what you don't know can hurt you

1Password 4.6.1.619 DLL Hijacking

1Password 4.6.1.619 DLL Hijacking
Posted Apr 7, 2017
Authored by Stefan Kanthak

1Password version 4.6.1.619 suffers from an executable installer dll hijacking vulnerability.

tags | exploit
systems | windows
MD5 | e4cdcbd0a126a5c67d73e803b5045e0d

1Password 4.6.1.619 DLL Hijacking

Change Mirror Download
Hi @ll,

1Password-4.6.1.619.exe, available from
<https://d13itkw33a7sus.cloudfront.net/dist/1P/win4/1Password-4.6.1.619.exe>
is vulnerable to DLL hijacking: it loads UXTheme.dll or DWMAPI.dll
from its "application directory" instead Windows
"system directory".

For downloaded applications like 1Password-4.6.1.619.exe the
"application directory" is Windows' "Downloads" folder.

See <http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Nov/101> and
<http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Dec/86> plus
<https://insights.sei.cmu.edu/cert/2008/09/carpet-bombing-and-directory-poisoning.html>,
<http://blog.acrossecurity.com/2012/02/downloads-folder-binary-planting.html>,
<http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2012/Aug/134> and
<http://blogs.technet.com/b/srd/archive/2014/05/13/load-library-safely.aspx>
for more information.

See <https://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/426.html>,
<https://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/427.html>
<https://capec.mitre.org/data/definitions/471.html>,
<https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/2269637.aspx>,
<https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff919712.aspx> and
<https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms682586.aspx> for this
well-known beginner's error.


If one of the DLLs named above is placed in the users "Downloads"
directory (for example per "drive-by download") this vulnerability
becomes a remote code execution.

JFTR: there is ABSOLUTELY no need for executable installers on
Windows! DUMP THIS CRAP!


Additionally the installer creates an unsafe temporary directory
"%TEMP%\is-*.tmp\" where it extracts some parts of itself and
executes them.

See <https://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/377.html>
and <https://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/379.html> for this
well-known beginner's error.


Mitigations:
~~~~~~~~~~~~

* Don't use executable installers! NEVER!
Don't use self-extractors! NEVER!

See <http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Nov/101> and
<http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Dec/86> plus
<http://home.arcor.de/skanthak/!execute.html> alias
<https://skanthak.homepage.t-online.de/!execute.html> for more
information.

* Add an ACE "(D;OIIO;WP;;;WD)" to the ACL of every "%USERPROFILE%";
use <https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa374928.aspx> to
decode it to "deny execution of files in this directory for
everyone, inheritable to all files in all subdirectories".

* Use SAFER alias Software Restriction Policies or AppLocker to
enforce W^X alias "write Xor execute" in the NTFS file system:
allow execution only below %SystemRoot% and %ProgramFiles% and
deny it everywhere else.

See <http://mechbgon.com/srp/index.html> or
<http://home.arcor.de/skanthak/SAFER.html> alias
<https://skanthak.homepage.t-online.de/SAFER.html> for more
information.


stay tuned (and far away from such crap)
Stefan Kanthak


Timeline:
~~~~~~~~~

2017-03-21 vulnerability report sent to vendor

2017-03-23 reply from vendor
"WON'T FIX: this does not attack 1Password data but
the target system itself, and is an issue with low
risk, an issue that has existing mitigations in place,
or is an accepted business risk for the customer."

2017-04-07 report published


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