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Trango Altum AC600 Default Root Login
Posted Jan 7, 2017
Authored by Ian Ling

Trango Altum AC600 suffers from a default root login backdoor vulnerability.

tags | exploit, root
MD5 | 3e2314c3c95f15a506f34252375e6de3
PHPMailer Sendmail Argument Injection
Posted Jan 4, 2017
Authored by Dawid Golunski, Spencer McIntyre | Site metasploit.com

PHPMailer versions up to and including 5.2.19 are affected by a vulnerability which can be leveraged by an attacker to write a file with partially controlled contents to an arbitrary location through injection of arguments that are passed to the sendmail binary. This Metasploit module writes a payload to the web root of the webserver before then executing it with an HTTP request. The user running PHPMailer must have write access to the specified WEB_ROOT directory and successful exploitation can take a few minutes.

tags | exploit, web, arbitrary, root
advisories | CVE-2016-10033, CVE-2016-10045
MD5 | a8dc72e0680b992ed76e35257184f274
Kaspersky SSL Interception Differentiation
Posted Jan 3, 2017
Authored by Tavis Ormandy, Google Security Research

In order to inspect encrypted data streams using SSL/TLS, Kaspersky installs a WFP driver to intercept all outgoing HTTPS connections. They effectively proxy SSL connections, inserting their own certificate as a trusted authority in the system store and then replace all leaf certificates on-the-fly. This is why if you examine a certificate when using Kaspersky Antivirus, the issuer appears to be "Kaspersky Anti-Virus Personal Root". Kaspersky's certificate interception has previously resulted in serious vulnerabilities, but quick review finds many simple problems still exist. For example, the way leaf certificates are cached uses an extremely naive fingerprinting technique. Kaspersky cache recently generated certificates in memory in case the user agent initiates another connection. In order to do this, Kaspersky fetches the certificate chain and then checks if it's already generated a matching leaf certificate in the cache. If it has, it just grabs the existing certificate and private key and then reuses it for the new connection. The cache is a binary tree, and as new leaf certificates and keys are generated, they're inserted using the first 32 bits of MD5(serialNumber||issuer) as the key. If a match is found for a key, they just pull the previously generated certificate and key out of the binary tree and start using it to relay data to the user-agent. You don't have to be a cryptographer to understand a 32bit key is not enough to prevent brute-forcing a collision in seconds. In fact, producing a collision with any other certificate is trivial.

tags | exploit, web, root, vulnerability, virus
MD5 | 2546662d9e3ac6122c369f4d26198f24
Kaspersky Local CA Root Protected Incorrectly
Posted Jan 3, 2017
Authored by Tavis Ormandy, Google Security Research

Kaspersky fails to adequately protect its local CA root.

tags | advisory, local, root
MD5 | 2f3e65e92f2365a4a0e084696bd1c4c7
Android get_user/put_user Exploit
Posted Dec 26, 2016
Authored by timwr, fi01, cubeundcube | Site metasploit.com

This Metasploit module exploits a missing check in the get_user and put_user API functions in the linux kernel before 3.5.5. The missing checks on these functions allow an unprivileged user to read and write kernel memory. This exploit first reads the kernel memory to identify the commit_creds and ptmx_fops address, then uses the write primitive to execute shellcode as uid 0. The exploit was first discovered in the wild in the vroot rooting application.

tags | exploit, kernel, root, shellcode
systems | linux
advisories | CVE-2013-6282
MD5 | 6ac7470332daea5b3fb0c0b2de23f30c
Gentoo Linux Security Advisory 201612-47
Posted Dec 24, 2016
Authored by Gentoo | Site security.gentoo.org

Gentoo Linux Security Advisory 201612-47 - Multiple vulnerabilities have been found in Samba, the worst of which may allow execution of arbitrary code with root privileges. Versions less than 4.2.11 are affected.

tags | advisory, arbitrary, root, vulnerability
systems | linux, gentoo
advisories | CVE-2015-3223, CVE-2015-5252, CVE-2015-5296, CVE-2015-5299, CVE-2015-5330, CVE-2015-7540, CVE-2015-8467, CVE-2016-2110, CVE-2016-2111, CVE-2016-2112, CVE-2016-2113, CVE-2016-2114, CVE-2016-2115, CVE-2016-2118
MD5 | 5d0bbf9be3b6a8b8128b3fdfd0cf42f5
OpenSSH Local Privilege Escalation
Posted Dec 23, 2016
Authored by Jann Horn, Google Security Research

