what you don't know can hurt you

cisco-websense-bypass.txt

cisco-websense-bypass.txt
Posted May 17, 2006
Authored by George D. Gal

For each HTTP request the Cisco PIX or other Cisco device forwards individual packets to Websense to determine whether or not the request should be permitted. However, when splitting the HTTP request into two or more packets on the HTTP method it is possible to circumvent the filtering mechanism. Affected versions are Websense 5.5.2, Cisco PIX OS / ASA versions below 7.0.4.12, Cisco PIX OS versions below 6.3.6(112), FWSM 2.3.x, and FWSM 3.x.

tags | advisory, web
systems | cisco
advisories | CVE-2006-0515
MD5 | e4117b7343ffc213b150f115207bd0a9

cisco-websense-bypass.txt

Change Mirror Download
-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
Hash: SHA1

Virtual Security Research, LLC.
http://www.vsecurity.com/
Security Advisory

-
-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-

Advisory Name: WebSense content filter bypass when deployed in
conjunction with Cisco filtering devices
Release Date: 2006-05-08
Application: Websense in Conjunction with Cisco PIX
Version: Websense 5.5.2
Cisco PIX OS / ASA < 7.0.4.12
Cisco PIX OS < 6.3.5(112)
FWSM 2.3.x
FWSM 3.x
(other versions untested)
Severity: Low
Author: George D. Gal <ggal_at_vsecurity.com>
Vendor Status: Vendor Notified, Fix Available
CVE Candidate: CVE-2006-0515
Reference:
http://www.vsecurity.com/bulletins/advisories/2006/cisco-websense-bypass.txt
-
-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-


Product Description:

>>From the WebSense website[1]:


"Websense Enterprise, the industry-leading web filtering solution,
improves employee productivity, reduces legal liability, and optimizes
the use of IT resources. Websense Enterprise integrates seamlessly
with leading network infrastructure products to offer unequaled
flexibility and control."


Vulnerability Overview:

On August 9th, 2005 VSR has identified the ability to bypass the
Websense URL filtering capabilities when used in conjunction with the
Cisco PIX for web content filtering. Shortly thereafter another
security researcher [sledge.hammer(a+t)sinhack.net] had published[2] a
proof-of-concept for evading the URL filtering performed by Websense
claiming that Websense has failed to address the issue. However, the
vulnerability has been verified by Cisco as a problem which relies
within its handling of filtered requests.


Vulnerability Details:

The vulnerability exists primarily due to the manner in which Cisco PIX
and other Cisco filtering devices handle split packets in conjunction
with Websense Enterprise integration.

For each HTTP request the Cisco PIX or other Cisco device forwards
individual packets to Websense to determine whether or not the request
should be permitted.
However, when splitting the HTTP request into two or more packets on the
HTTP method it is possible to circumvent the filtering mechanism.

Additionally, requests using this fragmented approach do not appear to
be logged within Websense indicating that the request is never sent to
Websense for policy inspection.

The simplest form required to exploit this vulnerability is to fragment
the first character of the HTTP request, followed by a single TCP packet
for subsequent data (e.g. setting the PSH flag on the individual packets).

Virtual Security Research has created a utility[3] to demonstrate the
ability to bypass Websense filtering for the affected versions of Cisco
filtering devices enumerated in this advisory header. You may download
and run this utility at your own risk from:

http://www.vsecurity.com/tools/WebsenseBypassProxy.java

The following Snort output demonstrates the fragmented request capable
of bypassing Websense:

-
-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-
11/04-10:06:36.260991 0:B:DB:DE:19:87 -> 0:0:C:7:AC:5 type:0x800 len:0x43
10.254.5.113:58034 -> 82.165.25.125:80 TCP TTL:64 TOS:0x0 ID:1534
IpLen:20 DgmLen:53 DF
***AP*** Seq: 0xF5B80F51 Ack: 0x21D6E47 Win: 0x8040 TcpLen: 32
TCP Options (3) => NOP NOP TS: 148674 160066961
47 G

=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+

11/04-10:06:36.359288 0:30:7B:93:19:4C -> 0:B:DB:DE:19:87 type:0x800
len:0x42
82.165.25.125:80 -> 10.254.5.113:58034 TCP TTL:49 TOS:0x0 ID:36972
IpLen:20 DgmLen:52 DF
***A**** Seq: 0x21D6E47 Ack: 0xF5B80F52 Win: 0x16A0 TcpLen: 32
TCP Options (3) => NOP NOP TS: 160066973 148674

