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CVE-2015-8994

Status Candidate

Overview

An issue was discovered in PHP 5.x and 7.x, when the configuration uses apache2handler/mod_php or php-fpm with OpCache enabled. With 5.x after 5.6.28 or 7.x after 7.0.13, the issue is resolved in a non-default configuration with the opcache.validate_permission=1 setting. The vulnerability details are as follows. In PHP SAPIs where PHP interpreters share a common parent process, Zend OpCache creates a shared memory object owned by the common parent during initialization. Child PHP processes inherit the SHM descriptor, using it to cache and retrieve compiled script bytecode ("opcode" in PHP jargon). Cache keys vary depending on configuration, but filename is a central key component, and compiled opcode can generally be run if a script's filename is known or can be guessed. Many common shared-hosting configurations change EUID in child processes to enforce privilege separation among hosted users (for example using mod_ruid2 for the Apache HTTP Server, or php-fpm user settings). In these scenarios, the default Zend OpCache behavior defeats script file permissions by sharing a single SHM cache among all child PHP processes. PHP scripts often contain sensitive information: Think of CMS configurations where reading or running another user's script usually means gaining privileges to the CMS database.

Related Files

Ubuntu Security Notice USN-3382-1
Posted Aug 10, 2017
Authored by Ubuntu | Site security.ubuntu.com

Ubuntu Security Notice 3382-1 - It was discovered that the PHP opcache created keys for files it cached based on their filepath. A local attacker could possibly use this issue in a shared hosting environment to obtain sensitive information. This issue only affected Ubuntu 14.04 LTS. It was discovered that the PHP URL parser incorrectly handled certain URI components. A remote attacker could possibly use this issue to bypass hostname-specific URL checks. This issue only affected Ubuntu 14.04 LTS. Various other issues were also addressed.

tags | advisory, remote, local, php
systems | linux, ubuntu
advisories | CVE-2015-8994, CVE-2016-10397, CVE-2017-11143, CVE-2017-11144, CVE-2017-11145, CVE-2017-11147, CVE-2017-11362, CVE-2017-11628, CVE-2017-9224, CVE-2017-9226, CVE-2017-9227, CVE-2017-9228, CVE-2017-9229
MD5 | 984ca408a3f1b29c60c732d8e6ab82d4
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