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OpenSSL Security Advisory 20120104

OpenSSL Security Advisory 20120104
Posted Jan 4, 2012
Site openssl.org

OpenSSL Security Advisory 20120104 - Nadhem Alfardan and Kenny Paterson have discovered an extension of the Vaudenay padding oracle attack on CBC mode encryption which enables an efficient plaintext recovery attack against the OpenSSL implementation of DTLS. Their attack exploits timing differences arising during decryption processing. Other issues were also addressed.

tags | advisory
advisories | CVE-2011-4108, CVE-2011-4109, CVE-2011-4576, CVE-2011-4577, CVE-2011-4619, CVE-2012-0027
SHA-256 | 763f9093ee4fa9f5c169a2cd1bfec76d591dd7cd15c38aa505ca11856997aeec

OpenSSL Security Advisory 20120104

Change Mirror Download
OpenSSL Security Advisory [04 Jan 2012]
=======================================

Six security flaws have been fixed in OpenSSL 1.0.0f and 0.9.8s.

DTLS Plaintext Recovery Attack (CVE-2011-4108)
==============================================

Nadhem Alfardan and Kenny Paterson have discovered an extension of the
Vaudenay padding oracle attack on CBC mode encryption which enables an
efficient plaintext recovery attack against the OpenSSL implementation
of DTLS. Their attack exploits timing differences arising during
decryption processing. A research paper describing this attack can be
found at http://www.isg.rhul.ac.uk/~kp/dtls.pdf

Thanks go to Nadhem Alfardan and Kenny Paterson of the Information
Security Group at Royal Holloway, University of London
(www.isg.rhul.ac.uk) for discovering this flaw and to Robin Seggelmann
<seggelmann@fh-muenster.de> and Michael Tuexen <tuexen@fh-muenster.de>
for preparing the fix.

Affected users should upgrade to OpenSSL 1.0.0f or 0.9.8s.

Double-free in Policy Checks (CVE-2011-4109)
============================================

If X509_V_FLAG_POLICY_CHECK is set in OpenSSL 0.9.8, then a policy
check failure can lead to a double-free. The bug does not occur
unless this flag is set. Users of OpenSSL 1.0.0 are not affected.

This flaw was discovered by Ben Laurie and a fix provided by Emilia
Kasper <ekasper@google.com> of Google.

Affected users should upgrade to OpenSSL 0.9.8s.

Uninitialized SSL 3.0 Padding (CVE-2011-4576)
=============================================

OpenSSL prior to 1.0.0f and 0.9.8s failed to clear the bytes used as
block cipher padding in SSL 3.0 records. This affects both clients and
servers that accept SSL 3.0 handshakes: those that call SSL_CTX_new with
SSLv3_{server|client}_method or SSLv23_{server|client}_method. It does
not affect TLS.

As a result, in each record, up to 15 bytes of uninitialized memory
may be sent, encrypted, to the SSL peer. This could include sensitive
contents of previously freed memory.

However, in practice, most deployments do not use
SSL_MODE_RELEASE_BUFFERS and therefore have a single write buffer per
connection. That write buffer is partially filled with non-sensitive,
handshake data at the beginning of the connection and, thereafter,
only records which are longer any any previously sent record leak any
non-encrypted data. This, combined with the small number of bytes
leaked per record, serves to limit to severity of this issue.

Thanks to Adam Langley <agl@chromium.org> for identifying and fixing
this issue.

Affected users should upgrade to OpenSSL 1.0.0f or 0.9.8s.

Malformed RFC 3779 Data Can Cause Assertion Failures (CVE-2011-4577)
====================================================================

RFC 3779 data can be included in certificates, and if it is malformed,
may trigger an assertion failure. This could be used in a
denial-of-service attack.

Note, however, that in the standard release of OpenSSL, RFC 3779
support is disabled by default, and in this case OpenSSL is not
vulnerable. Builds of OpenSSL are vulnerable if configured with
"enable-rfc3779".

Thanks to Andrew Chi, BBN Technologies, for discovering the flaw, and
Rob Austein <sra@hactrn.net> for fixing it.

Affected users should upgrade to OpenSSL 1.0.0f or 0.9.8s.

SGC Restart DoS Attack (CVE-2011-4619)
======================================

Support for handshake restarts for server gated cryptograpy (SGC) can
be used in a denial-of-service attack.

Thanks to George Kadianakis <desnacked@gmail.com> for identifying
this issue and to Adam Langley <agl@chromium.org> for fixing it.

Affected users should upgrade to OpenSSL 1.0.0f or 0.9.8s.

Invalid GOST parameters DoS Attack (CVE-2012-0027)
===================================================

A malicious TLS client can send an invalid set of GOST parameters
which will cause the server to crash due to lack of error checking.
This could be used in a denial-of-service attack.

Only users of the OpenSSL GOST ENGINE are affected by this bug.

Thanks to Andrey Kulikov <amdeich@gmail.com> for identifying and fixing
this issue.

Affected users should upgrade to OpenSSL 1.0.0f.

References
==========

URL for this Security Advisory:
https://www.openssl.org/news/secadv_20120104.txt

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