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CVE-2019-1543

Status Candidate

Overview

ChaCha20-Poly1305 is an AEAD cipher, and requires a unique nonce input for every encryption operation. RFC 7539 specifies that the nonce value (IV) should be 96 bits (12 bytes). OpenSSL allows a variable nonce length and front pads the nonce with 0 bytes if it is less than 12 bytes. However it also incorrectly allows a nonce to be set of up to 16 bytes. In this case only the last 12 bytes are significant and any additional leading bytes are ignored. It is a requirement of using this cipher that nonce values are unique. Messages encrypted using a reused nonce value are susceptible to serious confidentiality and integrity attacks. If an application changes the default nonce length to be longer than 12 bytes and then makes a change to the leading bytes of the nonce expecting the new value to be a new unique nonce then such an application could inadvertently encrypt messages with a reused nonce. Additionally the ignored bytes in a long nonce are not covered by the integrity guarantee of this cipher. Any application that relies on the integrity of these ignored leading bytes of a long nonce may be further affected. Any OpenSSL internal use of this cipher, including in SSL/TLS, is safe because no such use sets such a long nonce value. However user applications that use this cipher directly and set a non-default nonce length to be longer than 12 bytes may be vulnerable. OpenSSL versions 1.1.1 and 1.1.0 are affected by this issue. Due to the limited scope of affected deployments this has been assessed as low severity and therefore we are not creating new releases at this time. Fixed in OpenSSL 1.1.1c (Affected 1.1.1-1.1.1b). Fixed in OpenSSL 1.1.0k (Affected 1.1.0-1.1.0j).

Related Files

Red Hat Security Advisory 2019-3700-01
Posted Nov 6, 2019
Authored by Red Hat | Site access.redhat.com

Red Hat Security Advisory 2019-3700-01 - OpenSSL is a toolkit that implements the Secure Sockets Layer and Transport Layer Security protocols, as well as a full-strength general-purpose cryptography library. Side channel attack flaws were addressed.

tags | advisory, protocol
systems | linux, redhat
advisories | CVE-2018-0734, CVE-2018-0735, CVE-2019-1543
SHA-256 | b45979ae156a4cbf1811b3f75a60b0c4f97093e263ed72e33581b4ff6bb10291
Debian Security Advisory 4475-1
Posted Jul 2, 2019
Authored by Debian | Site debian.org

Debian Linux Security Advisory 4475-1 - Joran Dirk Greef discovered that overly long nonces used with ChaCha20-Poly1305 were incorrectly processed and could result in nonce reuse. This doesn't affect OpenSSL-internal uses of ChaCha20-Poly1305 such as TLS.

tags | advisory
systems | linux, debian
advisories | CVE-2019-1543
SHA-256 | 8a82295f693a8e02f4a20371589e94ce9f7cfe37f66852ba85d462dce1da820d
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