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Cisco Security Advisory 20070905-csm

Cisco Security Advisory 20070905-csm
Posted Sep 6, 2007
Authored by Cisco Systems | Site cisco.com

Cisco Security Advisory - The Cisco Content Switching Modules (CSM) and Cisco Content Switching Module with SSL (CSM-S) contain two vulnerabilities that can lead to a denial of service (DoS) condition. The first vulnerability exists when processing TCP packets, and the second vulnerability affects devices with service termination enabled.

tags | advisory, denial of service, tcp, vulnerability
systems | cisco
SHA-256 | 2eae6adc493904d58cf29a9020f9964acd42641af4809711b2a28fd12881e07d

Cisco Security Advisory 20070905-csm

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Cisco Security Advisory: Denial of Service Vulnerabilities in Content
Switching Module

Document ID: 97826

Advisory ID: cisco-sa-20070905-csm


Revision 1.0

For Public Release 2007 September 5 1600 UTC (GMT)

- ---------------------------------------------------------------------


The Cisco Content Switching Modules (CSM) and Cisco Content Switching
Module with SSL (CSM-S) contain two vulnerabilities that can lead to
a denial of service (DoS) condition. The first vulnerability exists
when processing TCP packets, and the second vulnerability affects
devices with service termination enabled.

Cisco has made free software available to address these
vulnerabilities for affected customers.

This advisory is posted at

Affected Products

Vulnerable Products

These vulnerabilities were identified in CSM software version 4.2 and
CSM-S software version 2.1. The following table helps illustrate the
vulnerable software versions for these products:

| Vulnerability | CSM | CSM-S |
| TCP packet | 4.2 Prior | 2.1 Prior |
| Processing | to 4.2.3a | to 2.1.2a |
| DOS | | |
| Service | 4.2 Prior | 2.1 Prior |
| Termination | to 4.2.7 | to 2.1.6 |

To determine the software running on a Content Switching Module, log
in to the Catalyst switch and issue the show version command.

The following example shows a CSM running software version 4.2(2) in
a Supervisor running CatOS. Supervisors running CatOS or IOS will
have similar output. The version of the CSM is shown on the module
labeled WS-X6066-SLB-APC as illustrated in the following output.

Console>show version
WS-C6506 Software, Version NmpSW: 7.6(9)
Copyright (c) 1995-2004 by Cisco Systems
NMP S/W compiled on Aug 27 2004, 20:05:14

System Bootstrap Version: 7.1(1)
System Boot Image File is 'disk0:cat6000-sup2k8.7-6-9.bin'
System Configuration register is 0x2102

Hardware Version: 3.0 Model: WS-C6506 Serial #: TBA05360375

PS1 Module: WS-CAC-1300W Serial #: ACP05061071
PS2 Module: WS-CAC-1300W Serial #: ACP05060407

Mod Port Model Serial # Versions
--- ---- ------------------- ----------- --------------------------------------
1 2 WS-X6K-SUP2-2GE SAD055104YY Hw : 3.2
Fw : 7.1(1)
Fw1: 6.1(3)
Sw : 7.6(9)
Sw1: 7.6(9)
WS-F6K-PFC2 SAD055104H5 Hw : 3.0
Sw :
WS-X6K-SUP2-2GE SAD055104YY Hw : 3.2
Sw :
2 48 WS-X6248-RJ-45 SAD0501084U Hw : 1.4
Fw : 5.4(2)
Sw : 7.6(9)

5 4 WS-X6066-SLB-APC SAD105003DW Hw : 1.9
Fw :
Sw : 4.2(2)

Module Total Used Free Total Used Free Total Used Free
------ ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- ----- ----- -----
1 262144K 70354K 191790K 32768K 23251K 9517K 512K 253K 259K

Uptime is 43 days, 22 hours, 7 minutes

The following configuration segment shows a vserver with service
terminations enabled:

vserver WWW:2
virtual x.x.x.x tcp www service termination

Products Confirmed Not Vulnerable

Only Catalyst CSM modules running indicated 4.2 versions are affected
by these vulnerabilities. CSM software versions 4.1, 3.2 and 3.1 are
not affected by these vulnerabilities.