=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+

11/04-10:06:36.359387 0:B:DB:DE:19:87 -> 0:0:C:7:AC:5 type:0x800 len:0x185
10.254.5.113:58034 -> 82.165.25.125:80 TCP TTL:64 TOS:0x0 ID:1535
IpLen:20 DgmLen:375 DF
***AP*** Seq: 0xF5B80F52 Ack: 0x21D6E47 Win: 0x8040 TcpLen: 32
TCP Options (3) => NOP NOP TS: 148683 160066973
45 54 20 2F 66 61 76 69 63 6F 6E 2E 69 63 6F 20 ET /favicon.ico
48 54 54 50 2F 31 2E 31 0D 0A 48 6F 73 74 3A 20 HTTP/1.1..Host:
77 77 77 2E 70 68 72 61 63 6B 2E 6F 72 67 0D 0A www.phrack.org..
55 73 65 72 2D 41 67 65 6E 74 3A 20 4D 6F 7A 69 User-Agent: Mozi
6C 6C 61 2F 35 2E 30 20 28 58 31 31 3B 20 55 3B lla/5.0 (X11; U;
20 46 72 65 65 42 53 44 20 69 33 38 36 3B 20 65 FreeBSD i386; e
6E 2D 55 53 3B 20 72 76 3A 31 2E 37 2E 39 29 20 n-US; rv:1.7.9)
47 65 63 6B 6F 2F 32 30 30 35 30 37 31 38 20 46 Gecko/20050718 F
69 72 65 66 6F 78 2F 31 2E 30 2E 35 0D 0A 41 63 irefox/1.0.5..Ac
63 65 70 74 3A 20 69 6D 61 67 65 2F 70 6E 67 2C cept: image/png,
2A 2F 2A 3B 71 3D 30 2E 35 0D 0A 41 63 63 65 70 */*;q=0.5..Accep
74 2D 4C 61 6E 67 75 61 67 65 3A 20 65 6E 2D 75 t-Language: en-u
73 2C 65 6E 3B 71 3D 30 2E 35 0D 0A 41 63 63 65 s,en;q=0.5..Acce
70 74 2D 45 6E 63 6F 64 69 6E 67 3A 20 67 7A 69 pt-Encoding: gzi
70 2C 64 65 66 6C 61 74 65 0D 0A 41 63 63 65 70 p,deflate..Accep
74 2D 43 68 61 72 73 65 74 3A 20 49 53 4F 2D 38 t-Charset: ISO-8
38 35 39 2D 31 2C 75 74 66 2D 38 3B 71 3D 30 2E 859-1,utf-8;q=0.
37 2C 2A 3B 71 3D 30 2E 37 0D 0A 4B 65 65 70 2D 7,*;q=0.7..Keep-
41 6C 69 76 65 3A 20 63 6C 6F 73 65 0D 0A 43 6F Alive: close..Co
6E 6E 65 63 74 69 6F 6E 3A 20 63 6C 6F 73 65 0D nnection: close.
0A 0D 0A ...

=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+

11/04-10:06:36.458004 0:30:7B:93:19:4C -> 0:B:DB:DE:19:87 type:0x800
len:0x42
82.165.25.125:80 -> 10.254.5.113:58034 TCP TTL:49 TOS:0x0 ID:55157
IpLen:20 DgmLen:52 DF
***A**** Seq: 0x21D6E47 Ack: 0xF5B81095 Win: 0x1920 TcpLen: 32
TCP Options (3) => NOP NOP TS: 160066982 148683

-
-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-



Vendor Response:

WebSense and Cisco were first notified on 2005-11-04. While no responses
or acknowledgments were received from Websense the following time line
outlines the responses from Cisco regarding this issue:

