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JD Edwards 9.1 EnterpriseOne Server Password Disclosure

JD Edwards 9.1 EnterpriseOne Server Password Disclosure
Posted Aug 25, 2016
Authored by Fernando Russ, Matias Mevied | Site onapsis.com

JD Edwards 9.1 EnterpriseOne Server suffers from a password disclosure vulnerability.

tags | advisory
advisories | CVE-2016-0425
SHA-256 | f62b06ca46ce6a950bf75e81bcd7d1a68c1c5faa0828341fcfd2c92b0be3d0e8

JD Edwards 9.1 EnterpriseOne Server Password Disclosure

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Onapsis Security Advisory ONAPSIS-2016-00171: JD Edwards Server Manager Password Disclosure

1. Impact on Business
By exploiting this vulnerability an unauthenticated attacker could retrive the administration user and passwords from the Server Manager compromising the whole JDE landscape hence all of its information and processes.

Risk Level: Critical

2. Advisory Information
- Public Release Date: 07/28/2016
- Last Revised: 07/28/2016
- Security Advisory ID: ONAPSIS-2016-013
- Onapsis SVS ID: ONAPSIS-00172
- CVE: CVE-2016-0425
- Researcher: Fernando Russ and Matias Mevied
- Vendor Provided CVSS v2: 6 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:S/C:P/I:P/A:P)
- Onapsis CVSS v2: 10 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)
- Onapsis CVSS v3: 10 (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H)

3. Vulnerability Information
- Vendor: Oracle
- Affected Components: JD Edwards 9.1 EnterpriseOne Server
- Vulnerability Class:
- Missing Authentication for Critical Function (CWE-306)
- Storing Passwords in a Recoverable Format (CWE-257)
- Use of Hard-coded Cryptographic Key (CWE-321)
- Information Exposure (CWE-200)
- Remotely Exploitable: Yes
- Locally Exploitable: No
- Authentication Required: No
- Original Advisory: http://onapsis.com/research/security-advisories/jd-edwards-server-manager-password-disclosure

4. Affected Components Description
The Server Manager use the Java Management Extensions (JMX) technology to connect to all the JD Edwards servers with an agent. This technology uses Managed Beans and the standard Remote Method Invocation (RMI) protocol.

5. Vulnerability Details
The vulnerability could be exploited by invoking the method getEncryptedPasswordForUser without any authentication mechanism, using it to get the encrypted password for any server manager users. The password is encrypted without initialization vector (IV) and using the Triple Data Encryption Standard (TripleDES) algorithm. The password could be decrypted using a fixed key.

6. Solution
Implement Oracle Critical Patch Update released in January 2016.

7. Report Timeline
- 03/12/2015: Onapsis provides vulnerability information to Oracle.
- 03/17/2015: Oracle confirms reception of vulnerability report.
- 01/19/2016: Oracle releases the Critical Patch Update in January 2016 fixing the vulnerability.
- 07/28/2016: Onapsis Releases Security Advisory.

About Onapsis Research Labs
Onapsis Research Labs provides the industry analysis of key security issues that impact business-critical systems and applications. Delivering frequent and timely security and compliance advisories with associated risk levels, Onapsis Research Labs combine in-depth knowledge and experience to deliver technical and business-context with sound security judgment to the broader information security community.

About Onapsis, Inc.
Onapsis provides the most comprehensive solutions for securing SAP and Oracle enterprise applications. As the leading experts in SAP and Oracle cyber-security, Onapsis enables security and audit teams to have visibility, confidence and control of advanced threats, cyber-risks and compliance gaps affecting their enterprise applications.

Headquartered in Boston, Onapsis serves over 180 Global 2000 customers, including 10 top retailers, 20 top energy firms and 20 top manufacturers. Onapsis solutions are also the de-facto standard for leading consulting and audit firms such as Accenture, IBM, Deloitte, E&Y, KPMG and PwC.

Onapsis solutions include the Onapsis Security Platform, which is the most widely-used SAP-certified cyber-security solution in the market. Unlike generic security products, Onapsis context-aware solutions deliver both preventative vulnerability and compliance controls, as well as real-time detection and incident response capabilities to reduce risks affecting critical business processes and data. Through open interfaces, the platform can be integrated with leading SIEM, GRC and network security products, seamlessly incorporating enterprise applications into existing vulnerability, risk and incident response management programs.

These solutions are powered by the Onapsis Research Labs which continuously provide leading intelligence on security threats affecting SAP and Oracle enterprise applications. Experts of the Onapsis Research Labs were the first to lecture on SAP cyber-attacks and have uncovered and helped fix hundreds of security vulnerabilities to-date affecting SAP Business Suite, SAP HANA, SAP Cloud and SAP Mobile applications, as well as Oracle JD Edwards and Oracle E-Business Suite platforms.

For more information, please visit www.onapsis.com, or connect with us on Twitter, Google+, or LinkedIn.

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