Catalyst CSM-S modules running indicated 2.1 versions are the only
vulnerable versions of software for that product.

No other Cisco products are currently known to be affected by this
vulnerability. The Cisco Secure Content Accelerator is not affected
by this vulnerability.


The Catalyst CSM is an integrated Server Load Balancing line card for
the Catalyst 6500 and 7600 Series designed to enhance the response
time for client traffic to end points including servers, caches,
firewalls, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) devices, and VPN termination

The Catalyst 6500 CSM-S combines high-performance server load
balancing (SLB) with Secure Socket Layer (SSL) offload. The CSM-S is
similar to the CSM; however, it can also terminate and initiate
SSL-encrypted traffic, which allows the CSM-S to perform intelligent
load balancing while ensuring secure end-to-end encryption.

When a module running affected code receives specific TCP packets out
of order, a DoS condition may be triggered resulting in the CPU
reaching 100% utilization or a reload with a FPGA4 exception with
icp.fatPath length error.

This vulnerability is documented in Cisco bug ID CSCsd27478.

When service termination is enabled on a module running affected
software and the module is under high network utilization, a DoS
condition may be triggered, resulting in a reload with a FPGA4
exception 1 IDLE error.

This vulnerability is documented in Cisco bug ID CSCsh57876.

In normal operations, the MSFC CLI handles the management of the CSM
and CSM-S; however, in order to upgrade the software, a user must
first log into the switch and session to the module.

For more information on how to upgrade your CSM, visit the
page on Cisco.com.

Information on how to upgrade the CSM-S can be found at:

Vulnerability Scoring Details

Cisco is providing scores for the vulnerabilities in this advisory
based on the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS). The CVSS
scoring in this Security Advisory is done in accordance with CVSS
version 2.0.

Cisco will provide a base and temporal score. Customers can then
compute environmental scores to assist in determining the impact of
the vulnerability in individual networks.

Customers are encouraged to apply the bias parameter when determining
the environmental impact of a particular vulnerability.

CVSS is a standards based scoring method that conveys vulnerability
severity and helps determine urgency and priority of response.

Cisco has provided an FAQ to answer additional questions regarding


Cisco has also provided a CVSS calculator to help compute the
environmental impact for individual networks at


CSCsh57876 - FPGA4 exception under high network utilization and
service termination is enabled

CVSS Base Score: 7.8
Access Vector: Network
Access Complexity: Low
Authentication: None
Confidentiality Impact: None
Integrity Impact: None
Availability Impact: Complete
Impact Bias: Normal

CVSS Temporal Score: 6.4
Exploitability: Functional
Remediation Level: Official Fix
Report Confidence: Confirmed

CSCsh57876 - FPGA4 exception with icp.fatPath length error when out of order
packets are received

CVSS Base Score: 7.8
Access Vector: Network
Access Complexity: Low
Authentication: None
Confidentiality Impact: None
Integrity Impact: None
Availability Impact: Complete
Impact Bias: Normal

CVSS Temporal Score: 6.4
Exploitability: Functional
Remediation Level: Official Fix
Report Confidence: Confirmed


Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities against a system
running a vulnerable version of CSM or CSM-S software may cause the
system to become unresponsive or reload. Repeated attacks may result
in a prolonged DoS condition.

Software Versions and Fixes

When considering software upgrades, also consult
http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt and any subsequent advisories to
determine exposure and a complete upgrade solution.

In all cases, customers should exercise caution to be certain the
devices to be upgraded contain sufficient memory and that current
hardware and software configurations will continue to be supported
properly by the new release. If the information is not clear, contact
the Cisco Technical Assistance Center ("TAC") or your contracted
maintenance provider for assistance.

For more information on the terms "Rebuild" and "Maintenance," consult
the following URL:

Registered customers can obtained fixed software for the CSM from:

Registered customers can obtained fixed software for the CSM-S from:


There are no workarounds for these vulnerabilities. Removing service
termination will mitigate Cisco bug ID CSCsh57876; however, disabling
this feature disables services that may be critical to the operation
of the device.