OpenSSH can forward TCP sockets and UNIX domain sockets. If privilege separation is disabled, then on the server side, the forwarding is handled by a child of sshd that has root privileges. For TCP server sockets, sshd explicitly checks whether an attempt is made to bind to a low port (below IPPORT_RESERVED) and, if so, requires the client to authenticate as root. However, for UNIX domain sockets, no such security measures are implemented. This means that, using "ssh -L", an attacker who is permitted to log in as a normal user over SSH can effectively connect to non-abstract unix domain sockets with root privileges. On systems that run systemd, this can for example be exploited by asking systemd to add an LD_PRELOAD environment variable for all following daemon launches and then asking it to restart cron or so. The attached exploit demonstrates this - if it is executed on a system with systemd where the user is allowed to ssh to his own account and where privsep is disabled, it yields a root shell.

tags | exploit, shell, root, tcp
systems | unix
advisories | CVE-2016-10010
MD5 | b93e78906a304aa126934a6c44a6999b
Red Hat Security Advisory 2016-2927-01
Posted Dec 8, 2016
Authored by Red Hat | Site access.redhat.com

Red Hat Security Advisory 2016-2927-01 - MariaDB is a multi-user, multi-threaded SQL database server. For all practical purposes, MariaDB is binary-compatible with MySQL. The following packages have been upgraded to a newer upstream version: rh-mariadb100-mariadb. Security Fix: It was discovered that the MariaDB logging functionality allowed writing to MariaDB configuration files. An administrative database user, or a database user with FILE privileges, could possibly use this flaw to run arbitrary commands with root privileges on the system running the database server.

tags | advisory, arbitrary, root
systems | linux, redhat
advisories | CVE-2016-3492, CVE-2016-5612, CVE-2016-5616, CVE-2016-5624, CVE-2016-5626, CVE-2016-5629, CVE-2016-5630, CVE-2016-6662, CVE-2016-6663, CVE-2016-8283
MD5 | 102a51eb5bc00a8148e7a4dbd499ac9a
Red Hat Security Advisory 2016-2928-01
Posted Dec 8, 2016
Authored by Red Hat | Site access.redhat.com

Red Hat Security Advisory 2016-2928-01 - MariaDB is a multi-user, multi-threaded SQL database server. For all practical purposes, MariaDB is binary-compatible with MySQL. The following packages have been upgraded to a newer upstream version: rh-mariadb101-mariadb. Security Fix: It was discovered that the MariaDB logging functionality allowed writing to MariaDB configuration files. An administrative database user, or a database user with FILE privileges, could possibly use this flaw to run arbitrary commands with root privileges on the system running the database server.

tags | advisory, arbitrary, root
systems | linux, redhat
advisories | CVE-2016-3492, CVE-2016-5616, CVE-2016-5624, CVE-2016-5626, CVE-2016-5629, CVE-2016-6662, CVE-2016-6663, CVE-2016-8283
MD5 | 0563edb6c98cbf79f71ed3b6d5b13815
Sony IPELA ENGINE IP Cameras Backdoor Accounts
Posted Dec 6, 2016
Authored by Stefan Viehbock | Site sec-consult.com

Sony IPELA ENGINE IP Cameras contain multiple backdoors that, among other functionality, allow an attacker to enable the Telnet/SSH service for remote administration over the network. Other available functionality may have undesired effects to the camera image quality or other camera functionality. After enabling Telnet/SSH, another backdoor allows an attacker to gain access to a Linux shell with root privileges.

tags | exploit, remote, shell, root
systems | linux
MD5 | 4de5c510fc38fb6a30c60e297e892ce3
Red Hat Security Advisory 2016-2872-01
Posted Dec 6, 2016
Authored by Red Hat | Site access.redhat.com

Red Hat Security Advisory 2016-2872-01 - The sudo packages contain the sudo utility which allows system administrators to provide certain users with the permission to execute privileged commands, which are used for system management purposes, without having to log in as root. Security Fix: It was discovered that the sudo noexec restriction could have been bypassed if application run via sudo executed system(), popen(), or wordexp() C library functions with a user supplied argument. A local user permitted to run such application via sudo with noexec restriction could use these flaws to execute arbitrary commands with elevated privileges.

tags | advisory, arbitrary, local, root
systems | linux, redhat
advisories | CVE-2016-7032, CVE-2016-7076
MD5 | 8281c131c11d2eb89473e9264c862e54
BlackStratus LOGStorm 4.5.1.35 / 4.5.1.96 Remote Root
Posted Dec 5, 2016
Authored by Jeremy Brown

BlackStratus LOGStorm has multiple vulnerabilities that allow a remote unauthenticated user, among other things, to assume complete control over the virtual appliance with root privileges. This is possible due to multiple network servers listening for network connections by default, allowing authorization with undocumented credentials supported by appliance's OS, web interface and sql server. Versions 4.5.1.35 and 4.5.1.96 are affected.

