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Adobe Systems Main lead DBMS Arbitrary Code Injection

Adobe Systems Main lead DBMS Arbitrary Code Injection
Posted Jul 19, 2018
Authored by Benjamin Kunz Mejri | Site vulnerability-lab.com

Adobe Systems Mail Lead DBMS suffers from an arbitrary code injection vulnerability.

tags | exploit, arbitrary
MD5 | ada369cd2544ba228b1d487fb353258d

Adobe Systems Main lead DBMS Arbitrary Code Injection

Change Mirror Download
Document Title:
===============
Adobe Systems - Arbitrary Code Injection Vulnerability


References (Source):
====================
https://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=2120

PSIRT ID: 7873

Vulnerability Magazine:
https://www.vulnerability-db.com/?q=articles/2018/07/19/hacker-injects-arbitrary-codes-main-lead-database-adobe-systems

Acknowledgements: (Industry Partners)
https://helpx.adobe.com/security/acknowledgements.html


Release Date:
=============
2018-07-19


Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):
====================================
2120


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
6.4


Vulnerability Class:
====================
Multiple


Current Estimated Price:
========================
5.000a! - 10.000a!


Product & Service Introduction:
===============================
Adobe Systems Incorporated commonly known as Adobe, is an American
multinational computer software company.
The company is headquartered in San Jose, California, United States.
Adobe has historically focused upon the creation of
multimedia and creativity software products, with a more recent foray
towards rich Internet application software
development. It is best known for Photoshop, an image editing software,
Acrobat Reader, the Portable Document Format
(PDF), and Adobe Creative Suite, as well as its successor, Adobe
Creative Cloud.

(COpy of the Homepage: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adobe_Systems )


Abstract Advisory Information:
==============================
The vulnerability laboratory core research team discovered arbitrary
code execution vulnerability in the Adobe Systems main lead database
management system.


Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:
==================================
2018-02-05: Researcher Notification & Coordination (Security Researcher)
2018-02-08: Vendor Notification (Adobe PSIRT - Security Department)
2018-02-12: Vendor Response/Feedback (Adobe PSIRT - Security Department)
2018-02-16: Reporter Response/Feedback #1 (Security Researcher)
2018-02-27: Reporter Response/Feedback #2 (Security Researcher)
2018-03-04: Reporter Response/Feedback #3 (Security Researcher)
2018-06-14: Vendor Fix/Patch (Adobe Service Developer Team)
2018-06-15: Security Acknowledgements (Adobe PSIRT - Security Department)
2018-06-19: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)


Discovery Status:
=================
Published


Affected Product(s):
====================
Adobe Systems
Product: Main Lead DBMS - *.adobesystems.com 2018 Q2


Exploitation Technique:
=======================
Remote


Severity Level:
===============
High


Authentication Type:
====================
Pre auth - no privileges


User Interaction:
=================
Low User Interaction


Disclosure Type:
================
Responsible Disclosure Program


Technical Details & Description:
================================
The vulnerability laboratory core research team discovered an arbitrary
code injection vulnerability in the adobe systems main lead database
management system.
The issue allows remote attackers to inject own malicious script codes
and system specific codes with persistent attack vector to the
application-side of
the vulnerable modules context or affected internal services.

The arbitrary code injection vulnerability is located in the external
services associated with the content of adobe systems subdomain services.
Attackers are able to attack the adobe system's lead database by
inserting arbitrary code over other database layers. This issue allows an
attacker to perform the injection using an external service form. After
the content has been delivered, the data is stored in the sub-service
database management system. Over time, the database contents of the sub
services are backed up and synchronized with the main database of the
adobe systems. In the case of our research, we identified several
external services to attack the sub-services of the adobe system and
finally
deliver the faulty content within the main lead database.

The injection points are the external services. The exeuction points are
located in the backend when processing to manage the contents and
when the content is delivered through the main lead database to other
customers or business clients (commercials, mailing and notify). The
vulnerable domain that executed the contents are adobesystems.com and
info.adobesystems.com. The request method to inject is POST and the
attack vector is located on the application-sideof adobe-systems. To
register and send an email no user account is required.

Successful exploitation of the arbitrary code injection vulnerability
results in malformed dbms injects, dbms compromise, session hijacking,
persistent phishing attacks, persistent external redirects to malicious
source and manipulation of affected or connected application modules.