Additional mitigations that can be deployed on Cisco devices within
the network are available in the Cisco Applied Intelligence companion
document for this advisory:


Obtaining Fixed Software

Cisco will make free software available to address this vulnerability
for affected customers. This advisory will be updated as fixed
software becomes available. Prior to deploying software, customers
should consult their maintenance provider or check the software for
feature set compatibility and known issues specific to their

Customers may only install and expect support for the feature sets
they have purchased. By installing, downloading, accessing or
otherwise using such software upgrades, customers agree to be bound by
the terms of Cisco's software license terms found at
http://www.cisco.com/public/sw-license-agreement.html, or as otherwise
set forth at Cisco.com Downloads at

Do not contact either "psirt@cisco.com" or "security-alert@cisco.com"
for software upgrades.

Customers with Service Contracts

Customers with contracts should obtain upgraded software through
their regular update channels. For most customers, this means that
upgrades should be obtained through the Software Center on Cisco's
worldwide website at http://www.cisco.com.

Customers using Third Party Support Organizations

Customers whose Cisco products are provided or maintained through
prior or existing agreement with third-party support organizations
such as Cisco Partners, authorized resellers, or service providers
should contact that support organization for guidance and assistance
with the appropriate course of action in regards to this advisory.

The effectiveness of any workaround or fix is dependent on specific
customer situations such as product mix, network topology, traffic
behavior, and organizational mission. Due to the variety of affected
products and releases, customers should consult with their service
provider or support organization to ensure any applied workaround or
fix is the most appropriate for use in the intended network before it
is deployed.

Customers without Service Contracts

Customers who purchase direct from Cisco but who do not hold a Cisco
service contract and customers who purchase through third-party
vendors but are unsuccessful at obtaining fixed software through
their point of sale should get their upgrades by contacting the Cisco
Technical Assistance Center (TAC). TAC contacts are as follows.

* +1 800 553 2447 (toll free from within North America)
* +1 408 526 7209 (toll call from anywhere in the world)
* e-mail: tac@cisco.com

Have your product serial number available and give the URL of this
notice as evidence of your entitlement to a free upgrade. Free
upgrades for non-contract customers must be requested through the

Refer to http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/687/Directory/DirTAC.shtml
for additional TAC contact information, including special localized
telephone numbers and instructions and e-mail addresses for use in
various languages.

Exploitation and Public Announcements

The Cisco PSIRT is not aware of any public announcements or malicious
use of the vulnerability described in this advisory.

These vulnerabilities were discovered during the investigation of
customer support cases.

Status of this Notice: Final


A stand-alone copy or Paraphrase of the text of this document that
omits the distribution URL in the following section is an
uncontrolled copy, and may lack important information or contain
factual errors.


This advisory is posted on Cisco's worldwide website at:


In addition to worldwide web posting, a text version of this notice
is clear-signed with the Cisco PSIRT PGP key and is posted to the
following e-mail and Usenet news recipients.

* cust-security-announce@cisco.com
* first-teams@first.org
* bugtraq@securityfocus.com
* vulnwatch@vulnwatch.org
* cisco@spot.colorado.edu
* cisco-nsp@puck.nether.net
* full-disclosure@lists.grok.org.uk
* comp.dcom.sys.cisco@newsgate.cisco.com

Future updates of this advisory, if any, will be placed on Cisco's
worldwide website, but may or may not be actively announced on
mailing lists or newsgroups. Users concerned about this problem are
encouraged to check the above URL for any updates.

Revision History

| Revision | | Initial |
| 1.0 | 2007-Sept-05 | public |
| | | release |

Cisco Security Procedures

Complete information on reporting security vulnerabilities in Cisco
products, obtaining assistance with security incidents, and
registering to receive security information from Cisco, is available
on Cisco's worldwide website at
This includes instructions for press inquiries regarding Cisco
security notices. All Cisco security advisories are available at

Version: GnuPG v1.4.5 (Darwin)

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