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Cisco Security Advisory 20040317-openssl

Cisco Security Advisory 20040317-openssl
Posted Mar 17, 2004
Authored by Cisco Systems | Site cisco.com

Cisco Security Advisory 20040317 - A new vulnerability in the OpenSSL implementation for SSL has been announced. An affected network device running an SSL server based on an affected OpenSSL implementation may be vulnerable to a Denial of Service (DoS) attack.

tags | advisory, denial of service
systems | cisco
advisories | CVE-2004-0079, CVE-2004-0112
SHA-256 | 42b7301b69fb615efdd79960fe4a0a79c2e23d757d2404a1777bb41cce77e433

Cisco Security Advisory 20040317-openssl

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Cisco Security Advisory: Cisco OpenSSL Implementation Vulnerability

Revision 1.0

For Public Release 2004 March 17 at 1300 UTC (GMT)

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Contents

Summary
Affected Products
Details
Impact
Software Versions and Fixes
Obtaining Fixed Software
Workarounds
Exploitation and Public Announcements
Status of This Notice: INTERIM
Distribution
Revision History
Cisco Security Procedures

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Summary

A new vulnerability in the OpenSSL implementation for SSL
has been announced on March 17, 2004.

An affected network device running an SSL server based on an affected
OpenSSL implementation may be vulnerable to a Denial of Service (DoS)
attack. There are workarounds available to mitigate the effects of this
vulnerability on Cisco products in the workaround section of this
advisory. Cisco is providing fixed software, and recommends that customers
upgrade to it when it is available.

This advisory will be posted at
http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20040317-openssl.shtml.

Affected Products

The following products have their SSL implementation based on the OpenSSL
code and are affected by this vulnerability.

* Cisco IOS 12.1(11)E and later in the 12.1E release train. Only crypto
images (56i and k2) are vulnerable for the Cisco 7100 and 7200 Series
Routers.
* Cisco IOS 12.2SY release train. Only crypto images (k8, k9 and k91)
are vulnerable for the Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series and Cisco 7600
Series Routers.
* Cisco PIX Firewall
* Cisco Firewall Services Module (FWSM) for the Cisco Catalyst 6500
Series and Cisco 7600 Series routers
* Cisco MDS 9000 Series Multilayer Switch
* Cisco Content Service Switch (CSS) 11000 series
* Cisco Global Site Selector (GSS) 4480
* CiscoWorks Common Services (CWCS) version 2.2 and CiscoWorks Common
Management Foundation (CMF) version 2.1
* Cisco Access Registrar (CAR)

The following products have their SSL implementation based on the OpenSSL
code and are not affected by this vulnerability.

* Cisco Secure Intrusion Detection System (NetRanger) appliance. This
includes the IDS-42xx appliances, NM-CIDS and WS-SVS-IDSM2.
* Cisco SN 5428 and SN 5428-2 Storage Router
* Cisco CNS Configuration Engine
* Cisco Network Analysis Modules (NAM) for the Cisco Catalyst 6000 and
6500 Series switches and Cisco 7600 Series routers
* Cisco SIP Proxy Server (SPS)
* CiscoWorks 1105 Hosting Solution Engine (HSE)
* CiscoWorks 1105 Wireless LAN Solution Engine (WLSE)
* Cisco Ethernet Subscriber Solution Engine (ESSE)

The following products, which implement SSL, are not affected by this
vulnerability.

* Cisco VPN 3000 Series Concentrators

CatOS does not implement SSL and is not vulnerable.

No other Cisco products are currently known to be affected by this
vulnerability. This vulnerability is still being actively investigated
across Cisco products and status of some products has still not been
determined.

Details

Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), is a protocol used to encrypt the data
transferred over an TCP session. SSL in Cisco products is mainly used by
the HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS) web service for which the
default TCP port is 443. The affected products, listed above, are only
vulnerable if they have the HTTPS service enabled and the access to the
service is not limited to trusted hosts or network management
workstations.

To check if the HTTPS service is enabled one can do the following:

1. Check the configuration on the device to verify the status of the
HTTPS service.
2. Try to connect to the device using a standard web browser that
supports SSL using a URL similar to https://ip_address_of_device/.
3. Try and connect to the default HTTPS port, TCP 443, using Telnet.
telnet ip_address_of_device 443. If the session connects the service
is enabled and accessible.

Testing by the OpenSSL development team has uncovered a null-pointer
assignment in the do_change_cipher_spec() function. A remote attacker
could perform a carefully crafted SSL/TLS handshake against a server that
used the OpenSSL library in such a way as to cause OpenSSL to crash. This
crash on many Cisco products would cause the device to reload. Repeated
exploitation of this vulnerability would result in a Denial of Service
(DoS) attack on the device.

Another flaw was also discovered in the SSL/TLS handshaking code when
using Kerberos ciphersuites. A remote attacker could perform a carefully
crafted SSL/TLS handshake against a server configured to use Kerberos
ciphersuites in such a way as to cause OpenSSL to crash. None of the Cisco
OpenSSL implementations are known to use Kerberos ciphersuites and are
therefore not affected by this second vulnerability.

