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ABB HMI Missing Signature Verification

ABB HMI Missing Signature Verification
Posted Jun 21, 2019
Authored by xen1thLabs

ABB HMI fails to perform any signature validation checking during two different transmission methods for upgrade.

tags | exploit
advisories | CVE-2019-7229
MD5 | 59295bf0d6d95d0017ac5f04c838e376

ABB HMI Missing Signature Verification

Change Mirror Download
XL-19-005 - ABB HMI Absence of Signature Verification Vulnerability
========================================================================

Identifiers
-----------
XL-19-005
CVE-2019-7229
ABBVU-IAMF-1902003
ABBVU-IAMF-1902012


CVSS Score
----------
8.3 (AV:A/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H)


Affected vendor
---------------
ABB (new.abb.com)


Credit
------
xen1thLabs - Software Labs


Vulnerability summary
---------------------
ABB HMI uses two different transmission methods to upgrade its software components:

- Utilization of USB/SD Card to flash the device
- Remote provisioning process via ABB Panel Builder 600 over FTP

Neither of these transmission methods implement any form of encryption or authenticity checks against the new HMI software binary files.


Technical details
-----------------
Neither of the update mechanisms implement encryption or authentication checks on the new binaries of the HMI Software components. An attacker could therefore take over the HMI by manipulating these .dll or .exe files to execute arbitrary code on the system.

The following Windows CE ARM executable was pushed to the HMI target via FTP and replaced an already existing binary resulting in remote code execution.


Proof of concept
----------------
```
// Code Snippet

#pragma comment(linker, "/ENTRY:ChangedEntry /NODEFAULTLIB /SUBSYSTEM:WINDOWSCE")

void ChangedEntry()

{

printf("Remote Code Execution!");

LPCWSTR buff = L"Software Labs Remote Code Execution Proof of Concept";

LPCWSTR a = L"RCE Vuln";

MessageBox(0, buff, a, MB_OK | MB_ICONQUESTION);

}
```


Affected systems
----------------
CP620, order code: 1SAP520100R0001, revision index G1 with BSP UN31 V1.76 and prior
CP620, order code: 1SAP520100R4001, revision index G1 with BSP UN31 V1.76 and prior
CP620-WEB, order code: 1SAP520200R0001, revision index G1 with BSP UN31 V1.76 and prior
CP630, order code: 1SAP530100R0001, revision index G1 with BSP UN31 V1.76 and prior
CP630-WEB, order code: 1SAP530200R0001, revision index G1 with BSP UN31 V1.76 and prior
CP635, order code: 1SAP535100R0001, revision index G1 with BSP UN31 V1.76 and prior
CP635, order code: 1SAP535100R5001, revision index G1 with BSP UN31 V1.76 and prior
CP635-B, order code: 1SAP535100R2001, revision index G1 with BSP UN31 V1.76 and prior
CP635-WEB, order code: 1SAP535200R0001, revision index G1 with BSP UN31 V1.76 and prior
CP651, order code: 1SAP551100R0001, revision index B1 with BSP UN30 V1.76 and prior
CP651-WEB, order code: 1SAP551200R0001, revision index A0 with BSP UN30 V1.76 and prior
CP661, order code: 1SAP561100R0001, revision index B1 with BSP UN30 V1.76 and prior
CP661-WEB, order code: 1SAP561200R0001, revision index A0 with BSP UN30 V1.76 and prior
CP665, order code: 1SAP565100R0001, revision index B1 with BSP UN30 V1.76 and prior
CP665-WEB, order code: 1SAP565200R0001, revision index A0 with BSP UN30 V1.76 and prior
CP676, order code: 1SAP576100R0001, revision index B1 with BSP UN30 V1.76 and prior
CP676-WEB, order code: 1SAP576200R0001, revision index A0 with BSP UN30 V1.76 and prior


Solution
--------
ABB has not changed this, relying instead on password protection:
- ABB CP635 HMI - https://search.abb.com/library/Download.aspx?DocumentID=3ADR010376&LanguageCode=en&DocumentPartId=&Action=Launch
- ABB CP651 HMI - https://search.abb.com/library/Download.aspx?DocumentID=3ADR010402&LanguageCode=en&DocumentPartId=&Action=Launch


Disclosure timeline
-------------------
04/02/2019 - Contacted ABB requesting disclosure coordination
05/02/2019 - Provided vulnerability details
05/06/2019 - Patch available
17/06/2019 - xen1thLabs public disclosure


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