged into Nagios XI with permissions to modify plugins, or the nagios user on the server, can modify the check_plugin executable and insert malicious commands to execute as root.

Related Files

Nagios XI getprofile.sh Remote Command Execution
Posted Apr 14, 2021
Authored by Erik Wynter, Jak Gibb | Site metasploit.com

This Metasploit module exploits a vulnerability in the getprofile.sh script of Nagios XI versions prior to 5.6.6 in order to upload a malicious check_ping plugin and thereby execute arbitrary commands. For Nagios XI 5.2.0 through 5.4.13, the commands are run as the nagios user. For versions 5.5.0 through 5.6.5, the commands are run as root. Note that versions prior to 5.2.0 will still be marked as being vulnerable however this module does not presently support exploiting these targets. The module uploads a malicious check_ping plugin to the Nagios XI server via /admin/monitoringplugins.php and then executes this plugin by issuing a HTTP GET request to download a system profile from the server. For all supported targets except Linux (cmd), the module uses a command stager to write the exploit to the target via the malicious plugin. This may not work if Nagios XI is running in a restricted Unix environment, so in that case the target must be set to Linux (cmd). The module then writes the payload to the malicious plugin while avoiding commands that may not be supported. Valid credentials for a user with administrative privileges are required. This module was successfully tested on Nagios XI 5.3.0 and Nagios 5.6.5, both running on CentOS 7. For vulnerable versions before 5.5.0, it may take a significant amount of time for the payload to get back (up to 5 minutes). If exploitation fails against an older system, it is recommended to increase the WfsDelay setting (default is 300 seconds).

tags | exploit, web, arbitrary, root, php
systems | linux, unix, osx, centos
advisories | CVE-2019-15949
MD5 | c535c12509a747d756650bedc5b31fca
Nagios XI Authenticated Remote Command Execution
Posted Mar 10, 2020
Authored by Erik Wynter, Jak Gibb | Site metasploit.com

This Metasploit module exploits a vulnerability in Nagios XI versions before 5.6.6 in order to execute arbitrary commands as root. The module uploads a malicious plugin to the Nagios XI server and then executes this plugin by issuing an HTTP GET request to download a system profile from the server. For all supported targets except Linux (cmd), the module uses a command stager to write the exploit to the target via the malicious plugin. This may not work if Nagios XI is running in a restricted Unix environment, so in that case the target must be set to Linux (cmd). The module then writes the payload to the malicious plugin while avoiding commands that may not be supported. Valid credentials for a user with administrative privileges are required. This module was successfully tested on Nagios XI 5.6.5 running on CentOS 7. The module may behave differently against older versions of Nagios XI.

tags | exploit, web, arbitrary, root
systems | linux, unix, osx, centos
advisories | CVE-2019-15949
MD5 | 27aeb9dcadc656869ca4d5c1b08a9963
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