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Broadcom wl_run_escan Heap Overflow

Broadcom wl_run_escan Heap Overflow
Posted Apr 9, 2017
Authored by Google Security Research, laginimaineb

Broadcom suffers from a heap overflow vulnerability in wl_run_escan when handling WLC_GET_VALID_CHANNELS ioctl results.

tags | advisory, overflow
advisories | CVE-2017-0568
MD5 | 83adbee2091ecb792d21eb9237b131e7

Broadcom wl_run_escan Heap Overflow

Change Mirror Download
 Broadcom: Heap overflow in "wl_run_escan" when handling WLC_GET_VALID_CHANNELS ioctl results 


Broadcom produces Wi-Fi HardMAC SoCs which are used to handle the PHY and MAC layer processing. These chips are present in both mobile devices and Wi-Fi routers, and are capable of handling many Wi-Fi related events without delegating to the host OS. On Android devices, the "bcmdhd" driver is used in order to communicate with the Wi-Fi SoC (also referred to as "dongle").

Along with the regular flow of frames transferred between the host and the dongle, the two communicate with one another via a set of "ioctls" which can be issued to read or write dongle configuration from the host. This information is exchanged using the SDIO "control" channel (SDPCM_CONTROL_CHANNEL) rather than the regular "data" and "glom" channels (which are used to transfer frames).

When the "bcmdhd" driver performs a network scan, it does so by calling "wl_run_escan". In configurations where P2P scan is enabled (non-legacy configurations), the function first fetches the list of allowed channels in the current regulatory domain. The channels are fetched by issuing the WLC_GET_VALID_CHANNELS ioctl to the dongle. This ioctl's results are interpreted as an array of 16-bit values representing channels and a single 32-bit bit value denoting the length of the channel array.

Here is a short snippet from the code handling the P2P scan's logic:

1. u16* default_chan_list = kzalloc(num_chans * sizeof(*default_chan_list), GFP_KERNEL);
2. u32 n_nodfs = 0
3. ...
4. if (!wl_get_valid_channels(ndev, chan_buf, sizeof(chan_buf))) {
5. list = (wl_uint32_list_t *) chan_buf;
6. n_valid_chan = dtoh32(list->count);
7. for (i = 0; i < num_chans; i++)
8. {
9. _freq = request->channels[i]->center_freq;
10. channel = ieee80211_frequency_to_channel(_freq);
11. ...
12. for (j = 0; j < n_valid_chan; j++) {
13. if (channel == (dtoh32(list->element[j])))
14. default_chan_list[n_nodfs++] = channel;
15. }
16. }
17. }

Where "wl_get_valid_channels" is a simple wrapper around the WLC_GET_VALID_CHANNELS ioctl.

An attacker controlling the dongle can re-write the ioctl handling function (since it is entirely RAM-resident), in order to control the results of the ioctl above. This would allow the attacker to return an arbitrarily large value for "list->count". Doing so would cause the internal loop (lines 12-15) to iterate many times, and each time a value matching "channel" is encountered, line 14 would be executed. Since there is no validation to make sure that "n_nodfs" does not exceed the size of "num_chans", this would cause the loop to overflow the allocated chunk for "default_chan_list", corrupting the kernel's memory.

I've been able to statically verify this issue on the "bcmdhd-3.10" driver, and in the corresponding "bcmdhd" driver on the Nexus 5 (hammerhead) and Nexus 6P's (angler) kernels.

This bug is subject to a 90 day disclosure deadline. If 90 days elapse
without a broadly available patch, then the bug report will automatically
become visible to the public.

Found by: laginimaineb


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