tags | exploit, remote, web, root, vulnerability
MD5 | 229e9c7351054e6f28651057eb3cffda
Shuttle Tech ADSL Wireless 920 WM XSS / Directory Traversal
Posted Dec 5, 2016
Authored by Mojtaba MobhaM

Shuttle Tech ADSL Wireless 920 WM suffers from cross site scripting, directory traversal, and default telnet root password vulnerabilities.

tags | exploit, root, vulnerability, xss, file inclusion
MD5 | 12cc6978db8c204b2d1073780c184793
Gentoo Linux Security Advisory 201612-02
Posted Dec 2, 2016
Authored by Gentoo | Site security.gentoo.org

Gentoo Linux Security Advisory 201612-2 - A vulnerability in DavFS2 allows local users to gain root privileges. Versions less than 1.5.2 are affected.

tags | advisory, local, root
systems | linux, gentoo
advisories | CVE-2013-4362
MD5 | 4e079eb7da6849b7f9010671f8c60158
Linux Kernel 4.6.3 Netfilter Privilege Escalation
Posted Nov 23, 2016
Authored by h00die, vnik | Site metasploit.com

This Metasploit module attempts to exploit a netfilter bug on Linux Kernels before 4.6.3, and currently only works against Ubuntu 16.04 (not 16.04.1) with kernel 4.4.0-21-generic. Several conditions have to be met for successful exploitation.

tags | exploit, kernel, root
systems | linux, fedora, ubuntu
advisories | CVE-2016-4997
MD5 | 3749f597d7dba9ade2186bcc9aef3668
Red Hat Security Advisory 2016-2807-01
Posted Nov 17, 2016
Authored by Red Hat | Site access.redhat.com

Red Hat Security Advisory 2016-2807-01 - Apache Tomcat is a servlet container for the Java Servlet and JavaServer Pages technologies. This release of Red Hat JBoss Web Server 2.1.2 serves as a replacement for Red Hat JBoss Web Server 2.1.1. It contains security fixes for the Tomcat 7 component. Only users of the Tomcat 7 component in JBoss Web Server need to apply the fixes delivered in this release. Security Fix: A CSRF flaw was found in Tomcat's the index pages for the Manager and Host Manager applications. These applications included a valid CSRF token when issuing a redirect as a result of an unauthenticated request to the root of the web application. This token could then be used by an attacker to perform a CSRF attack.

tags | advisory, java, web, root
systems | linux, redhat
advisories | CVE-2015-5346, CVE-2015-5351, CVE-2016-0706, CVE-2016-0714, CVE-2016-0763, CVE-2016-3092
MD5 | 59ee23a6b963dac94a9705e7751ca1ca
Red Hat Security Advisory 2016-2808-01
Posted Nov 17, 2016
Authored by Red Hat | Site access.redhat.com

Red Hat Security Advisory 2016-2808-01 - This release of Red Hat JBoss Web Server 2.1.2 serves as a replacement for Red Hat JBoss Web Server 2.1.1. It contains security fixes for the Tomcat 7 component. Only users of the Tomcat 7 component in JBoss Web Server need to apply the fixes delivered in this release. Security Fix: A CSRF flaw was found in Tomcat's the index pages for the Manager and Host Manager applications. These applications included a valid CSRF token when issuing a redirect as a result of an unauthenticated request to the root of the web application. This token could then be used by an attacker to perform a CSRF attack.

tags | advisory, web, root
systems | linux, redhat
advisories | CVE-2015-5346, CVE-2015-5351, CVE-2016-0706, CVE-2016-0714, CVE-2016-0763, CVE-2016-3092
MD5 | e6eedfc380324ddb869900976a7b4192
Nginx Root Privilege Escalation
Posted Nov 16, 2016
Authored by Dawid Golunski

Nginx web server packaging on Debian-based distributions such as Debian or Ubuntu was found to create log directories with insecure permissions which can be exploited by malicious local attackers to escalate their privileges from nginx/web user (www-data) to root. The vulnerability could be easily exploited by attackers who have managed to compromise a web application hosted on Nginx server and gained access to www-data account as it would allow them to escalate their privileges further to root access and fully compromise the system. This is fixed in 1.6.2-5+deb8u3 package on Debian and 1.10.0-0ubuntu0.16.04.3 on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS. UPDATE 2017/01/13 - nginx packages below version 1.10.2-r3 on Gentoo are also affected.

tags | exploit, web, local, root
systems | linux, debian, ubuntu
advisories | CVE-2016-1247
MD5 | a18720c4e6d5445fab2ac18439149c1f
Cryptsetup 2:1.7.3-2 Root Initramfs Shell
Posted Nov 16, 2016
Authored by Hector Marco, Ismael Ripoll