Vulnerable Micro Service(s):
[+] apps.enterprise.adobe.com
[+] offflivestream.creativecloud.adobeevents.com/
[+] summit-emea.adobe.com

Vulnerable Sub Service(s):
[+] landing.adobe.com
[+] offers.adobe.com
[+]
sstats.adobe.com/b/ss/adbadobefaasprod,adbadobeglobalapp/1/JS-2.5.0/s3118621512273


Request Method(s):
[+] POST

Vulnerable File(s):
[+] m.jsp
[+] adobe_econsultancy_digital_trends_2017.html
[+] submit.html
[+] form.html

Parameter(s):
[+] firstname
[+] lastname
[+] companyname

Affected Domain(s):
[+] adobe.com
[+] info.adobesystems.com
[+] t.info.adobesystems.com
[+] m.info.adobesystems.com
[+] t-info.mail.adobe.com


Proof of Concept (PoC):
=======================
The arbitrary code injection vulnerability can be exploited by remote
attackers without privileged user account and with low user interaction.
For security demonstration or to reproduce the vulnerability follow the
provided information and steps below to continue.


1. PoC: Injection Points External
https://apps.enterprise.adobe.com/faas/service/3.0.0/submit
https://offflivestream.creativecloud.adobeevents.com/register/registration/form
https://summit-emea.adobe.com/emea/registration/?sdid=ZFN4FLWT&mv=email

2. PoC: Followed Sub Systems
http://landing.adobe.com/
https://offers.adobe.com/de/de/marketing/landings/digitale_trends_2017.html
https://offers.adobe.com/de/de/marketing/offers/adobe_econsultancy_digital_trends_2017.html
http://t-info.mail.adobe.com/r/?id=t3100ff18,90990a66,90990bea
https://sstats.adobe.com/b/ss/adbadobefaasprod,adbadobeglobalapp/1/JS-2.5.0/s3118621512273


3. PoC: Execution Points
https://www.adobe.com/de/modal-offers/how-to-data-to-customer-intelligence.html
http://t.info.adobesystems.com//r/?id=h70201f92,8cea7339,8cea733a
http://t.info.adobesystems.com//r/?id=h70201f92,8cea7339,8cea7343&p1=%40HeFLnKJ3LTguSxrRQIi3boBCMRBrTTbGPcHOK%2F%2BwiM4%3D

Note: The following example shows
1. Enterprise to stats adobe
2. After that occurs a sync to the sub domain service
3. Then the data is merged to the info adobe service
4. Some sync and backups later the content is inside the main lead database


--- PoC Session Logs (POST Inject)---
Status: 200[OK]
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Vulnerable Source: Service Email #1 (Test)
<tbody><tr><td class="mobile-spacer" style="width:60px;"
width="60">&nbsp;</td>
<td class="headline" style="color:#2F303D; font-family:serenity,
Helvetica Neue,
Helvetica, Verdana, Arial, sans-serif; font-size:30px; line-height:25px;
padding-top:40px;"
align="center"><strong>RAGEN SIE HERAUS MIT GROSSARTIGEN
ERLEBNISSEN.</strong></td>
<td class="mobile-spacer" style="width:60px;" width="60">&nbsp;</td></tr>
<tr><td class="mobile-spacer" style="width:60px;" width="60">&nbsp;</td>
<td style="color:#2F303D; font-family:adobe-clean, Helvetica Neue Light,
Helvetica Light,
Helvetica, Verdana, Arial, sans-serif; font-size:16px; font-weight:100;
line-height:19px; padding-top:12px;"
align="center">Sehr geehrter Herr "<[PAYLOAD EXECUTION POINT FIRSTNAME &
LASTNAME])" <,<br=""><br>das
Erlebnis w&auml;chst sich gerade zum wichtigsten Faktor bei der
Kundenbindung aus. Erlebnisse, die pers&ouml;nlich,
begeisternd und konsistent auf jedem Kanal und Endger&auml;t sind AC/a!a
das ist jetzt Ihr gr&ouml;AA,ter Wettbewerbsvorteil.
<br><br>Besuchen Sie unseren Adobe Summit EMEA 2018. Erleben Sie bei
uns, was es f&uuml;r auAA,ergew&ouml;hnliche
digitale Erlebnisse wirklich braucht. Erfahren Sie von Unternehmen wie
<strong>Sky, DHL</strong> oder
<strong>Raiffeisen</strong>, wie sie diese neuartigen Erlebnis-Angebote
realisiert haben, die ihre Gesch&auml;ftsmodelle
heute bereits von der Konkurrenz abheben.


