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Chakra CFG Bypass Due To Bug In ServerFreeAllocation

Chakra CFG Bypass Due To Bug In ServerFreeAllocation
Posted Dec 5, 2017
Authored by Ivan Fratric, Google Security Research

Charka suffers from a CFG bypass due to a bug in ServerFreeAllocation.

tags | advisory
advisories | CVE-2017-11874
MD5 | 6411c53089610f19e5d46f685bd4d1a1

Chakra CFG Bypass Due To Bug In ServerFreeAllocation

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Chakra: CFG bypass due to a bug in ServerFreeAllocation 

CVE-2017-11874


Chakra JIT server exposes a ServerFreeAllocation() method that can be used to free an existing JIT allocation (for example when the corresponding function gets freed).

The simplified function's implementation is:

context->SetValidCallTargetForCFG((PVOID)codeAddress, false);
context->GetCodeGenAllocators()->emitBufferManager.FreeAllocation((void*)codeAddress);

First, the implementation makes sure that the CFG flag for the codeAddress is set to 0 and then frees the allocation at this address.

The problem is that FreeAllocation is too permissive. Below is the simplified code of FreeAllocation():

while(allocation != nullptr)
{
if (address >= allocation->allocation->address && address < (allocation->allocation->address + allocation->bytesUsed))
{
...
this->allocationHeap.Free(allocation->allocation);
return true;
}
previous = allocation;
allocation = allocation->nextAllocation;
}

This means that the allocation will get freed not only if codeAddress points to the beginning of the allocation but also if codeAddress points *anywhere inside* the allocation.

So, if an attacker is able to change the codeAddress being used as an argument to ServerFreeAllocation() (e.g. with a read/write primitive inside a Content Process) and they increase codeAddress (but still let it point inside the same allocation), the allocation will get freed, but the CFG flag for the function will not be cleared correctly (the CFG flag will be cleared for the wrong address).

Later, if executable memory is allocated over the same (freed) space, the CFG target will still be valid, even if the new allocation will not be alligned perfectly with the old allocation.


This bug is subject to a 90 day disclosure deadline. After 90 days elapse
or a patch has been made broadly available, the bug report will become
visible to the public.




Found by: ifratric

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