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Microsoft Chakra JIT Server IRBuilder::Build Integer Overflow

Microsoft Chakra JIT Server IRBuilder::Build Integer Overflow
Posted Aug 16, 2017
Authored by Ivan Fratric, Google Security Research

The Microsoft Chakra JIT server suffers from an integer overflow in IRBuilder::Build.

tags | advisory, overflow
advisories | CVE-2017-8637
SHA-256 | 6639f5e0c1bdd2f5bed8084c2cf405fcb0a5da8cf37e3dda8f8472c91bcd2d16

Microsoft Chakra JIT Server IRBuilder::Build Integer Overflow

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 Microsoft Chakra JIT server integer overflow in IRBuilder::Build 


There is an issue in Chakra JIT server that can be potentially exploited to compromise the JIT process from a compromised browser content process. Bugs like this could potentially be used to bypass ACG (Arbitrary Code Guard) in Microsoft Edge.

The issue has been confirmed on a ChakraCore build from the latest source.

Chakra JIT server takes bytecode as an input from the calling process. JIT server can either compile a function or a loop body. When the client asks the JIT process to compile a loop body, in addition to the bytecode buffer, the client sends a start offset and an end offset inside the buffer (CodeGenWorkItemIDL->jitData->bodyData->loopHeaders->startOffset and CodeGenWorkItemIDL->jitData->bodyData->loopHeaders->endOffset). These values aren't validated by the JIT server.

This can lead to out-of-bound reads in the bytecode buffer, but it can also lead to an out-of-bounds write as demonstrated below.

In IRBuilder.cpp in IRBuilder::Build() on this line

offsetToInstructionCount = lastOffset + 2;

lastOffset is user-controlled. If lastOffset is sufficiently large, an integer overflow occurs and offsetToInstructionCount wraps around to a small value. offsetToInstructionCount is then used to allocate an array:

m_offsetToInstruction = JitAnewArrayZ(m_tempAlloc, IR::Instr *, offsetToInstructionCount);

Due to the overflow, the array is goint to be too small to hold the required data. Finally, an overflow happens in IRBuilder::AddInstr on

Assert(offset < m_offsetToInstructionCount);
if (m_offsetToInstruction[offset] == nullptr)
m_offsetToInstruction[offset] = instr;

Note #1: While there is an assert() here it will only affect the debug build.
Note #2: Due to the if() statement, an attacker can only overwrite a null-value.

To demonstrate the issue, it is sufficient to change the value of CodeGenWorkItemIDL->jitData->bodyData->loopHeaders->endOffset to 0xffffffff before calling RemoteCodeGen() function on the JIT server when JITing a loop body.

This bug is subject to a 90 day disclosure deadline. After 90 days elapse
or a patch has been made broadly available, the bug report will become
visible to the public.

Found by: ifratric

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