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WordPress Robo Gallery 2.0.14 Code Execution

WordPress Robo Gallery 2.0.14 Code Execution
Posted Apr 12, 2016
Authored by ICG SEC | Site vulnerability-lab.com

WordPress Robo Gallery plugin version 2.0.14 suffers from a code execution vulnerability.

tags | exploit, code execution
MD5 | eaecec265158312e6974d84e3bc7c4c9

WordPress Robo Gallery 2.0.14 Code Execution

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Document Title:
===============
Wordpress Robo Gallery v2.0.14 - Code Execution Vulnerability


References (Source):
====================
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=1822


Release Date:
=============
2016-04-12


Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):
====================================
1822


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
8.9


Product & Service Introduction:
===============================
Most Easy and Powerful plugin to create a gallery on WordPress. If you
looking for fast, easy gallery with simple and very beautiful,
highly customizable design here is it... Gallery where even newbie in
WordPress will be able to create your first gallery in few minutes
and at the same time WordPress professionals get advanced tools and
freedom of creativity. Just download this Gallery and you'll not
look for any other gallery any more!

(Copy of the Homepage: https://wordpress.org/plugins/robo-gallery/ )


Abstract Advisory Information:
==============================
An independent vulnerability laboratory researcher discovered a remote
code execution vulnerability in the official Robo Gallery v2.0.14
Wordpress Plugin.


Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:
==================================
2016-04-12: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)


Discovery Status:
=================
Published


Affected Product(s):
====================
Robosoft
Product: Robo Gallery - Wordpress Plugin (Web-Application) 2.0.14


Exploitation Technique:
=======================
Remote


Severity Level:
===============
Critical


Technical Details & Description:
================================
A remote php code execution vulnerability has been discovered in the
official Robo Gallery v2.0.14 Wordpress Plugin web-application.
The vulnerability allows remote attackers to execute own malicious php
commands to compromise the web-application or connected dbms.

The vulnerability is located in teh `function` value of the
`rbs_gallery_ajax.php` file GET method request. Remote attackers are able
to execute own codes by usage of the vulnerable function value in the
`rbs_gallery_ajax.php` file. The request method to execute is
GET and the attack vector of the issue is located to the server-side.
The function is not secure parsed or encoded next to the module
context execute. Thus finally results in a php code execution because of
the wrong used parse context in the rbs_gallery_ajax.php file.

The security risk of the code execution vulnerability is estimated as
high with a cvss (common vulnerability scoring system) count of 8.9.
Exploitation of the php code execution vulnerability requires no
privileged web-application user account and low or medium user interaction.
Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in computer system,
web-server or database management system -compromise.

Request Method(s):
[+] GET

Vulnerable Module(s):
[+] ./wp-content/plugins/robo-gallery/includes/

Vulnerable File(s):
[+] rbs_gallery_ajax.php

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
[+] function


Proof of Concept (PoC):
=======================
The remote code execution vulnerability can be exploited by remote
attackers without privileged web-application user account or user
interaction.
For security demonstration or to reproduce the vulnerability follow the
provided information and steps below to continue.

PoC: Exploitation
http://localhost:8080/wp-content/plugins/robo-gallery/includes/rbs_gallery_ajax.php?function=phpinfo();[CODE
EXECUTION VULNERABILITY!]


PoC: Vulnerable Source
<?php
if ( ! defined( 'WPINC' ) ) die;

if(!function_exists('rbs_gallery_ajax_callback')){
add_action( 'wp_ajax_rbs_gallery', 'rbs_gallery_ajax_callback' );
function rbs_gallery_ajax_callback(){
if(isset($_POST['function']) && $_POST['function']){
$functionName = 'rbs_ajax_'.$_POST['function'];
if( function_exists( $functionName ) ) $functionName();
}
wp_die();
}
}


Source: Wordpress Plugin
wordpress.org/plugins/robo-gallery/


Reference(s):
http://localhost:8080/
http://localhost:8080/wp-content/
http://localhost:8080/wp-content/plugins/
http://localhost:8080/wp-content/plugins/robo-gallery/
http://localhost:8080/wp-content/plugins/robo-gallery/includes/


Solution - Fix & Patch:
=======================
The vulnerability can be patched by a secure restriction of the
vulnerable functions value in the rbs_gallery_ajax.php file GET method
request.
Disallow to include code that executes in the followup GET/POST method
request. Deny script code tags and filter them by disallow the usage of
special chars.


Security Risk:
==============
The security risk of the remote code execution vulnerability in the
wordpress plugin is estimated as critical. (CVSS 8.9)


Credits & Authors:
==================
Iran Cyber Security Group - 0x3a (ICG SEC) [Iran-Cyber.Net]
[http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/show.php?user=Iran%20Cyber%20Security]
My Team: MOHAMAD-NOFOZI , root3r , sir.h4m1d , m0hamad.black , whitewolf
, mr.s4jj4d , mr.turk , 0day , pi.hack , l3gi0n, nazanin_wild and 0xdevil


Disclaimer & Information:
=========================
The information provided in this advisory is provided as it is without
any warranty. Vulnerability Lab disclaims all warranties, either
expressed or implied,
including the warranties of merchantability and capability for a
particular purpose. Vulnerability-Lab or its suppliers are not liable in
any case of damage,
including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential loss of business
profits or special damages, even if Vulnerability-Lab or its suppliers
have been advised
of the possibility of such damages. Some states do not allow the
exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental
damages so the foregoing
limitation may not apply. We do not approve or encourage anybody to
break any licenses, policies, deface websites, hack into databases or
trade with stolen data.

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