A third vulnerability described in the NISCC advisory is a bug in older
versions of OpenSSL, versions before 0.9.6d, that can also lead to a
Denial of Service attack. None of the Cisco OpenSSL implementations are
known to be affected by this older OpenSSL issue.

More information on the OpenSSL vulnerability is available at
http://www.openssl.org/news/secadv_20040317.txt .

* Cisco IOS - All 12.1(11)E and later IOS software crypto (56i and k2)
image releases in the 12.1E release train for the Cisco 7100 and 7200
Series Routers are affected by this vulnerability. All IOS software
crypto (k8, k9, and k91) image releases in the 12.2SY release train
for the Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series and Cisco 7600 Series Routers are
affected by this vulnerability. The SSH implementation in IOS is not
dependent on any OpenSSL code. SSH implementations in IOS do not
handle certificates, yet, and therefore do not use any SSL code for
SSH. OpenSSL in 12.1E and 12.2SY release trains is only used for
providing the HTTPS and VPN Device Manager (VDM) services. This
vulnerability is documented in the Cisco Bug Toolkit (registered
customers only) as Bug ID CSCee00041. The HTTPS web service, that uses
the OpenSSL code, on the device is disabled by default. The no ip http
secure-server command may be used to disable the HTTPS web service on
the device, if required. The SSH and IPSec services in IOS are not
vulnerable to this vulnerability.
* Cisco PIX Firewall - PIX 6.x releases are affected by this
vulnerability. PIX 5.x releases do not contain any SSL code and are
not vulnerable. This vulnerability is documented in the Cisco Bug
Toolkit (registered customers only) as Bug ID CSCed90672.
* Cisco Firewall Services Module (FWSM) for the Cisco Catalyst 6500
Series and Cisco 7600 Series routers - This vulnerability is
documented in the Cisco Bug Toolkit (registered customers only) as Bug
ID CSCee02055.
* Cisco MDS 9000 Series Multilayer Switches - This vulnerability is
documented in the Cisco Bug Toolkit (registered customers only) as Bug
ID CSCed96246.
* Cisco Content Service Switch (CSS) 11000 series - WebNS version 6.x
and 7.x are affected by this vulnerability. WebNS version 5.x is not
vulnerable to the OpenSSL vulnerabilities. This vulnerability is
documented in the Cisco Bug Toolkit (registered customers only) as Bug
ID CSCee01234 for SCM and is documented in the Cisco Bug Toolkit
(registered customers only) as Bug ID CSCee01240 for the SSL module.
* Cisco Global Site Selector (GSS) 4480 - This vulnerability is
documented in the Cisco Bug Toolkit (registered customers only) as Bug
ID CSCee01057.
* CiscoWorks Common Services (CWCS) version 2.2 and CiscoWorks Common
Management Foundation (CMF) version 2.1 - This vulnerability is
documented in the Cisco Bug Toolkit (registered customers only) as Bug
ID CSCsa13748.
* Cisco Access Registrar (CAR) - This vulnerability is documented in the
Cisco Bug Toolkit (registered customers only) as Bug ID CSCee01956.

The Internetworking Terms and Cisco Systems Acronyms online guides can be
found at http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/cisintwk/.

Impact

An affected network device running an SSL server based on the OpenSSL
implementation may be vulnerable to a Denial of Service (DoS) attack.

Software Versions and Fixes

* Cisco IOS -

+----------------------------------------+
|Release| Fixed Releases |Availability |
| Train | | |
|-------+------------------+-------------|
|12.2SY |12.2(14)SY4 |March 25 |
|-------+------------------+-------------|
| |12.1(13)E14 |April 8 |
|12.1E |12.1.(19)E7 |April 8 |
| |12.1(20)E3 |April 26 |
+----------------------------------------+

* Cisco PIX Firewall - The vulnerability is fixed in software releases
6.0(4)102, 6.1(5)102, 6.2(3)107, and 6.3(3)124. These engineering
builds may be obtained by contacting the Cisco Technical Assistance
Center (TAC). TAC Contact information is given in the Obtaining Fixed
Software section below.
* Cisco Firewall Services Module (FWSM) for the Cisco Catalyst 6500
Series and Cisco 7600 Series routers - The vulnerability is fixed in
software release 1.1.3(14) which will be available by Monday, 22 of
March, 2004. This engineering builds may be obtained by contacting the
Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC). TAC Contact information is
given in the Obtaining Fixed Software section below.
* Cisco MDS 9000 Series Multilayer Switches - No fixed software release
or software availability date has been determined yet.
* Cisco Content Service Switch (CSS) 11000 series -No fixed software
release or software availability date has been determined yet.
* Cisco Global Site Selector (GSS) 4480 - No fixed software release or
software availability date has been determined yet.
* CiscoWorks Common Services (CWCS) version 2.2 and CiscoWorks Common
Management Foundation (CMF) version 2.1 - No fixed software release or
software availability date has been determined yet.
* Cisco Access Registrar (CAR) - The vulnerability is fixed in software
release 3.5.0.12 which will be available by Friday, 26 of March, 2004.