Vulnerable Source: Service Email #2 (Test)
<td class="mobile" style="display: none; max-height:0; font-size:0;
height:0;padding:0;margin:0;width:0;" valign="top">
<a
href="http://t.info.adobesystems.com//r/?id=h545ac15,8dd8df42,8dd8df46&p1=7011O000002bSn9QAE&p2=0031400002mfNt5AAE"

target="_blank" style="color:#0099ff;"><img class="mobile-image"
alt="Weil wir innovativ bleiben, liegen wir weiterhin vorne."
src="https://www.adobe.com/content/dam/acom/fr/solutions/digital-marketing/events/images/other/49460e.de.because-we-keep-innovating-we-keep-leading.640x597.jpg"

style="vertical-align:top;
overflow:hidden;display:none;visibility:hidden;width:0;max-height:0;"
width="320" vspace="0" hspace="0" height="340" border="0">
</a>
</td>
<!--<![endif]-->
</tr>
</tbody></table>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td class="mobile-padding"
style="padding-left:30px;padding-right:30px;padding-top:14px;"
valign="top" bgcolor="#000000">
<table style="mso-cellspacing: 0px; mso-padding-alt: 0px 0px 0px 0px;
width:100%;" width="100%" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="0">
<tbody><tr>
<td class="mobile-text" style="color:#ffffff; font-family:Arial,
Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size:12px; line-height:18px;
padding-top:12px;" valign="top">
Sehr geehrter Herr "%20"[PAYLOAD EXECUTION POINT FIRSTNAME &
LASTNAME],<br=""><br>Forrester stuft Adobe als Leader bei Web-Analysen ein.
Lesen Sie in <i>The Forrester Wave<sup
style="line-height:95%;">AC/aAC/</sup>: Web Analytics, Q4 2017</i>, weshalb
wir weiter den Ton angeben
AC/a!a mit aussagekrAA$?ftigen und verwertbaren Einblicken fAA1/4r alle
Mitarbeiter im Unternehmen.
</tr>


Reference(s):
https://www.adobe.com
http://t.info.adobesystems.com
http://m.info.adobesystems.com
https://offers.adobe.com
https://sstats.adobe.com
https://apps.enterprise.adobe.com
http://landing.adobe.com
http://t-info.mail.adobe.com
https://offflivestream.creativecloud.adobeevents.com
https://summit-emea.adobe.com


Solution - Fix & Patch:
=======================
1. Restrict and filter the input fields and disallow usage of script
code tags for inputs
2. Encode the context of the input fields during the post method request
submit to prevent malformed injects
3. Parse the firstname and lastname and company values in outgoing
emails with all adobe service templates
4. Implement a filter mechanism with exception-handling to parse
contents delivered from an external service to the sub-service followed
by the main lead database
5. Provide awareness to employees by explaining the specific impact of
the attack points to prevent the manual delivery
6. Develop a process to remove compromised information from the main
database or backups
7. Ensure that a web-firewall captures those incidents to alert or react
to ensure that an attacker is not able to move through the separate
database segments

The reported urls has been reported and disarmed already by the adobe
systems psirt and developer team. The issue has been patched in multiple
functions.
The forumulars are already restricted and the case scenario has been
full transparent delivered to ensure the problematic becomes visible to
adobe.
(Example:
http://t.info.adobesystems.com//r/?id=h70201f92,8cea7339,8cea7343&p1=%40HeFLnKJ3LTguSxrRQIi3boBCMRBrTTbGPcHOK%2F%2BwiM4%3D)


Security Risk:
==============
The security risk of the arbitrary code injection vulnerability in the
adobe web services are estimated as high.


Credits & Authors:
==================
Benjamin K.M. (Vulnerability Laboratory Core Research
Team)[research@vulnerability-lab.com] -
https://www.vulnerability-lab.com/show.php?user=Benjamin+K.M.


Disclaimer & Information:
=========================
The information provided in this advisory is provided as it is without
any warranty. Vulnerability Lab disclaims all warranties, either
expressed or
implied, including the warranties of merchantability and capability for
a particular purpose. Vulnerability-Lab or its suppliers are not liable
in any
case of damage, including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential
loss of business profits or special damages, even if Vulnerability Labs
or its
suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such damages. Some
states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability mainly for
incidental
or consequential damages so the foregoing limitation may not apply. We
do not approve or encourage anybody to break any licenses, policies, deface
websites, hack into databases or trade with stolen data. We have no need
for criminal activities or membership requests. We do not publish
advisories
or vulnerabilities of religious-, militant- and racist-
hacker/analyst/researcher groups or individuals. We do not publish trade
researcher mails,
phone numbers, conversations or anything else to journalists,
investigative authorities or private individuals.

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Copyright A(c) 2018 | Vulnerability Laboratory - [Evolution
Security GmbH]aC/




--
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SERVICE: www.vulnerability-lab.com

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