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WebUntis 2020.12.1 Cross Site Scripting

WebUntis 2020.12.1 Cross Site Scripting
Posted Jun 9, 2020
Authored by Robin Meis

WebUntis versions 2020.12.1 and below suffer from a persistent cross site scripting vulnerability.

tags | exploit, xss
SHA-256 | 44cf3405c5bd626ee5e9944a622dbbad3958f08982063107e4df146dc7fa6815

WebUntis 2020.12.1 Cross Site Scripting

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I. VULNERABILITY
-------------------------
WebUntis 2020.12.1 - (Authenticated) Cross Site Scripting

II. BACKGROUND
-------------------------
WebUntis is a tool for schools and universities to deliver electronic timetables to their students. Depending from the activated modules it does also contain sensitive information within the integrated class-register and grade-book. Furthermore it supports private messaging.

III. DESCRIPTION
-------------------------
The private messaging component contains a persistent XSS vulnerability within the message body which allows the execution of arbitrary JavaScript in the context of the victim user's browser.

IV. History
-------------------------
The issue has been reported back in December 2019 to Untis GmbH. Against my advisories the vendor tried to fix the issue by implementing a Cross-Site-Scripting filter. Public (full) disclosure was on 22.03.2020. It turned out that the filter is not sufficient and can be easily bypassed.

V. PROOF OF CONCEPT
-------------------------
Send a new private message to any user within WebUntis containing the following message body:

<img src="test.jpg" / onerror="alert('XSS')">

Reading the message either on senders or on recipients account will cause the script to execute.

VI. BUSINESS IMPACT
-------------------------
The attacker is able to execute any JavaScript in the logged in users context. PoCs to manipulate grades and to steal API/OTP Tokens for full access using the mobile app exist.

VII. SYSTEMS AFFECTED
-------------------------
WebUntis <= 2020.12.1 (currently unfixed)

VIII. SOLUTION
-------------------------
Avoid using private messages.

IX. REFERENCES
-------------------------
https://robin.meis.space/ (German articles)

X. CREDITS
-------------------------
This vulnerability has been discovered and reported by Robin Meis (disclosure@meis.space)

XI. DISCLOSURE TIMELINE
-------------------------
11.12.2019 - Report of CSRF and XSS vulnerabilities to Untis GmbH
02.01.2020 - First Response (restored Mail from spam folder)
27.01.2020 - Offer of Bug-Bounty against NDA
meanwhile - Implementation and tests of a XSS filter by vendor
- Advised vendor to do proper HTML encoding
- Report of further XSS vulnerabilities
11.03.2020 - Limited Disclosure, one XSS vulnerability remains unfixed
12.03.2020 - Remaining issue fixed
22.03.2020 - Full Disclosure
07.06.2020 - PoC for filter bypass, Full Disclosure



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