Obtaining Fixed Software

Cisco is offering free software upgrades to address this vulnerability for
all affected customers.

Customers may only install and expect support for the feature sets they
have purchased. By installing, downloading, accessing or otherwise using
such software upgrades, Customers agree to be bound by the terms of
Cisco's software license terms found at
http://www.cisco.com/public/sw-license-agreement.html, or as otherwise set
forth at the Cisco Connection Online Software Center at
http://www.cisco.com/public/sw-center/sw-usingswc.shtml.

Customers with contracts should obtain upgraded software through their
regular update channels. For most customers, this means that upgrades
should be obtained through the Software Center on Cisco's worldwide
website at http://www.cisco.com/tacpage/sw-center. To access the software
download URL, you must be a registered user and you must be logged in.

Customers whose Cisco products are provided or maintained through a prior
or existing agreement with third-party support organizations such as Cisco
Partners, authorized resellers, or service providers, should contact that
support organization for assistance with obtaining the software
upgrade(s).

Customers who purchase direct from Cisco but who do not hold a Cisco
service contract and customers who purchase through third-party vendors
but are unsuccessful at obtaining fixed software through their point of
sale should get their upgrades by contacting the Cisco Technical
Assistance Center (TAC) using the contact information listed below. In
these cases, customers are entitled to obtain a free upgrade to a later
version of the same release or as indicated by the applicable corrected
software version in the Software Versions and Fixes section (noted above).

Cisco TAC contacts are as follows:

* +1 800 553 2447 (toll free from within North America)
* +1 408 526 7209 (toll call from anywhere in the world)
* e-mail: tac@cisco.com

See http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/687/Directory/DirTAC.shtml for
additional TAC contact information, including special localized telephone
numbers and instructions and e-mail addresses for use in various
languages.

Please have your product serial number available and give the URL of this
notice as evidence of your entitlement to a upgrade. Upgrades for
non-contract customers must be requested through the TAC.

Please do not contact either "psirt@cisco.com" or
"security-alert@cisco.com" for software upgrades.

Workarounds

The Cisco PSIRT recommends that affected users upgrade to a fixed software
version of code as soon as it is available.

* Restrict access to the HTTPS server on the network device. Allow
access to the network device only from trusted workstations by using
access lists / MAC filters that are available on the affected
platforms.
* Disable the SSL server / service on the network device. This
workaround must be weighed against the need for secure communications
with the vulnerable device.

Exploitation and Public Announcements

The Cisco PSIRT is not aware of any malicious use of the vulnerability
described in this advisory.

This vulnerability was reported to Cisco PSIRT by NISCC. NISCC has
documented this vulnerability at
http://www.uniras.gov.uk/vuls/2004/224012/index.htm .

Status of This Notice: INTERIM

This is an interim advisory. Although Cisco cannot guarantee the accuracy
of all statements in this advisory, all of the facts have been checked to
the best of our ability. Cisco does not anticipate issuing updated
versions of this advisory unless there is some material change in the
facts. Should there be a significant change in the facts, Cisco may update
this advisory.

A stand-alone copy or paraphrase of the text of this security advisory
that omits the distribution URL in the following section is an
uncontrolled copy, and may lack important information or contain factual
errors.

Distribution

This advisory will be posted on Cisco's worldwide website at
http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20040317-openssl.shtml .

In addition to worldwide web posting, a text version of this notice is
clear-signed with the Cisco PSIRT PGP key having the fingerprint 8C82 5207
0CA9 ED40 1DD2 EE2A 7B31 A8CF 32B6 B590 and is posted to the following
e-mail and Usenet news recipients.

* cust-security-announce@cisco.com
* first-teams@first.org (includes CERT/CC)
* bugtraq@securityfocus.com
* vulnwatch@vulnwatch.org
* cisco@spot.colorado.edu
* cisco-nsp@puck.nether.net
* full-disclosure@lists.netsys.com
* comp.dcom.sys.cisco@newsgate.cisco.com

Future updates of this advisory, if any, will be placed on Cisco's
worldwide website, but may or may not be actively announced on mailing
lists or newsgroups. Users concerned about this problem are encouraged to
check the above URL for any updates.

Revision History

+------------------------------------------+
|Revision 1.0|2004-March-17|Initial |
| | |release. |
+------------------------------------------+

Cisco Security Procedures

Complete information on reporting security vulnerabilities in Cisco
products, obtaining assistance with security incidents, and registering to
receive security information from Cisco, is available on Cisco's worldwide
website at
http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/sec_incident_response.shtml. This
includes instructions for press inquiries regarding Cisco security
notices. All Cisco security advisories are available at
http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt.

This advisory is copyright 2004 by Cisco Systems, Inc. This advisory may
be redistributed freely after the release date given at the top of the
text, provided that redistributed copies are complete and unmodified,
including all date and version information.

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