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A Short Tale Of Proxy Leakage

A Short Tale Of Proxy Leakage
Posted Oct 22, 2020
Authored by David Coomber

A brief write up discussing disclosure of internal IPs and hostnames from Apple bots leveraging Via and X-Forwarded-For headers.

tags | paper
systems | apple
SHA-256 | b673e03e8e1aa51151d99f5859b00763aeba232a9176600740c438ec5fb79def

A Short Tale Of Proxy Leakage

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A (Short) Tale Of Proxy Leakage

On any given day, I see a fair amount of noise directed at my webserver, from bots scraping content or scanning for 'research' to attacks via Tor and thought it would be interesting to see how many connections were identifying themselves as being routed through a proxy. Although I’ve seen a couple of bots that were misconfigured, I was surprised to see Apple’s Podcast bot look for updates to my podcast using a proxy which leaked internal IPs and hostnames from the 'Via' & 'X-Forwarded-For' headers. *sample below*

Before
17.X.X.X "HEAD /mixes/podcast.jpg HTTP/1.1" 301 "iTMS" "1.1 pv50XXX.apple.com (proxy product)" "X.X.X.12"

External IP | Request | Response Code | User Agent | Via | X-Forwarded-For

After
17.X.X.X "HEAD /mixes/podcast.jpg HTTP/1.1" 301 "iTMS" "" ""

External IP | Request | Response Code | User Agent | Via | X-Forwarded-For


If you're running a forward proxy in your environment, you may want to consider removing the 'Via' & 'X-Forwarded-For' headers. *example squid.conf below*

via off
forwarded_for delete


I notified Apple on December 21, 2019 and they fully updated their proxy configuration on September 29, 2020.

-October 19, 2020

https://www.info-sec.ca/securitynotes/A-Tale-Of-Proxy-Leakage.html

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