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ModSecurity 3.0.x Denial Of Service

ModSecurity 3.0.x Denial Of Service
Posted Sep 15, 2020
Authored by Christian Folini

ModSecurity version 3.0.x suffers from a denial of service vulnerability due to the handling of regular expression matching. ModSecurity version 3.0.x is affected by a denial of service vulnerability due to the global matching of regular expressions. The combination of a non-anchored regular expression and the ModSecurity capture action can be exploited via a specially crafted payload.

tags | advisory, denial of service
advisories | CVE-2020-15598
MD5 | 6c7a24af5770f5587eb8f7c4b25d2b7b

ModSecurity 3.0.x Denial Of Service

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ModSecurity v3.0.x is affected by a Denial of Service vulnerability due to the
global matching of regular expressions. The combination of a non-anchored
regular expression and the ModSecurity “capture” action can be exploited via a
specially crafted payload.

While ModSecurity v2.x used to quit the execution of a regular expression
after the first match. ModSecurity v3.0.x silently changed the behavior to
global matching. This results in a DoS for existing non-anchored regexes in
rules containing the “capture” action. It also fills the TX variable space
beyond the documented limit of 10 instances. The defense is handicapped due to
the absence of the SecRequestBodyNoFilesLimit directive. The vendor Trustwave
Spiderlabs dropped this functionality for ModSecurity v3.

The vendor did not publish a new release, but there is a patch that brings
back the former behavior.

CVSSv3: 7.5 HIGH

https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln-metrics/cvss/v3-calculator?vector=AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H&version=3.1

Exploitability Metrics:
* Attack Vector: Network
* Attack Complexity: Low
* Priviledges Required: None
* User Interaction: None
* Scope: Unchanged
Impact Metrics:
* Confidentiality Impact: None
* Integrity Impact: None
* Availability Impact: High

Weakness Enumeration: CWE-400: Uncontrolled Resource Consumption

Known Affected Software Configurations:

ModSecurity v3.0.0
ModSecurity v3.0.1
ModSecurity v3.0.2
ModSecurity v3.0.3
ModSecurity v3.0.4 (patch for this version available

More Information: https://coreruleset.org/20200914/cve-2020-15598/



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