A vulnerability in Cryptsetup, concretely in the scripts that unlock the system partition when the partition is ciphered using LUKS (Linux Unified Key Setup). This vulnerability allows to obtain a root initramfs shell on affected systems. The vulnerability is very reliable because it doesn't depend on specific systems or configurations. Attackers can copy, modify or destroy the hard disc as well as set up the network to data. In cloud environments it is also possible to remotely exploit this vulnerability without having "physical access". Cryptsetup versions 2:1.7.3-2 and below are affected.

tags | advisory, shell, root
systems | linux
advisories | CVE-2016-4484
MD5 | 7c810b6c29e27d96a80e6a4b8a3f8d03
Red Hat Security Advisory 2016-2749-01
Posted Nov 15, 2016
Authored by Red Hat | Site access.redhat.com

Red Hat Security Advisory 2016-2749-01 - MySQL is a multi-user, multi-threaded SQL database server. It consists of the MySQL server daemon, mysqld, and many client programs. The following packages have been upgraded to a newer upstream version: rh-mysql56-mysql. Security Fix: It was discovered that the MySQL logging functionality allowed writing to MySQL configuration files. An administrative database user, or a database user with FILE privileges, could possibly use this flaw to run arbitrary commands with root privileges on the system running the database server.

tags | advisory, arbitrary, root
systems | linux, redhat
advisories | CVE-2016-3492, CVE-2016-5507, CVE-2016-5616, CVE-2016-5617, CVE-2016-5626, CVE-2016-5629, CVE-2016-6662, CVE-2016-6663, CVE-2016-6664, CVE-2016-8283
MD5 | 0e5896714ac772d84a8ad0e7b8c11c19
Trango Systems Backdoor Root Account
Posted Nov 12, 2016
Authored by Ian Ling

Trango devices all have a built-in, hidden root account, with a default password that is the same across many devices and software revisions. This account is accessible via ssh and grants access to the underlying embedded unix OS on the device, allowing full control over it. Recent software updates for some models have changed this password, but have not removed this backdoor.

tags | exploit, root
systems | unix
MD5 | 5c14cfd9571da77e49d19b910dce3ea2
Observium Remote Command Execution
Posted Nov 11, 2016
Site computest.nl

During a recent penetration test Computest found and exploited various issues in Observium, going from unauthenticated user to full shell access as root.

tags | advisory, shell, root
MD5 | f3ac229c071c2690f48c6b8bdf0de332
Red Hat Security Advisory 2016-2675-01
Posted Nov 8, 2016
Authored by Red Hat | Site access.redhat.com

Red Hat Security Advisory 2016-2675-01 - The Pacemaker cluster resource manager is a collection of technologies working together to provide data integrity and the ability to maintain application availability in the event of a failure. Security Fix: An authorization flaw was found in Pacemaker, where it did not properly guard its IPC interface. An attacker with an unprivileged account on a Pacemaker node could use this flaw to, for example, force the Local Resource Manager daemon to execute a script as root and thereby gain root access on the machine.

tags | advisory, local, root
systems | linux, redhat
advisories | CVE-2016-7035
MD5 | 63673cbb36cbe7598d24b5bc1b93c4fa
Red Hat Security Advisory 2016-2588-02
Posted Nov 4, 2016
Authored by Red Hat | Site access.redhat.com

Red Hat Security Advisory 2016-2588-02 - OpenSSH is an SSH protocol implementation supported by a number of Linux, UNIX, and similar operating systems. It includes the core files necessary for both the OpenSSH client and server. Security Fix: It was discovered that the OpenSSH sshd daemon fetched PAM environment settings before running the login program. In configurations with UseLogin=yes and the pam_env PAM module configured to read user environment settings, a local user could use this flaw to execute arbitrary code as root.

tags | advisory, arbitrary, local, root, protocol
systems | linux, redhat, unix
advisories | CVE-2015-8325
MD5 | 1f74bb6c78520f64ed0634ad7288c4d1
Red Hat Security Advisory 2016-2634-01
Posted Nov 4, 2016
Authored by Red Hat | Site access.redhat.com

Red Hat Security Advisory 2016-2634-01 - Docker is an open-source engine that automates the deployment of any application as a lightweight, portable, self-sufficient container that will run virtually anywhere. Security Fix: It was found that Docker would launch containers under the specified UID instead of a username. An attacker able to launch a container could use this flaw to escalate their privileges to root within the launched container.

tags | advisory, root
systems | linux, redhat
advisories | CVE-2016-3697
MD5 | 39179bb2038c0ab4bd2084ce83e610ec
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