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Debian Security Advisory 4564-1

Debian Security Advisory 4564-1
Posted Nov 12, 2019
Authored by Debian | Site debian.org

Debian Linux Security Advisory 4564-1 - Several vulnerabilities have been discovered in the Linux kernel that may lead to a privilege escalation, denial of service, or information leak.

tags | advisory, denial of service, kernel, vulnerability
systems | linux, debian
advisories | CVE-2018-12207, CVE-2019-0154, CVE-2019-0155, CVE-2019-11135
SHA-256 | 59c27079a31702e897cbf30fcf5ef9e412e9e9662564394bded4827560ab30d1

Debian Security Advisory 4564-1

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- -------------------------------------------------------------------------
Debian Security Advisory DSA-4564-1 security@debian.org
https://www.debian.org/security/ Ben Hutchings
November 12, 2019 https://www.debian.org/security/faq
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------

Package : linux
CVE ID : CVE-2018-12207 CVE-2019-0154 CVE-2019-0155 CVE-2019-11135

Several vulnerabilities have been discovered in the Linux kernel that
may lead to a privilege escalation, denial of service, or information
leak.

CVE-2018-12207

It was discovered that on Intel CPUs supporting hardware
virtualisation with Extended Page Tables (EPT), a guest VM may
manipulate the memory management hardware to cause a Machine Check
Error (MCE) and denial of service (hang or crash).

The guest triggers this error by changing page tables without a
TLB flush, so that both 4 KB and 2 MB entries for the same virtual
address are loaded into the instruction TLB (iTLB). This update
implements a mitigation in KVM that prevents guest VMs from
loading 2 MB entries into the iTLB. This will reduce performance
of guest VMs.

Further information on the mitigation can be found at
<https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/admin-guide/hw-vuln/multihit.html>
or in the linux-doc-4.9 or linux-doc-4.19 package.

A qemu update adding support for the PSCHANGE_MC_NO feature, which
allows to disable iTLB Multihit mitigations in nested hypervisors
will be provided via DSA 4566-1.

Intel's explanation of the issue can be found at
<https://software.intel.com/security-software-guidance/insights/deep-dive-machine-check-error-avoidance-page-size-change-0>.

CVE-2019-0154

Intel discovered that on their 8th and 9th generation GPUs,
reading certain registers while the GPU is in a low-power state
can cause a system hang. A local user permitted to use the GPU
can use this for denial of service.

This update mitigates the issue through changes to the i915
driver.

The affected chips (gen8 and gen9) are listed at
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Intel_graphics_processing_units#Gen8>.

CVE-2019-0155

Intel discovered that their 9th generation and newer GPUs are
missing a security check in the Blitter Command Streamer (BCS). A
local user permitted to use the GPU could use this to access any
memory that the GPU has access to, which could result in a denial
of service (memory corruption or crash), a leak of sensitive
information, or privilege escalation.

This update mitigates the issue by adding the security check to
the i915 driver.

The affected chips (gen9 onward) are listed at
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Intel_graphics_processing_units#Gen9>.

CVE-2019-11135

It was discovered that on Intel CPUs supporting transactional
memory (TSX), a transaction that is going to be aborted may
continue to execute speculatively, reading sensitive data from
internal buffers and leaking it through dependent operations.
Intel calls this "TSX Asynchronous Abort" (TAA).

For CPUs affected by the previously published Microarchitectural
Data Sampling (MDS) issues (CVE-2018-12126, CVE-2018-12127,
CVE-2018-12130, CVE-2019-11091), the existing mitigation also
mitigates this issue.

For processors that are vulnerable to TAA but not MDS, this update
disables TSX by default. This mitigation requires updated CPU
microcode. An updated intel-microcode package (only available in
Debian non-free) will be provided via DSA 4565-1. The updated CPU
microcode may also be available as part of a system firmware
("BIOS") update.

Further information on the mitigation can be found at
<https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/admin-guide/hw-vuln/tsx_async_abort.html>
or in the linux-doc-4.9 or linux-doc-4.19 package.

Intel's explanation of the issue can be found at
<https://software.intel.com/security-software-guidance/insights/deep-dive-intel-transactional-synchronization-extensions-intel-tsx-asynchronous-abort>.

For the oldstable distribution (stretch), these problems have been fixed
in version 4.9.189-3+deb9u2.

For the stable distribution (buster), these problems have been fixed in
version 4.19.67-2+deb10u2.

We recommend that you upgrade your linux packages.

For the detailed security status of linux please refer to its security
tracker page at:
https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/linux

Further information about Debian Security Advisories, how to apply
these updates to your system and frequently asked questions can be
found at: https://www.debian.org/security/

Mailing list: debian-security-announce@lists.debian.org
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