2005-11-04 - Acknowledgment of security notification
2005-12-02 - Subsequent follow-up and response from Cisco to determine
cause of observed behavior
2006-01-04 - Subsequent follow-up and response from Cisco acknowledging
issue is being addressed by development teams
2006-01-30 - Estimated release of PIX code for 7.0.4 release is
2/20/2006
2006-02-17 - Notified by Cisco that fix will not make estimated
delivery date due to regression issues, new release data
of 3/20/2006 provided
2006-03-06 - Status update from vendor on new date, targets on track
for 7.0 PIX OS release
2006-03-13 - Confirmation from Cisco on 3/20 code release
2006-03-17 - Communications from Cisco notifying VSR of other potential
products affected (FWSM).
2006-03-24 - Communications received from Cisco acknowledging
communication with FWSM team
2006-04-04 - Communication received from Cisco acknowledging FWSM
vulnerability
2006-04-07 - Communications from Cisco confirming fixes for FWSM 2.3.x
and 3.x PSIRT awaiting release date for code
2006-04-14 - Communications from Cisco providing coordination details
with FWSM team
2006-04-18 - Communications from Cisco providing build details
incorporating fixes for FWSM products
2006-04-26 - Communications from Cisco providing details and update on
FWSM testing and release availability; coordination for
advisory release
2006-05-04 - Communications from Cisco for advisory release
coordination

Recommendation:

Cisco PIX/ASA and FWSM customers should apply the latest upgrades from
vendor:

PIX OS 7.0.x upgrade is:
7.0.4.12

available at:
http://www.cisco.com/cgi-bin/tablebuild.pl/pix-interim
http://www.cisco.com/cgi-bin/tablebuild.pl/asa-interim


PIX OS 6.3 upgrade is:
6.3.5(112)

available by customer request via the Cisco TAC


FWSM 2.3.x upgrade is:
2.3(4)

available at:
http://www.cisco.com/cgi-bin/tablebuild.pl/cat6000-fwsm

FWSM 3.x upgrade is:
3.1(1.7)

available by customer request via the Cisco TAC



-
-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-

Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) Information:

The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has assigned
the following names to these issues. These are candidates for
inclusion in the CVE list (http://cve.mitre.org), which standardizes
names for security problems.

CVE-2006-0515

-
-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-

References:

1. WebSense Enterprise
http://www.websense.com/global/en/ProductsServices/WebsenseEnterprise/

2. Sinhack.net URL Filtering Evasion
http://sinhack.net/URLFilteringEvasion/

3. Proof-of-Concept WebSense Bypass utility
http://www.vsecurity.com/tools/WebsenseBypassProxy.java

-
-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-

Vulnerability Disclosure Policy:

http://www.vsecurity.com/disclosurepolicy.html

-
-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=

Copyright 2006 Virtual Security Research, LLC. All rights reserved.


-----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE-----
Version: GnuPG v1.4.1 (Darwin)

iD8DBQFEX2nxTY6Rj3GeBOoRAucJAKCM5Bvtn/hyuDSC/87eLEIPDLZmSgCffMYc
zVXMT1rLZxcJ0PDF4qWjlDQ=
=LrNn
-----END PGP SIGNATURE-----
Login or Register to add favorites

File Archive:

September 2021

  • Su
  • Mo
  • Tu
  • We
  • Th
  • Fr
  • Sa
  • 1
    Sep 1st
    14 Files
  • 2
    Sep 2nd
    19 Files
  • 3
    Sep 3rd
    9 Files
  • 4
    Sep 4th
    1 Files
  • 5
    Sep 5th
    2 Files
  • 6
    Sep 6th
    3 Files
  • 7
    Sep 7th
    12 Files
  • 8
    Sep 8th
    22 Files
  • 9
    Sep 9th
    17 Files
  • 10
    Sep 10th
    19 Files
  • 11
    Sep 11th
    3 Files
  • 12
    Sep 12th
    2 Files
  • 13
    Sep 13th
    15 Files
  • 14
    Sep 14th
    16 Files
  • 15
    Sep 15th
    15 Files
  • 16
    Sep 16th
    7 Files
  • 17
    Sep 17th
    13 Files
  • 18
    Sep 18th
    2 Files
  • 19
    Sep 19th
    2 Files
  • 20
    Sep 20th
    14 Files
  • 21
    Sep 21st
    0 Files
  • 22
    Sep 22nd
    0 Files
  • 23
    Sep 23rd
    0 Files
  • 24
    Sep 24th
    0 Files
  • 25
    Sep 25th
    0 Files
  • 26
    Sep 26th
    0 Files
  • 27
    Sep 27th
    0 Files
  • 28
    Sep 28th
    0 Files
  • 29
    Sep 29th
    0 Files
  • 30
    Sep 30th
    0 Files

Top Authors In Last 30 Days

File Tags

Systems

packet storm

© 2020 Packet Storm. All rights reserved.

Services
Security Services
Hosting By
Rokasec
close