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Symantec Web Gateway 5.2.2 OS Command Injection

Symantec Web Gateway 5.2.2 OS Command Injection
Posted Oct 6, 2016
Authored by EgiX | Site karmainsecurity.com

Symantec Web Gateway versions 5.2.2 and below suffer from an OS command injection vulnerability in new_whitelist.php.

tags | exploit, web, php
advisories | CVE-2016-5313
MD5 | 38e30c2ae231c0c90aef4db50c02c12c

Symantec Web Gateway 5.2.2 OS Command Injection

Change Mirror Download
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Symantec Web Gateway <= 5.2.2 (new_whitelist.php) OS Command Injection
Vulnerability
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[-] Software Link:

https://www.symantec.com/


[-] Affected Versions:

Version 5.1.1.24, 5.2.1.80 and 5.2.2.118. Other versions might be affected.


[-] Vulnerability Description:

The vulnerable code is located in the /spywall/new_whitelist.php script:

141. $isNew = $_POST['isNew'];
142. $sid = $_POST['sid'];
143. $exceptions = array();
144. $last_modified = time();
145. /* validate input */
146.
147. if (!$sid && !isValidWhiteDomain($white_ip) &&
!isIpSubnet($white_ip)) {
148. $errors['white_ip'] = 'Please enter a valid domain or IP
address or IP/mask.';
149. }

The vulnerability exists because the validation checks may be bypassed
by setting the "sid" POST parameter to a
value different from zero. In this way, even though the "white_ip" POST
parameter (assigned to the $white_ip variable)
is not a valid domain or IP address, it will be passed to the
add_whitelist() function as its $url parameter:

329. function add_whitelist ($signature, $url, $whitelist,
$ignore_auth, $restoreConfig = 0) {
330. [...]
331. if (!isCiu()){
332. if ($restoreConfig) {
333. syscall("sudo /usr/local/bin/updateDB 2 1 $url
$whitelist $ignore_auth [...]
334. } else {
335. syscall("sudo /usr/local/bin/updateDB 2 1 $url
$whitelist $ignore_auth [...]
336. }
337. }

This can be exploited to inject and execute arbitrary OS commands with
the privileges of the "root" user on the appliance.
Successful exploitation of this vulnerability requires an user account
with read-write permissions (POLICY_LEVEL).


[-] Solution:

Update to version 5.2.5.


[-] Disclosure Timeline:

[09/07/2016] - Vendor notified
[11/07/2016] - Vendor response
[09/09/2016] - Vendor asks to confirm this is fixed in version 5.2.5
[15/09/2016] - Feedback sent to the vendor
[05/10/2016] - Publication of vendor"s advisory: https://goo.gl/aOJq5A
[06/10/2016] - Publication of this advisory


[-] CVE Reference:

The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures project (cve.mitre.org)
has assigned the name CVE-2016-5313 to this vulnerability.


[-] Credits:

Vulnerability discovered by Egidio Romano.


[-] Original Advisory:

http://karmainsecurity.com/KIS-2016-12




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