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Paessler PRTG Network Monitor XXE Injection

Paessler PRTG Network Monitor XXE Injection
Posted May 31, 2016
Site redteam-pentesting.de

PRTG Network Monitor version suffers from an XML eXternal Entity expansion vulnerability.

tags | exploit, xxe
advisories | CVE-2015-7743
SHA-256 | 41babc73fc9bda76f17c48714fa073370cc3e8261d71210d28b3b5a3b479575f

Paessler PRTG Network Monitor XXE Injection

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Advisory: XML External Entity Expansion in Paessler PRTG Network Monitor

Authenticated users who can create new HTTP XML/REST Value sensors in
PRTG Network Monitor can read local files on the PRTG host system via
XML external entity expansion.


Product: Paessler PRTG Network Monitor
Affected Versions:
Fixed Versions:
Vulnerability Type: XML External Entity Expansion
Security Risk: medium
Vendor URL: https://www.paessler.com/
Vendor Status: fixed version released
Advisory URL: https://www.redteam-pentesting.de/advisories/rt-sa-2015-012
Advisory Status: published
CVE: CVE-2015-7743
CVE URL: https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2015-7743


"PRTG Network Monitor is the powerful and comprehensive network
monitoring solution from Paessler AG. It monitors your network using a
whole range of technologies and assures the availability of network
components and measures traffic and usage. PRTG saves costs by avoiding
outages, optimizing connections, saving time and controlling service
level agreements (SLAs)."

(from the vendor's website)[1]

More Details

An attacker with access to a PRTG Network Monitor account with
sufficient privileges to create or configure XML/REST sensors can read
files stored on the system's local disk. These sensors are intended to
query a URL and, depending on the configuration, check whether there is
a valid response or read the value of a specific XML node in the
document that is returned. This functionality is vulnerable to XML
external entity expansion.

Proof of Concept

In order to exploit this vulnerability an HTTP XML/REST Value sensor has
to be set up to access an attacker-controlled URL and to read the value
of a specific XML node, for example:


The XML document "xeee-hosts.xml" contains an external entity that uses
the "SYSTEM" keyword to load a local file as the content of the "hosts"

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!DOCTYPE root [
<!ENTITY hosts SYSTEM "file://C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc\hosts">

Since the XML parser of PRTG Network Monitor evaluates external
entities, the XML parser fetches the file


from the disk of the local system and inserts its content into the
"root" node of the XML document. If the sensor is configured to return
the value of that "root" node, the contents of that file are displayed
in the web interface of PRTG Network Monitor. This discloses the
contents of the file to attackers which otherwise would not be able to
read local files.


Update to a version greater or equal to (see [2]).

Security Risk

Attackers who can create new HTTP XML/REST sensors in PRTG Network
Monitor, are able to use the XML external entity expansion to read files
on the local system. Depending on the data stored on the vulnerable
system, this vulnerability may pose a high risk. However, as attackers
are required to already have valid user credentials for the application,
the vulnerability is only rated to have a medium risk potential.


2015-08-28 Vulnerability identified in PRTG Network Monitor
2015-09-04 Customer approved disclosure of vulnerability
2015-09-04 CVE ID requested
2015-09-24 CVE ID requested again
2015-10-07 CVE ID assigned
2015-10-21 Vendor contacted
2016-04-04 Vendor released fixed version
2016-05-31 Advisory released


[1] https://www.paessler.com
[2] https://www.paessler.com/prtg/history/stable

RedTeam Pentesting GmbH

RedTeam Pentesting offers individual penetration tests performed by a
team of specialised IT-security experts. Hereby, security weaknesses in
company networks or products are uncovered and can be fixed immediately.

As there are only few experts in this field, RedTeam Pentesting wants to
share its knowledge and enhance the public knowledge with research in
security-related areas. The results are made available as public
security advisories.

More information about RedTeam Pentesting can be found at

RedTeam Pentesting GmbH Tel.: +49 241 510081-0
Dennewartstr. 25-27 Fax : +49 241 510081-99
52068 Aachen https://www.redteam-pentesting.de
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